The phenomenon of getting pregnant at a young age is still one of the many problems found around the world. In some cases, a girl can get pregnant at the age of 10 years. There are even those who choose to be a wife at a young age. Of course, this is a high-risk act. Find out more about 11 Year Old Pregnant Girl Gives Birth: Is giving birth under age dangerous?
11-Year-Old Pregnant Girl Gives Birth
In an incident that rocked the news circuit, an 11-year-old girl became the youngest mother in the UK. The baby was successfully born after 30 weeks of pregnancy.
The girl’s family did not know about her pregnancy until the time of delivery. The incident was of course shocking to the family, resulting in engagement with social services and council chiefs.
None of her family knew that an 11-year-old girl could get pregnant. That’s very, very worrying.
However, it is lucky that the mother and baby survived and are in fine condition. As it turns out, the same event like this is not the first. The world has seen many young girls give birth even before they turn adolescence.
Who is the youngest mother in the world?
Lina Marcela Medina de Jurado
Lina Marcela has once crowned the youngest mother in the world. She is a native of Peru and became a mother when she was five years, seven months, 21 days old. She managed to give birth to a baby weighing 2.69 kg. Her parents even though their daughter had a tumor. Because of this, they took him to the hospital for an examination.
However, they were shocked to discover that Lina was seven months pregnant at the time. The doctors interview Lina’s parents and conclude the girl has entered puberty prematurely. The incident occurred in 1939.
Tressa is a woman from England. She successfully gave birth to a baby in 2006, when she was just 12 years old. The father of Tessa’s son is his 16-year-old brother. Her brother was also the perpetrator of the rape of Tressa.
A 6-year-old boy, known only as “H” gave birth to a baby in India by cesarean section. His parents took H to the hospital thinking he had a stomach tumor. It started because H often complained of pain in the lower abdomen.
According to reports, the girl never menstruated and her breasts were far from fully developed, but she was able to breastfeed her child for nine months. H gave birth to her child weighing 1.90 kg.
Liza is a 5-year-old girl. She was raped by her maternal grandfather. She even had her 6th birthday, a few days before giving birth. Liza’s parents did not want the doctor to perform a cesarean section to remove the baby, as it was considered to be high risk as well as dangerous at the time.
Liza gave birth with the help of forceps and a retractor. Unfortunately, the baby weighing 3 kg died during childbirth caused by an early placental tear. Although the baby was born in good health, doctors said the baby could have been saved if extracted sooner, revived, and given oxygen.
Is giving birth under age dangerous?
Women who are too young while pregnant can increase the risk of complications. The risk will certainly affect the health of pregnant women and the fetus they contain. For women who give birth under the age of 20 years, it can often lead to the death of mother and child.
What are the dangers of getting pregnant in adolescence?
Susceptible to venereal diseases
Women who have active sexual intercourse at the age of under 20 years have a higher risk of contracting the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection that causes cervical cancer.
In addition, those who often have sexual infancy are also susceptible to venereal diseases, such as syphilis resulting in blindness in infants, or maternal and fetal death.
Having free sex can lead to HIV, which is unknown from the beginning of pregnancy can cause problems in the baby.
Babies can be born prematurely
Women who become pregnant in their teens are at high risk of giving birth to premature babies. This happens because the uterus is still not fully ready for pregnancy. In addition, a young mother’s lack of knowledge about nutrition while pregnant can also cause the baby’s weight at birth to below.
Adolescence is an age that is still experiencing a period of growth. The presence of nutrient capture with the fetus also usually occurs so that the baby or mother tends to be deficient in nutrients.
In some cases of pregnancy, there is also a so-called Macrosomia. This is a condition where the baby is born with a larger weight, not its normal size. Find out more about it to add to your understanding.
Risk of abnormalities in infants
Eggs in women aged 20 years and under, tend to still not be perfect. This imperfection certainly makes the fetus resulting from the result of fertilization, also become imperfect and precisely affect physical defects in the child when born later.
To reduce this should be consulted to the gynecologist so that the child born can be normal and not lack anything. But often, lack of knowledge and care makes babies born with various kinds of abnormalities.
Prone to pre-eclampsia
Pregnant women are susceptible to high blood pressure or preeclampsia. Even if he had no previous history of high blood pressure though. Hormonal changes that occur in pregnant women are the main factors that trigger the blood pressure to be higher.
For women who are pregnant under the age of 20 years, the tendency to develop preeclampsia is much higher than women who are pregnant at the age of 20 years and above.
Getting pregnant at a young age is very risky because basically, the body of a female under the age of 20 years is still not fully ready to reproduce and go through the process of childbirth.
This is coupled with hormonal changes that occur while pregnant, can make teenagers under the age of 20 vulnerable to postnatal depression.
In addition, psychologically children under the age of 20 years are also still prone to unstable so that the level of stress and depression is much greater, especially if the pregnancy is not supported by the family. They are most likely to be exposed to postpartum depression and the baby blues.
Lack of knowledge of the future Mother
Most women who become pregnant at a young age occur due to the economic demands of the family or get pregnant outside of marriage. This is certainly not a planned or highly expected pregnancy, so usually, the knowledge of the pregnancy itself becomes very minimal.
Not only nutrition is not fulfilled, but various other things that should be avoided by pregnant women that can cause problematic pregnancy may be unknown or even unaccounted for. Therefore, dangers and various complications while pregnant are vulnerable.
Risk of death in the mother or future fetus
In adolescence, the uterus and pelvic organs are not yet fully strong enough to accommodate the fetus. This can lead to problems in pregnancy and difficulties during childbirth.
Common things that occur in pregnancy at a young age are miscarriage, bleeding, premature labor, and problems with the placenta. Because of this, young women are seriously injured during childbirth and can cause death to the mother or future fetus.
What is the Best Age to Get Pregnant?
There is no age-specific benchmark best for getting pregnant. However, generally, a woman’s fertility will decrease with age. Also, complications can also be caused by pregnancy in older age. That is why getting pregnant at a young age is recommended, that is, with an age range of 20-35 years.
Pregnant in Your 20s
Here, the productive age is 20 years. Biologically, this age is the right time to get pregnant because the fertility rate is very high and the eggs produced are very abundant. The risk of having a baby born with a defect is also less because the quality of the eggs produced at this age is generally still very good.
Several other advantages can be obtained if pregnant at this age, among others:
- The risk of miscarriage is much lower.
- The risk of disorders of reproductive organs, such as uterine fibroids, is very low.
- The risk of experiencing health complications, such as high blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes, is lower.
- Giving birth prematurely or having a low-weight baby at birth may be less common at this age.
- When your child grows up, you can still look young.
Pregnant in Your 30s
When entering the age of 30 years, you should immediately plan a pregnancy because fertility has begun to decline. The drastic decline occurred after the age of 35 years. Therefore, do not delay having children, especially if you plan to have more than one child.
Some risks haunt you if you get pregnant in old age, namely:
- Risk of miscarriage and birth defects
- Pregnancy complications may also be possible at this age
- The chances of giving birth normally tend to be smaller because pregnancy in old age is more likely to have fetal distress
- Slow birth canal opening, so usually have to undergo childbirth by cesarean section
Usually, women under the age of 35 only secrete one egg per cycle. However, at the age of 35-39 years, you may be able to remove more than one egg so that it may have twins.
Pregnant in Your 40s and Up
The ability to conceive naturally decreases sharply in your 40s. The chances of getting pregnant each month are only about 5%. This happens because the supply of eggs in the body is significantly reduced. The quality of the egg is also not as good as when it was young.
This age group is more susceptible to chromosomal issues. In addition, the risk of miscarriage, having a baby with low birth weight, premature, or birth defects are also higher. The mother of the baby is also more at risk of complications while pregnant such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or problems with the placenta.
The readiness of having children in each woman is different. But from the biological side, women, in their 20s are the age with high fertility rates. Likewise, the risk of having a deformed birth defect is also lower in women who are pregnant in their 20s.
What is puberty and when does it occur?
At the stage of adolescent development, the child will experience puberty. The term is used when a child has undergone hormonal changes in the body related to the maturity of their reproductive organs.
Most girls start puberty when they are between the ages of 8 and 13. While in boys, puberty will be experienced when they enter the age of 10 to 16 years. Yes, boys do experience puberty more slowly compared to girls.
In this phase, there will be a peak growth spurt child, which is the second-fastest growth period after infancy. Puberty will make the child’s body and sexual organs develop until adulthood.
Characteristics of girls’ puberty
An early feature of teenage girls during puberty is breast growth. This breast growth can even happen not simultaneously.
For example, one breast is formed first then the other breast. In addition, another early feature girls can experience during puberty is hair growth in the arms and legs.
Not only that, hair in the area of sexual organs and armpits also begins to grow. If the child has experienced breast growth and hair growth in the pubic and armpits, the sign is that soon he will reach the peak of his growth.
Other characteristics of puberty in girls
The characteristics of puberty experienced by girls do not just stop at the initial sign only. Furthermore, teenage girls will experience several other puberty traits, such as:
- Menarche or first menstruation
- Start growing acne on the face
- Breasts continue to grow to like adults
- Hair in the area of sexual organs and armpits becomes denser
- The appearance of thin mustaches in some girls
- Easier to sweat
- Begin to experience whiteness
- Height increases drastically since menstruation, usually 5-7.5 cm every year
- Weight gain begins to increase
- Hips enlarged while waist shrinks
Characteristics of puberty in boys
The first feature that indicates boys enter puberty is the enlarged size of the testicles. Generally, this happens at the age of 11 years. After that, it is followed by an increase in the size of the penis. Next, curly hair on the area of sexual organs and armpits begins to grow.
Other features of puberty in boys
In addition to the characteristics of puberty experienced in early puberty, here are some other signs that boys experience during puberty:
- Growth of the penis and testicles
- Boy’s scrotum will turn darker
- Hair in the area of sexual organs and armpits becomes thicker
- Sweat production increases
- Having wet dreams
- The occurrence of sound changes is becoming heavier
- Start growing acne both in the face and body area
- Boys’ height increases to 7-8 cm each year
- Muscles are formed in the body
- Start growing hair on the face
Things to note to avoid pregnancy in adolescence
Let them hang out with friends who have become mothers in their teens
Hundreds of young women who have good relationships with their friends who have become mothers in their teens, do not make the same mistakes and finish their studies on time.
This is a testament to the reality of pregnancy and the role of parents in adolescence impacting their education and social life.
Limit, but talk about sexual content on TV with children
Sexual content on television is associated with increasing pregnancy in adolescents. Teens who watched a lot of sexual content were more likely to get pregnant or impregnated.
However, you can use that content to educate your teen. It would be nice to tell them what can be learned from the spectacle.
Engage them with sports
The easiest way to reduce the risk of pregnancy in adolescents is to involve and support them in participating in sports. Physical activity can be a positive thing, such as increased self-esteem, reducing stress, anxiety, as well as making the body healthier.
Make sure they know that masturbation is not a bad thing
Preventing adolescents from engaging in sexual behavior makes them more likely to have pregnant adolescents. The importance of the role of parents should make it clear that masturbation is natural for adolescents.