Contrary to the two previously discussed kinds of angina, Angina caused by Prinzmetal causes stiffness in the heart’s arteries. This causes the volume that blood flows to drop in a short period.
Angina of Prinzmetal is a very uncommon type of angina. This kind of angina generally occurs at rest, either at late at night or early in the morning. The pain can be quite intense, however, it usually eases through medications.
Angina Attack Symptoms : Angina Attack What to do
If you’re suffering from angina attacks:
- Stop whatever you’re doing and take a break.
- Make use of your GTN medication.
- Another dose should be taken after five minutes if the initial one isn’t working.
- Make 999 a call for an ambulance if remain ill for more than 5 minutes after having taken the second dose.
Is Angina Dangerous
Angina causes chest pain that is caused due to a decreased flow of blood to the heart muscle. It’s usually not life-threatening, but it is an indicator that you may be at risk for a coronary attack or stroke. If you are treated and make healthy lifestyle modifications, it’s possible to reduce the risk of angina as well as the likelihood of having these grave problems.
How Long does Angina Last
Most often, it lasts 5 minutes. Rarely longer than 15 mins. It is caused by physical exercise emotional stress, heavy meals, and extreme heat or cold temperatures. It is relieved in 5 minutes with rest, nitroglycerin, or both. The chest pain can spread to the neck, jaw back, or any other area.
What is the best time to consult a doctor?
If this is your first time noticing discomfort and pain in your chest seek out your physician immediately. The chest pain complaints could be a sign of angina pectoris, a condition due to heart disease.
It is also recommended to consult the doctor if your angina pectoris persists for a prolonged period and does not get better after taking a break.
Since angina pectoris is typically due to coronary heart diseases, it is recommended that you consult your doctor when you’ve had a history of hypertension and high cholesterol, and a poor lifestyle like:
- Frequent consumption of fat-rich foods
- Excessive alcohol consumption
The earlier you get assessed as well as treated by a physician and a doctor, the greater chance of serious complications can be avoided.
Diagnosis Angina Pectoris
To diagnose angina pectoris, the doctor will ask about the patient’s complaints as well as ask whether the patient has risk factors for coronary heart disease. After that, the doctor will perform a physical examination and some supporting tests for heart examination, such as:
- Electrocardiogram (ECG), to check the heart’s electrical flow and detect disturbances in heart rhythm
- Cardiac echo, to find the location of damage to the heart muscle and areas of the heart that are not getting enough blood
- Treadmill ECG (stress test), which has the same purpose as the ECG, but is performed while the patient is active
- Chest X-rays, to look for an expanded heart
- Cardiac catheterization, to see the narrowing of the heart’s blood vessels with the help of a catheter, special dyes (contrast), and X-rays
- Cardiac scan with a CT scan or nuclear examination, to check for blocked heart vessels and parts of the heart that are not getting blood flow
- Blood tests, to detect the presence of cardiac enzymes, whose levels in the blood can increase when the heart is not getting an adequate blood supply.
Besides knowing about Angina Attack Symptoms, also know information about Symptoms of Chest Pain and Shortness of Breath.
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