Angina Pectoris Treatment
Treatment of angina pectoris aims to reduce complaints and prevent heart attacks. The method given can be different, depending on the condition experienced by the patient, including:
Some types of drugs that can be given by doctors to relieve angina symptoms are:
- Blood-thinning medications, such as aspirin, clopidogrel, or ticagrelor
- Blood vessel widening drugs, such as nitroglycerin, widen and relax blood vessels, so blood flow to the heart is better
- Beta-blocking drugs, to slow the heart rate and make blood vessels more relaxed thereby reducing the workload of the heart
- Drugs to control diabetes, cholesterol, and hypertension which are risk factors for coronary heart disease
If angina pectoris does not subside after giving medication, the doctor will recommend medical measures, such as:
- Installation of a heart ring, to widen a narrowed artery by placing a special wire (ring) shaped like a tube in the arteries of the heart
- Heart bypass surgery, by taking blood vessels from other parts of the body, to create new blood vessels to replace narrowed blood vessels
In addition to undergoing treatment, patients need to undergo treatment for various risk factors for coronary heart disease that cause angina, such as hypertension and diabetes.
Patients also need to make lifestyle changes to prevent this complaint from reappearing. Lifestyle changes that need to be made include regular exercise, adopting a healthy diet, quitting smoking, and getting enough rest.
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