Are Dry Eyes a Symptom of Diabetes
Are Dry Eyes a Symptom of Diabetes. Diabetes can lead to eye problems such as glaucoma, retinopathy, and cataracts. Most diabetics are aware of this. About half of people with diabetes also have dry eyes, but most don’t realize it. The nerve damage that can cause you to lose sensation in your legs, feet, and hands can also affect your eyes.
Does diabetes cause dry eyes, and can diabetes cause dry eyes. Dry eye syndrome (also known as keratoconjunctivitis, sicca) is one of the most common eye conditions. People with diabetes are more at risk. Research shows that dry eye can affect up to 50% of diabetics.
Are Dry Eyes a Symptom of Diabetes : Various Eye Diseases Due to Diabetes
Complications of diabetes can result in eye health problems. Here are some eye diseases due to diabetes:
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye disorder in people with diabetes mellitus. It is estimated that 1 in 10 people with diabetes experience this incurable condition.
In diabetic retinopathy, the part of the eye that functions to transmit light to nerve cells (the retina) is abnormal, in the form of bleeding spots. The cause of this condition is the blood vessels of the organ are thin and fragile. As a result, the eye’s ability to see will slowly decline.
If you have entered the advanced stage, new blood vessels in the retina will form. This further blocks the retina from capturing light to be transmitted to the nerves in the brain. As a result, the eye’s ability to see will decrease.
The macula is the center of the retina that is most sensitive to light. Meanwhile, macular edema is a complication of diabetic retinopathy.
Symptoms of eye disease due to diabetes are characterized by a buildup of fluid around the macula. This situation will worsen the eyesight of the person experiencing it.
Macular edema due to diabetes can usually be treated by photocoagulation or by injecting medication into the eye. The drug commonly used is anti-VEGF ( vascular endothelial growth factor ).