Pickling is one way to preserve food. Preserved food is usually in the form of vegetables or fruits that have been harvested. Are Pickles Healthy? Find The Facts Here!
Pickling can be done in two ways by preserving using a mixture of water and salt in a container without oxygen or dipping fruit or vegetables into vinegar.
Keeping food soaked in acidic water for a few days or even a few months is beneficial for killing harmful bacteria. This makes the pickling technique become one of the food processing processes that are increasingly popular in the culinary world.
What are pickles?
Pickles are one of the foods that are loved by many people. Food that is usually made from cucumber ingredients that are then fermented with sugar or vinegar is often used as an additional dish when we eat in restaurants or stalls selling fried rice, noodles, or dumpling noodles.
Made of what pickles are and how does it taste?
Usually, the vegetables used to make pickles are cucumbers, carrots, cayenne pepper, and shallots. This pickle has a slightly sour taste because it uses vinegar during the process.
But the level of acidity provided by pickles depends on each person’s different tastes. Because there are pickles that accentuate the sweetness more than the acid. Besides, pickles use kitchen spices such as turmeric as a mixture.
Pickles are yellow pickles that are required to go through the cooking process so that the seasoning is absorbed in vegetables that have been cut into pieces and can be eaten with warm rice. But raw pickles are more often used as a complement to your diet. Pickles are often found pickles that are used as a complement to fried rice or martabak eggs.
How to make pickles?
Opt for small or light green cucumber type (kauri) or white. This is so that the texture is crunchy, juicy, and sweet taste. Wash thoroughly and cut off the base end.
If cucumbers are baby cucumbers do not need to be cut. If it is medium in size, cut it into 5 cm in size. Then the fiber crosses its surface until it is chewed.
As a complement prepare peeled shallots and peeled garlic. Then for a spicy taste can be used whole red cayenne pepper or large red chilies sliced elongated or oblique.
Also prepare a container in the form of glass jars that have been boiled and dried. This is to prevent moldy pickles. Make sure the lid can be locked tightly.
For the pickled gravy, boil the water to taste (adjust to the amount of cucumber). Add salt, vinegar, and slices of turmeric to taste. Taste, the taste makes sure it is sour and slightly sweet.
Arrange the cucumber, chili, onion and, garlic in a dry, sterile jar. Pour the boiling gravy into a jar. Leave to cool. Close until tight.
Store in a cool place or a jar. After 3 days, pickled cucumber can be enjoyed as a complement to fried noodles, fried rice, chicken noodles, or burgers.
Is pickled a healthy snack?
Yes, pickles include healthy foods because they are made from fresh ingredients. But you should not overeat it because it can cause some side effects.
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What ingredients are contained in pickles?
One cup of cut cucumber contains 16 calories, consisting of 3.8 grams of carbohydrates, including 0.5 grams of fiber, and 1.7 grams of sugar. Meanwhile, one cup of pickled cucumber contains 19 calories consisting of 3.7 grams of carbohydrates, 1.7 grams of sugar, and 1.6 grams of fiber.
Levels of calcium, potassium, magnesium, vitamin C, and vitamin K in cucumbers also remain intact. There are additional nutrients in pickles; namely probiotics.
What are the benefits of consuming pickled cucumbers?
Eating fermented foods can assist with everything from insulin resistance.Besides, here are other pickled benefits for health:
Excellent source of anti-oxidants
In addition to vitamins, there are many bioactive compounds found in fruits and vegetables that provide anti-oxidant benefits but are unfortunately lost in the preparation of traditional foods. This is because many compounds are sensitive to temperature, damaged, or disabled due to the influence of high heat.
But the preservation process of pickles avoids this occurrence, since fruits or vegetables are placed into the mixture of raw solutions, and maintain a complete anti-oxidant profile. The consumption of anti-oxidants in sufficient quantities reduces the damage caused by free radicals to the body and helps maintain our health
Provides essential minerals and vitamins
Consuming pickles is not only delicious but also gives you essential vitamins such as vitamin C, A, K, folate, and minerals such as iron, calcium, and potassium.
Vitamins and minerals are micronutrients that the body desperately needs. These benefits of pickles include protecting you from diseases, help build immunity, strengthen bones, improve vision, and various other diseases.
Improves insulin sensitivity
Studies have shown that consuming pickles made using vinegar can help control blood sugar levels.
According to the American Diabetic Association, vinegar helps improve insulin sensitivity in people with insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes, especially after they have consumed high-carbohydrate foods. The benefits of pickles can be obtained because the acetic acid in vinegar can help people who have these health problems.
However, the level of pickle consumption should still be maintained to avoid excess salt intake as it can increase blood pressure.
Improves digestive health
We can all benefit from improved digestion because over time most of us experience indigestion due to an unbalanced bacterial culture, or poor fiber intake. Fortunately, pickles may help solve both problems. Vinegar helps slow down the growth of colonies of bad bacteria, while probiotic bacteria that remain long enough will grow on these fermented foods.
Besides, pickles themselves are prebiotic, so we can eat them at any time. Fruits and vegetables are also known for their high fiber content, helping us to achieve several goals with one simple food. This is one of the reasons that makes pickles worth a place in our diet.
Helps reduce the risk of spleen cancer
For many, the spleen is a useless organ that has no real function. However, the spleen plays an important role in immunity. The spleen is a reserve of immune cells and even colonies of good bacteria, which improves the health of our intestines and reduces the risk of infection. Pickles are a good source for prebiotic bacteria and probiotic bacteria that help consolidate spleen health.
Supports weight loss
Pickles offer an interesting way to get more vegetables or fruits in the diet, if we are bored with the same method, or just like to eat them through that method. Pickled cucumbers, for example, are low in calories, rich in water content, and very filling, making them ideal for snacking or when cravings strike.
Are there any side effects of consuming pickles?
The benefits of pickles are good for health, but that doesn’t mean you can simply consume them. Withholding the expiration period of food requires the role of salt. Therefore, pickles are full of salt content.
Did you know that the consumption of pickles can cause bloating? This is because pickles contain sodium which will trigger fluid retention in the body.
In addition to sugar, pickles can also contain salt. As a result, you can experience hypertension, swelling, and fluid retention due to eating too many pickles.
Irritating the kidneys
According to research, the ingredients in pickles can irritate the kidneys when you consume them in large quantities.
In addition to irritating the kidneys, eating pickles can also cause diarrhea.
Increases the risk of cancer
Some studies state that excessive consumption of pickles especially spicy pickles will increase the risk of stomach cancer significantly.
9 Kinds of Pickles from Various Countries
Pickled Cucumber – English
In Indonesia, pickles are eaten as companion food for goat satay, fried rice, and goat’s goulash. Made from cucumber, carrot, whole chili, and sometimes pineapple. The pickles are seasoned with vinegar, salt, sugar, and slices of shallots. This pickle tastes sour, sweet, and fresh.
Pickled yellow seasoning – English
In addition to vinegar, pickled cucumber with yellow seasoning. Slices of cucumber and carrot are sautéed with yellow herbs, green chilies, or cayenne pepper. The yellow seasoning consists of garlic, shallots, turmeric, pecans, pepper, and mashed ginger. Although seasoned with spices, the taste is still fresh and there is a distinctive sensation.
Pickled cucumbers – America
These pickled cucumbers are usually served with burgers in American restaurants. Pieces of whole cucumber or cucumber are placed in glass bottles filled with vinegar and salt. The cucumber in the bottle was fermented. The pickled cucumber is crispy textured with a sour and salty flavor. This dish is also often eaten in summer.
in Singapore, pickles are made from fresh fruits. Raisins, apricots, and mangoes are flavored with spicy spices. The seasoning brings out a distinctive aroma and taste so that it tastes much more delicious. Pickled fruit is commonly eaten as a companion to biryani rice.
Pickled lady – Malaysia
in Malaysia pickles also use cucumbers. The difference is, in the neighboring country it is also coupled with eggplant, long beans, and turmeric. This typical Malaysian pickle is also called pickled madam which is usually eaten with nasi lemak. This lady pickle is more savory with a sprinkling of nuts and sesame seeds.
Achat, Thai pickles
In Thailand, there are also pickles made from cucumbers and fresh carrots known as Achat. The pickled seasoning is not much different from Indonesian spices, namely shallots, red chilies, vinegar, sugar, and salt. Achat is usually consumed as a side dish or eaten just like rujak.
In China or China, people are also used to eating pickles as a companion to rice or eaten as a dessert. Chinese pickles are made from raw cabbage with vinegar soaking water and pieces of chili. In addition to rice, pickles are also commonly eaten with noodles.
Umeboshi, Japanese Pickle
Pickles in Japan can be made from radish, cucumber, cabbage, carrots, and eggplant. However, the most famous are pickles from fermented plums. It’s sour, salty, and refreshing. Usually, these pickles are used for onigiri stuffing.
Pickled Korean Radish
In addition to kimchi, Koreans also like to make pickled radish as a side dish. Korean radish pickles are called Danmuji with yellow color as its characteristic. Radish is flavored with pickles, sugar, vinegar, black pepper, turmeric powder, and salt. This pickle is usually eaten with fried chicken or jjajangmyeon.