Borderline Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes and Psychology Today

Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental disorder that affects the feelings and way of thinking of sufferers. This condition is characterized by an ever-changing and difficult-to-control mood and self-image, as well as impulsive behavior. Find out more about Borderline Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Psychology Today.

A person with a personality disorder has a different way of thinking, perspective, and feelings compared to a typical person. This condition often also causes problems in daily life and relationships with others.

About 1–4% of people in the world experience BPD. This disorder generally occurs in late adolescence or young adulthood and is more commonly experienced by women. Even some people undergo symptoms test, quizzes, and others.


What triggers borderline personality disorder?

The exact cause of borderline personality disorder is not yet clearly known. However, some of the factors below are thought to trigger the occurrence of BPD:


Several negative environmental conditions are thought to play a role in causing this personality disorder. Examples include abuse or torture as a child and the loss or abandonment of parents. In addition, poor communication in the family can also increase the risk of BPD performing.


According to some studies, personality disorders can be passed down genetically or from parent to child. So, someone who has a family member with a threshold personality disorder is more at risk of experiencing this condition.

Abnormalities in the brain

Based on research, BPD sufferers have abnormalities in brain structure and function, especially in areas that regulate behavior and emotions. BPD sufferers are also suspected of having abnormalities in the function of brain chemicals that play a role in regulating emotions.

The above factors can indeed increase the risk of BPD. However, that does not mean that someone who has these risk factors will experience BPD. The reason, BPD is also not impossible to experience by someone who does not have any of the above risk factors.


How long does a BPD episode last?

These experiences often lead to spontaneous actions and shaky relationships. A person with BPD may experience episodes of intense anger, depression, and anxiety that can last from just a few hours to days.


Can you have a relationship with borderline personality?

People with BPD threshold personality disorder tend to have great difficulties in relationships, especially with those closest to them. Their wild mood swings, outbursts of anger, chronic abandoned fears, and impulsive and irrational behavior can make loved ones feel helpless, abused, and lose balance.


4 types of borderline personality disorder

Discouraged borderline personality disorder

One of these subtypes is a threshold personality disorder. When a person suffers from a threshold of despair, most of the way they think, feel, and behave is driven by the dependent aspect of their personality disorder. This person shows signs of shared dependence in most relationships in life


Impulsive borderline personality disorder

This BPD-specific subtype is the most charismatic of the four. Impulsive subtypes are said to have a lot in common with histrionic personality disorder, according to some psychologists.


Petulant borderline

This subtype fluctuates between explosive outbursts of anger and feelings of unworthy or unlovedness. They have a strong need to manipulate or control others, and they become very possessive, resulting in extreme dissatisfaction in their relationships.


Self-destructive borderline

They are so dependent on others, afraid of being left behind that they often walk out of control. Symptoms that often appear in men and women are often moody, bitter, and full of anger they may or may not express.

Do you know of a condition that can also cause persistent feelings of sadness and despair? Find out and find the answer to what is (Dysthymia): Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Test.


Borderline Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes and Psychology Today

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