Cerumen: What is (Cerumen Prop), Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Removal, and Prevention

Have you ever experienced ear pain and a little difficulty hearing? know, Cerumen: What is (Cerumen Prop), Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Removal, and Prevention. You can clean your ears with hydrogen peroxide, impaction drops, and spoon you can do to dissolve prop shavings.


What is serumen prop (impaksi serumen)?

Earwax, also called cerumen, is produced by the body to protect the ears. This flute or earwax is shaped like a yellow wax liquid with a sticky texture.

Under certain conditions, shaving can cause ear canal blockages that can lead to hearing loss. This condition is called cerumen prop or impact serumen.

This kind of blockage can sometimes cause a sense of distress in the ears, decreased hearing ability, to buzzing sounds.


Formation of Serumen Prop

Cerumen is formed when the ceruminasea gland located in one-third of the outer ear canal mixes with the epithelium of the skin of the loose ear canal. This combination of compositions can form an acidic layer with a normal pH of 6.8.

The shape and consistency of the flute differ genetically and racially. It is associated with the content of immunoglobulin and lysozyme, as well as the amount is also diverse. In some people, the number is small, while others can form a dense mass that is obstructive and more.

Normally, the serumen can go out on their own due to self-cleansing power due to jaw movement. But in some cases, shaving can accumulate as a result of failures in the self-cleansing mechanism triggered by the habit of scraping the ears. If left unchecked there will be blockages in the ears so that there are complaints that require an examination to a specialist.

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What are the symptoms of serumen prop (impaksi serumen)?

Cerumen prop is one of the ear disorders that you can recognize from its characteristics. The following are the symptoms and characteristics of serumen prop:

  • there is a buzz in the ear (tinnitus)
  • ear pain
  • hearing difficulties that may continue to worsen
  • itching in the ears
  • the smell from the ears
  • dizzy head


What causes prop shaving?

The shavings on your ears are produced from glands in the skin that line the outside of the ear canal. The hair and hair in this section are also dust and other foreign bodies that can damage the deeper structure of the ears.

In most people, a small part of the serumen can come out on its own. However, if you remove excessive amounts of dirt or improperly clean your ears, shavings can clog and cause ear problems.

In addition, prop shavings can occur due to cleaning the ears with aids, such as cotton buds. Ears that are often cleaned and scraped too deep can make the rest of the serumen pushed deeper.

The exclamation or earwax that gets deeper will accumulate in the ear canal, form a blob, and eventually harden. Those hardened clumps of earwax little by little will become numerous.

Unfortunately, these clumps of earwax are usually only known after causing a disturbing impact or complaint on your ears.


Diagnosis of Earwax Buildup

A doctor can diagnose earwax blockage (or perforation of the eardrum) by listening to your symptoms and then looking into your ear with an otoscope (ear scope).

also, know the kinds of earwax in the article What Dissolves Ear Wax Quickly: Natural Way To Remove Earwax.


Cerumen: What is (Cerumen Prop), Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Removal, and Prevention

Treatment options to overcome the impact of serumen

When you have an ear disorder clogged with dirt or shavings, your doctor usually performs several actions to overcome the impact on the ear.

Here’s a method you can do to get rid of prop shavings.


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Exclamation of scolitics

Cerumenolytic is a liquid solution that can help dilute, soften, break down, and dissolve prop shavings.

This solution is usually made from water or oil. Typical ingredients commonly used in water-based exclamations are:

Meanwhile, common ingredients in oil-based exclamations usually consist of:

  • peanut oil,
  • olive oil, and
  • almond oil.

These drops can be purchased without the need for a prescription from a doctor. You are recommended to use a week 2 times 5 drops in 1 use.

The exclamation point that requires a doctor’s prescription is carbamide peroxyada. It is recommended to drip 5-10 drops in 2 times a day for a total of 4 days.

These drops work by releasing oxygen to soften and push the shavings from inside the ear.

Exclamation is also antibacterial, so it helps to clean the bacteria in the ears.



Irrigation is another way to eliminate prop shavings safely and effectively. The fluid that helps the exclamation out of the ear through this method consists of:

  • warm water
  • a mixture of warm water and hydrogen peroxide with a ratio of 50:50 equally.

The liquid is inserted into the apparatus and discharged into the ear canal. The basin as a container will be placed under your ear.

This is relatively cheap and easy to come by, but the results may cause mild ear trauma.

Irrigation can also be given by drinking or orally. This is why it is relatively fast and cheap.

However, oral irrigation can also cause trauma to the ear, such as perforation of the tympanic membrane or ruptured eardrum.


Manual removal

Manual removal of prop shavings is done using a circle or a metal/plastic spoon.

This can increase the risk of infection of the ear canal as it does not use any moisturizer.

Even so, this method has a smaller risk for the eardrum to rupture, especially if you can work together when health workers do this way.


How to remove impacted ear wax

For affected earwax and does not cause symptoms, treatment is not always necessary. Earwax can disappear on its own over time. If you have symptoms of affected earwax, treatment includes:

  • Ear drops
  • Flushing (performed by medical professionals)
  • Special tools used by medical professionals to remove earwax include small sticks, hooks, and spoons as well as tools that use suckers to remove earwax
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Things not to do:

Clean your ears using a cotton swab. This can push the dirt deeper into the ear and cause impact or worsen it.

Avoid cleaning using “ear candling” which involves lighting one end of a perforated candle and putting the other end on the ear.

This method does not work and can cause ear injuries and burns.


How to overcome the impact of serumen with home remedies

Home remedies to overcome prop shavings are common. The treatment options mentioned above can be available with or without a prescription.

You can perform the steps below to resolve the prop exclamation point independently:

  • Soften the shavings by dripping a few drops of baby oil, mineral oil, glycerin, or hydrogen peroxide in your ear canal.
  • When the shavings have softened, gently insert warm water into your ears.
  • Remove the flute by tilting your head and pull your outer ear forward and back to straighten the ear canal. Then, tilt your head to release the water.
  • When you’re done, dry your ears with a clean towel.


Complications of Earwax Buildup

Problems can occur if earwax is not removed carefully and correctly. These include:

  • Perforated eardrum
  • Middle ear infection
  • External- ear infection ( swimmer’s ear )
  • Permanent hearing loss due to acoustic trauma

You may need to repeat the steps above to make sure the prop shavings are out of the ear. If symptoms do not improve after home treatment, consult your doctor.

Earwax cleaning equipment available in stores is also effective for eliminating the impact of serumen. Discuss with your doctor how to choose and use how to treat earwax that is right for your condition.

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