Coconut is the most commonly recognized and found plant in the community. The spread of coconut plants is almost all over the region, and the population will never be able to live without coconuts. Do you know the world’s largest coconut producer? Find out in this article about coconut oil utilized in countries India and the Philippines.
Unfortunately, with the advantages of coconut production volume, Indonesia is still inferior to other countries in exporting coconut, especially India and the Philippines. Many do not realize that Indonesia has the export power of this coconut. Moreover, many also do not know that coconut trees can be processed in all parts. Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) or pure coconut oil is a popular healthy food product. Because it is believed to have health benefits.
Then what is the difference with ordinary coconut oil?
Ordinary coconut oil is coconut oil extracted from coconut meat and distilled for oil. This coconut oil does not contain coconut meat at all.
The difference between ordinary coconut oil and VCO lies in its extraction techniques. Coconut oil or copra (dried coconut that has been taken fibers and shells) can be extracted or taken oil using cold milling or cold complication.
This extraction process also includes some chemicals such as moisturizing ingredients about 6% in it. This is what makes the purity of coconut oil doubtful. Meanwhile, the process of extracting VCO is slightly different. Because the oil is extracted from fresh coconut milk.
The VCO manufacturing process also goes through several stages. Starting from the fermentation process, churning (centrifugal separation), cooling, and also provide enzyme action to produce the separation of oil from water or moisturizer.
In some companies, even VCO is made from fresh coconut that is boiled first to vaporize water. In addition to the differences in the extraction process, the VCO process also has other differences. Like the whole coconut and its tools should not be exposed to heat at all.
A good VCO-making company will pay attention to every material and manufacturing tool so as not to be exposed to machine heat or solar heat at all. Sometimes, all coconuts and machines are designed in cold conditions. This process is called Micro-expelling. Unfortunately, the difference between the two cannot be seen with the naked eye.
Although there are differences such as the presence of particles, colloids, and humidity levels, as well as the clarity of oil. However, careful observation is required. Coconut oil usually precipitates fatty acids in it.
Colloids are a mixture of two substances or a dispersion system whose particle size is larger than a solution, but smaller than a suspension.
Unlike VCO, this oil is very clear even like the water. The colors of the two also differ depending on the manufacturing process. In terms of aroma, VCO has a fresh coconut aroma, because it is made from pure fresh coconut. VCO is rich in vitamin E and minerals, which are not present in ordinary coconut oil. Also, Virgin Coconut Oil is great for moisturizers, as it has more antioxidants than regular coconut oil.
Because of the long process causes expensive VCO. Indonesia is one of the most VCO-producing countries. Also produced by the Philippines, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, India, and several other tropical countries VCO oil is now favored by many countries and made a promising commodity.
To furthermore, the famous coconut oil in the country where you can find out in Coconut Oil Utilized In Countries India And Sri Lanka is to explain this oil is naturally flavored and has flavor, your tongue will be able to receive the taste of coconut oil.
Here’s about coconut production in India and the Philippines
Coconut production in India
Coconut production plays an important role in India’s national economy. According to figures published by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, India is one of the world’s largest producers of coconuts, with a turnover of 11,706,343 tonnes (11,521,459 long tons) in 2018.
The traditional areas of coconut cultivation are the states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. Also, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, Gujarat, Puducherry and Goa, and the island areas of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar are other coconut producing regions.
Coconut production in the Philippines
Coconut production plays an important role in the Philippine national economy. In December 2009 from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, it’s the world’s biggest manufacturer of coconuts, making 19.500.000 tons in 2009. Production in the Philippines is generally concentrated in medium farms.
According to the United Nations, coconut production in the Philippines grew at a rate of 5.3 percent annually from 1911-1929 and increased by 3.5 percent from 1966-1970.
In 2012, the Philippines exported more than 1.5 million metric tons of copra, coconut oil, copra flour, dried coconut, coconut shell charcoal, activated carbon, and coconut fiber chemicals, an increase of 1.49% compared to the volume exported in 2011.
Copra (dried coconut) and dried coconut accounted for about 6.7% of the Philippines’ exports.
Why is coconut so important to the Philippines?
About 25% of agricultural land is planted with coconut trees, and it is estimated that between 25% and 33% of the population depends at least partly on coconuts for their livelihoods. Southern Bicol areas of Luzon and Eastern Visayas were the centres of coconut production. In the 1980s, Western Mindanao and Southern Mindanao were also important areas producing coconuts.
In the early 1990s, the average coconut grove was a medium-sized unit with an area of fewer than four hectares. Landlords, often absent, usually hire local farmers to collect coconuts rather than engage in rental relationships. The villagers are paid per unit.
Those working in the coconut industry tend to be lower educated and older than the average person in the rural labor force and on a lower-than-average income.
What about oil earnings in the Philippines?
When coconut prices began to fall in the early 1980s, pressure increased to change the structure of the industry. In 1985, the Philippine government agreed to dissolve United Coconut Oil Mills as part of a deal with the IMF to save the Philippine economy.
Then in 1988, a United States law requiring foods that use tropical oils to be labeled as hurting an already ailing industry and prompted protests from coconut farmers that similar requirements were not imposed on oil produced in temperate climates.
By 1995, coconut production in the Philippines had experienced annual growth of 6.5% and then surpassed Indonesia in total world production.
Facts about coconut oil which you may Not understand
Coconut oil is believed to have a good nutrient content for consumption. In some countries such as in Asia, coconut oil is already part of the diet of some people there because it is believed that coconut oil is good for health.
Here are the advantages and disadvantages of coconut oil in India and the Philippines
Noncommercial pure coconut oil
Studies on several people who consume coconut and coconut oil as part of daily diets such as India, the Philippines, and Polynesia, do show low rates of cardiovascular disease. But it also depends on the type of coconut. Most of the coconut oil they consume is also homemade, not the result of commercial products.
Bad LDL cholesterol increases
A short-term test on 9-83 volunteers proved that when compared to consuming butter or unsaturated fats such as olive oil, coconut oil can raise overall cholesterol levels of both HDL and LDL. The rate of increase is almost the same as if consuming saturated fats such as cow fat and palm oil.
Less good for the heart
The American Heart Association issued a scientific statement in 2017 that coconut oil is a saturated oil that is not good for the heart. For those at risk or have heart disease, consumption of saturated fats is recommended no more than 6% of total calories or about 13 grams based on a diet of 2,000 calories. A tablespoon of coconut oil contains about 12 grams of saturated fat.
High in calories
Coconut oil contains as many calories and total fat as found in other fat sources, which is about 120 calories and 14 grams of fat per tablespoon. Coconut oil does have a unique and savory taste. If you want to consume it, it is recommended only in small quantities to bake and cook healthy and not very frequent food.
Pure coconut oil will melt at a temperature of about 25 degrees Celsius. Before wearing it, stir first. If you want to use coconut oil instead of butter, researchers recommend using 25% less than the usual volume of butter. Sautéing vegetables with a tablespoon of pure coconut oil can enrich the taste of food.
Great for hair and skin
Despite stating more of the negative impact if eaten directly, researchers acknowledge that coconut oil is still beneficial for maintaining moisture in hair and skin. Especially for dry hair, apply coconut oil to taste and leave for a while as needed, then rinse.