Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms Swollen Ankles Pictures: And “What are the 4 Stages of Congestive Heart Failure”

Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms Swollen Ankles Pictures

Heart failure can happen to anyone. Swollen legs are a sign of heart problems, including heart failure. Heart failure is a condition when the heart weakens. In this condition, the heart is unable to pump blood and oxygen effectively to all organs of the body. Swollen legs are one of the causes. Find more about Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms Swollen Ankles Pictures.

In this article, you will find a lot of information that can help you to solve your problem. You will know about early signs or even heart failure getting worse. Besides that, there are facts about congestive heart failure, that you didn’t know before.


What is Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure does not mean the heart has stopped working, but rather the failure of the heart to pump the blood supply that the body needs. This occurs due to abnormalities in the heart muscles, so the heart cannot work normally.

So far, congestive heart failure (CHF) is described as a condition when the heart stops beating. Heart failure indicates the inability of the heart to pump blood or the inability of the heart to meet the normal blood quota that the body needs.

Congestive heart failure can occur suddenly (acute) or develop slowly due to a weakened (chronic) heart condition. Both are serious conditions that require emergency medical treatment.


The Process of Congestive Heart Failure

The heart has four chambers that have their respective duties, namely the right and left atrium which are at the top, and the right and left ventricles which are at the bottom.

Based on the location of the heart chambers, congestive heart failure can be divided into three types, namely:


Congestive heart failure on the left

In patients with left-sided congestive heart failure, the left ventricle of the heart does not function properly. This section is supposed to drain blood throughout the body through the aorta, then forward to the arteries.

Because the function of the left ventricle does not run optimally, there is an increase in pressure in the left atrium and the surrounding blood vessels. This condition creates a buildup of fluid in the lungs, abdominal cavity, and legs, and even affects the function of the kidneys in removing sodium and water.

In some cases, the inability of the left ventricle of the heart to relax can also be the cause of left-sided congestive heart failure. Because it is unable to relax, there is a buildup of blood when the heart exerts back pressure to fill the heart chambers.


Right side congestive heart failure

This type of congestive heart failure occurs when the right ventricle of the heart has difficulty pumping blood to the lungs. As a result, blood returns to the veins or veins, causing fluid to build up in the abdomen and other body parts, such as the legs.

Right congestive heart failure often begins with left congestive heart failure, in which there is excess pressure in the lungs. This excess pressure interferes with the ability of the right side of the heart to pump blood to the lungs. However, right congestive heart failure can also occur due to pulmonary hypertension that is not accompanied by left heart failure.


Mixed congestive heart failure

This condition occurs when a person experiences left and right congestive heart failure simultaneously. Usually, congestive heart failure starts on the left, then spreads to the right if not treated.


Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure

There are several symptoms that can be experienced by someone suffering from congestive heart failure. In the early stages, the symptoms may not have an impact on general health conditions. However, as the condition worsens, the symptoms will become more pronounced.

There are at least three stages of symptoms that can be experienced by a patient with congestive heart failure, namely:


Early stage symptoms

At this stage, the patient experiences the following symptoms:

  • Swelling of the feet and ankles
  • Easily tired, especially after doing physical activity
  • Significant weight gain
  • Frequent urination, especially at night


Symptoms as conditions get worse

If the patient’s condition continues to worsen, the following symptoms will appear:

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Cough due to swelling of the lungs
  • Breath sounds or wheezing
  • Shortness of breath when doing light physical activity or when lying down
  • Difficult to do activities because the body will quickly feel tired


Symptoms of severe congestive heart failure

If treatment is not immediately carried out, congestive heart failure can become severe. If it is severe, there are several symptoms that the sufferer can experience, namely:

  • Pain in the chest that radiates to the upper body. This condition can also indicate a heart attack
  • Cyanosis or bluish skin, because the lungs are deprived of oxygen
  • Inhale becomes short and fast
  • Faint

In conditions of severe congestive heart failure, symptoms will be felt when the body is at rest. At this stage, people with congestive heart failure will have difficulty in carrying out daily activities.


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