Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms Swollen Ankles Pictures: And “What are the 4 Stages of Congestive Heart Failure”

Conditions That Can Cause Congestive Heart Failure

A person who has congestive heart failure needs to be aware of the safety of his life. Patients must immediately undergo treatment or will be faced with several risks of complications, namely:


Failure of other organs

One of the organs that will malfunction when congestive heart failure occurs is the kidney. This occurs due to reduced blood flow to the kidneys. If not treated, the sufferer will experience kidney damage or kidney failure.

In addition to the kidneys, another organ that can experience impaired function due to congestive kidney failure is the liver.


Heart valve disorders

Congestive heart failure can cause the heart to enlarge or increase the heart’s blood flow pressure. This condition over time can cause heart valve disorders.



Arrhythmias occur due to disturbances in the heart’s electrical flow, which regulates the rhythm and beat of the heart. When people with congestive heart failure suffer from arrhythmias, they are at high risk of stroke. Patients are also prone to blockage of blood vessels due to the formation of blood clots.


Sudden cardiac arrest

One of the dangerous complications to watch out for in congestive heart failure is sudden cardiac arrest. When heart function is disturbed and not treated immediately, the heart’s performance will experience a drastic decline and are at risk of sudden cardiac arrest.

In fact, patients with congestive heart failure are 6–9 times more likely to experience sudden cardiac arrest than patients with arrhythmias.

There is no specific treatment that can be done to treat congestive heart failure. However, some types of medication can help sufferers go about their daily activities with fewer symptoms.

The treatment will be adjusted by the doctor based on the severity of congestive heart failure experienced. In addition, a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and eating a balanced nutritious diet also needs to be done to maintain your heart health.

If you feel symptoms of heart problems, especially those that lead to congestive heart failure, immediately consult a doctor so that they can be treated immediately and prevent further complications.


Warning Signs of Heart Failure

Other than edema there are other signs of heart disease, such as:

  • Wheezing or shortness of breath can occur during exercise or while lying down. You should seek immediate medical attention if you feel short of breath or unable to sleep.
  • Stomach upset: This can be caused by a bloated stomach, nausea, or a loss of appetite.
  • Confusion: This is because your brain doesn’t get enough oxygen-rich blood.
  • Swelling: Your feet, ankles, or stomach may become swollen. Sudden weight gain is also possible.
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Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms Swollen Ankles Pictures: And "What are the 4 Stages of Congestive Heart Failure"

What are the 4 Stages of Congestive Heart Failure

Heart Failure is a long-term illness that becomes more severe over time. Heart failure is characterized by four different stages (Stage A B, C, as well as D). The stages vary between “high likelihood of developing heart failure” through “advanced heart failure” and will provide treatment options. Consult your physician about the state of the heart you’re in. The stages differ in comparison to New York Heart Association (NYHA) classifications for the heart (Class I-II-III-IV) which reflect the severity of the symptoms or functional limitations caused by heart failure.

As the condition becomes more severe as the condition gets worse, your heart muscle pumps less blood to organs and you are able to move towards another stage of failing. You are not able to go back through the stages. For instance, when you are currently in Stage B you can’t return to Stage A. The aim of treatment is either to prevent you from progressing through stages or to slow the progress.

Treatment for every phase of heart disease can include changes in medications lifestyle habits, medications, and devices for the heart. You may examine your treatment plans against the guidelines to treat each of these stages of heart disease. The treatment options described are based on current guidelines for treatment. The table offers a simple program of care that may be applicable to you. If you have questions about any aspect of your treatment plan consult a member of your medical team.


Heart Failure Stages

Stage A

Stage A is referred to as pre-heart failure. This means that you are at a high chance of suffering from heart failure because of a history of family members with heart failure or one or more of these medical conditions:

  • Hypertension.
  • Diabetes.
  • Coronary arterial disease.
  • Metabolic syndrome.
  • The history of alcohol use.
  • The history of rheumatic fever.
  • A family medical history of the condition.
  • The history of taking medications that could damage muscles in the heart for example certain cancer drugs.
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The Stage A Treatment

The typical treatment regimen for patients suffering from stage A heart failure is:

  • Regular exercise, active, walking daily.
  • Quitting smoking.
  • The treatment for hypertension (medication or diet with low sodium, active lifestyle).
  • Treatment to lower cholesterol.
  • Do not drink alcohol or use recreational substances.
  • The effects of medication:

Angiotensin converts enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) or an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) in the event of coronary artery disease and diabetes or high blood pressure and other cardiac or vascular ailments.

Beta-blocker for those with excessive blood pressure.


Stage B

Stage B is thought to be an indication of a pre-heart condition. It is when you’ve been diagnosed with left systolic ventricle dysfunction but hasn’t suffered from any symptoms that suggest heart problems. The majority of people suffering from Stage B heart failure have an echocardiogram (echo) which shows an Ejection Fraction (EF) in the range of 40 percent or less. This includes those who suffer from heart failure and decreased EEF (HF rEF) because of any cause.


The Stage B Treatment

The standard treatment for patients suffering from stage B of heart failure comprises:

  • The treatments listed at Stage A.
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) (if you’re not using one in your treatment strategy).
  • Beta-blocker medication if you’ve had a heart attack in the past and the EF has been reduced to 40% or less (if you’re not using one in your stage A program).
  • Aldosterone antagonists if you’ve suffered a heart attack, or if you suffer from diabetes and have an EF of 35 percent or less (to lower the chance for your heart’s muscles becoming larger and not pumping properly).
  • The possibility of surgery or intervention could be an option to treat coronary blockage in the artery and heart attack and valve diseases (you might require valve replacement or repair procedure) and congenital heart diseases.


Stage C

Patients suffering from Stage C heart failure have been diagnosed as having heart failure. They have (currently) or have (previously) symptoms and signs of the disease.

There are a variety of possible signs that indicate heart disease. The most common are:

  • Breathing shortness.
  • Tiredness (fatigue).
  • Not capable of exercising.
  • Legs that are weak.
  • Urinating in the morning.
  • Ankles, feet, lower legs, and abdomen (edema).


Stage C Therapy

The typical treatment for patients suffering from Stage C HF-rEF consists of:

  • The treatments are listed in stages A and B.
  • Beta-blocker (if you’re not taking any) to make your heart muscle pump harder.
  • Aldosterone antagonist (if you’re not taking one) in the event that vasodilators (ACE-I ARB, ACE-I, and angiotensin-receptor/neprilysin inhibition mixture) and beta-blocker do not alleviate your symptoms.
  • Hydralazine/nitrate mixture when other treatments aren’t able to alleviate your symptoms. Patients of African descent are advised to take this medicine (even when they are taking other vasodilator medicines) in the event of moderate to severe symptoms.
  • The use of medicines that slow down the heart rate when you have a heartbeat greater than 70 beats/minute and you have not resolved the symptoms.
  • The diuretic (“water pill”) is a medication that can be prescribed in the event of persistent symptoms.
  • Restrict sodium (salt) in your diet. Consult your physician or nurse about your daily allowance is.
  • Track your weight daily. Inform your doctor when you lose or gain over 4 pounds of the “dry” body weight.
  • Possible fluid restriction. Talk to your doctor or nurse about the amount of fluid you should be taking in daily. is.
  • Possible therapy for cardiac synchronization (biventricular pacemaker).
  • Potential implantable cardio defibrillator (lCD) treatment.
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In the event that the treatment results in your symptoms getting better or cease the symptoms, you should keep undergoing treatment to slow the progress into stage D.


Stage D and E with reduced

Patients suffering from Stage D HF-rEF suffer from advanced symptoms that cannot improve with treatment. This is the last stage of heart failure.


Treatment for Stage D

The standard treatment regimen for patients suffering from Stage D heart failure includes:

  • Treatments are listed in Stages A, B, and C.
  • Evaluation to determine advanced treatment options which include:
  • Heart transplant.
  • Ventricular assist devices.
  • Heart surgery.
  • Continuous infusion of intravenous nitropin drugs.
  • Hospice or palliative treatment.
  • Research treatments.


A and D, with preserved EF

The treatment for those suffering from stage C or Stage D heart failure and preserved EF (HF-pEF) includes:

  • Treatments included in Stages A as well as B.
  • Treatment with medications for medical conditions that may cause heart problems or make the problem worse, like atrial fibrillation and high blood pressure obesity, diabetes coronary artery disease chronic lung disease and high cholesterol, as well as kidney disease.
  • Diuretic (“water pill”) to lessen or ease symptoms.

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