Constant Diarrhea But Not Sick: Causes and Symptoms or chronic diarrhea is diarrhea that lasts longer, which is more than 2 weeks. Diarrhea itself is a symptom of a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that causes a person’s stool to turn diluted and watery.
In addition to changes in the shape of the stool, diarrhea is also characterized by stomach heartburn due to the movement of the gastrointestinal tract that becomes more active. Diarrhea that lasts a short time is usually not a serious medical condition. Conversely, diarrhea that lasts a long time and is not handled properly, can be life-threatening.
Can diarrhea cause death?
Dysentery causes diarrhea which if it occurs continuously, to the potential to cause death. The reason is because during diarrhea, the body loses a lot of fluids and ions so that the patient is prone to dehydration.
What constant diarrhea but not sick?
When fluid levels in the body are reduced, the balance of ions is disturbed. As a result, the function of organs and tissues of the body can not work optimally. If dehydration develops more severely, the person has the potential to experience serious complications such as impaired function.
- Metabolic acidosis
- Hypovolemic shock due to excessive fluid loss.
It was this shock that triggered the loss of consciousness to death. Therefore, diarrhea that occurs during dysentery cannot be taken lightly.
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How to Avoid The Fatal Effects Of Diarrhea?
The key is to maintain a balance of fluids and ions during diarrhea. Therefore, diarrhea sufferers are required to meet their fluid intake with drinks that contain not only water, but also ions.
The goal is to restore the lost ions and maintain their balance in the body. When diarrhea is caused by dysentery, the consumption of antibiotics prescribed by the doctor until exhausted and the consumption of ors.
What causes chronic diarrhea?
Chronic diarrhea is a symptom of a disease. Therefore, it is very important to identify the cause of the occurrence of this condition. Some diseases that can cause chronic diarrhea, are:
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the common causes of chronic diarrhea. Symptoms of IBS are abdominal pain that disappears at least three days each month, accompanied by changes in bowel patterns (becoming diluted or hard). In this condition, abdominal pain is usually reduced after the stool comes out. IBS can be triggered by emotional stress or a history of infection depending on your condition.
What are the symptoms of chronic diarrhea?
In addition to stools becoming diluted and increased urge to defecate, chronic diarrhea can also be accompanied by:
- Stomach cramps
- Severe abdominal pain
- Vomiting blood or bloody bowel movements
- Night sweats
Diagnosis of Chronic Diarrhea
The diagnosis process aims to find the cause of chronic diarrhea. In addition to symptoms, medical history, and physical examination, supporting examinations need to be done. These include:
- Stool test
- Blood test
- Biopsy, by taking a sample of certain tissues from within the gastrointestinal tract
- Endoscopy, which is a visual examination of the condition of the gastrointestinal tract with a special tool called an endoscope
- Scans, such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIS.
Chronic Diarrhea Treatment
Treatment of chronic diarrhea is done by treating diseases that cause diarrhea, as well as administering medications to relieve symptoms, such as bismuth and loperamide.
Chronic diarrhea due to bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics. While diarrhea that appears caused by parasitic infections, can be treated using antiparasitic drugs.
If chronic diarrhea occurs due to inflammation of the intestines, treatment can be anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs to lower the immune system, to surgery.
The doctor will also recommend patients with chronic diarrhea to change their diet, whether it is to treat the cause of diarrhea itself or help healing.
Patients suffering from chronic diarrhea due to impaired absorption of nutrients, will be asked to avoid foods that can trigger diarrhea. An example is avoiding dairy products for people with lactose intolerance. While in people with chronic diarrhea due to celiac disease, the doctor will recommend avoiding foods containing gluten, such as bread.
In addition, people with chronic diarrhea are recommended to:
- Eating foods low in fiber
- Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration
- Avoid caffeinated and alcoholic beverages
- Don’t overeat
Complications of Chronic Diarrhea
The main complication that can arise from chronic diarrhea is dehydration due to the loss of large amounts of fluids. Dehydration that is not handled properly can be life-threatening. People with chronic diarrhea should be alert and consult a doctor immediately if symptoms of dehydration appear, such as:
- Dark-colored urine
- Often feeling thirsty
Chronic Diarrhea Prevention
Chronic diarrhea caused by infectious diseases, especially bacteria or parasites, can be avoided with the following steps:
- Drinking clean water or boiled water
- Clean the ingredients well before cooking
- Cooking food, especially meat, until perfectly cooked
- Wash your hands after using the toilet, change diapers, or visit the sick.