Diet for gout patient handout is not a cure to overcome this disease. However, maintaining a suitable diet and avoiding uric acid abstinence can prevent the attack of this disease.
Besides, the discipline of running the right diet can also slow down joint damage due to this disease. Here is the description related to the principle of a low purine diet, foods that need to be consumed by people with gout, and abstinence from uric acid sufferers.
What causes gout?
Uric acid is a dangerous disease, which can lead to heart problems, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, stroke, osteoporosis, throat disorders, and vision impairment.
Uric acid is produced by the body itself, as a residual metabolism of protein foods containing purines. Below are the causes of uric acid:
Kidneys as an important organ in the body responsible for regulating uric acid levels in the blood. The trick is to regulate the disposal through urine. Hyperuricemia can occur, when the discharge through the kidneys is reduced and the production of uric acid is very excessive.
Drink at least 1.5 liters of water per day, and avoid beverages such as alcohol, dairy products, overly sweetened, and high-caffeine drinks.
As mentioned earlier, foods with purine content will increase uric acid levels. Therefore, patients should reduce the consumption of foods containing purines, such as meat (beef, goat, pork), offal (liver, intestines, pulp, lungs), sardines, anchovies, mackerel, and shellfish.
Also reduce the consumption of vegetables that cause uric acids, such as asparagus, chickpeas, kale, cassava leaves, and spinach. Then the fruit containing purines as well, namely jackfruit and durian.
The next cause of uric acid, namely when some family members have uric acid problems, then the risk is higher for you to experience the same problem.
Consumption of Drugs
Some types of drugs can increase uric acid levels, such as cyclosporin, diuretic, aspirin, and some chemotherapy drugs. Other causes are, from the healing process of injury or after surgery, as well as certain medical conditions, such as high cholesterol, diabetes, leukemia, anemia, sleep apnea, and hypertension.
Being overweight or overweight from your normal limits becomes the next cause of uric acid. This condition makes it difficult for the kidneys to remove uric acid from the body.
You need to know ginseng benefits for gout, ginseng contains complex substances, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidants. It also has much bioactive content such as phytosterols, peptides, minerals, and others.
Why Uric Acid Often Relapses at Night?
Attacks of uric acid disease, often relapse at night. This condition is characterized by severe pain in one of the joints until you often wake up from sleep.
Research proves that uric acid disease, otherwise known as gout, often relapses at night — precisely between 00.00 pm to 07.59 am. Reportedly, gout attacks occur 2.4 times more at night in those hours. Generally, the affected joint is the big toe, although it can also occur in other joints, such as the knee or ankle.
Causes of recurrence at night
The first possible cause is a change in body temperature at night. During the day, between 10 am and 6 am, body temperatures ranged from 37.50C. Body temperatures can drop to almost 10C to 36.40C between 2 am and 6 am.
Well, a cooler body temperature at night is believed to facilitate the formation of uric acid crystals. Uric acid crystals have a sharp tip, so when gathered on the joints can cause severe pain.
The second possibility relates to the hydration status of the body during sleep. During sleep, you do not drink until the body is relatively dehydrated.
Besides, certain sleep positions may be related to local dehydration of the area around the joints. Both of these conditions can contribute to the recurrence of uric acid disease more often at night.
Furthermore, there may be an association with the hormonal state of the body at night. Naturally, the body’s cortisol levels will reach their lowest point between 12:00 p.m. and 4 a.m.
This hormone plays a role against inflammation, which may arise if the immune system tries to cope with the appearance of uric acid crystals. When cortisol levels are low at night, pain from gout attacks is also prone to occur.
And lastly, it is believed that there is a link between gout attacks and sleep apnea conditions.
Sleep apnea can cause the body to lack oxygen or hypoxia, which can further increase the turnover of nucleotides as DNA-forming units.
This condition produces more metabolic results in the form of uric acid. The condition of sleep apnea itself is more commonly found in men with obesity, which is often also a feature of people with gout.
How to deal with uric acid?
Ginger has been used as a spice to enhance the taste of food also has many properties. Anti-inflammatory content in ginger is believed to be able to relieve pain due to swelling of uric acid.
How to Process Ginger
Ginger that has been cleaned, then shredded.
Mix a tablespoon of grated ginger with warm water.
Compress the body parts that experience pain due to uric acid with a towel or cloth that has been soaked in ginger water.
Compress for 30 minutes.
You can also consume two to three glasses of ginger drink per day to reduce the pain caused by gout.
Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables Vitamin C
Some studies show that vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C can reduce uric acid levels in the body. Fruits that should be consumed by the sufferer are oranges, lemons, kiwis, papayas, pineapples, guava, watermelons, and manga.
Furthermore, this type of vegetable is good for people with gout, such as broccoli, potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, and cauliflower.
Similar to ginger, turmeric is believed to reduce joint pain due to uric acid, as an anti-inflammatory because it contains curcumin.
Pharmacy and Pharmacology Magazine, Hasanudin University, Obtained that the administration of ethanol extract of white rhizomes significantly influenced in lowering uric acid levels with a dose of 3.6 g / 1.5 KGB gives a noticeable effect.
Papaya Seed Consumption
You can consume papaya seeds by eating directly without chewing, using water like taking medicine. in the form of juice can also be drunk. The administration of papaya seed juice for 30 days at a dose of 400 mg/day effectively lowers uric acid levels, Journal of Nutrition College, Diponegoro University.
Cherry Fruit Consumption
Cherries have a high content of vitamins and antioxidants, able to prevent excessive production of uric acid. This has been proven in the Journal of Arthritis and Rheumatism 2012.
Those are some of the causes of uric acid that you can pay attention to, as prevention and reduce the risk that has been experienced so far. Practice and try healthy menus to overcome uric acid quickly and naturally.
Diet for gout patient handout
The diet for uric acid patient papers also teaches you how to keep your body properly hydrated so you can avoid uric acid levels from rising above normal levels.
The first phase of the diet for gout patients involves a four-day fast followed by a maintenance diet.
the diet for gout patients involves a four-day fast followed by a maintenance diet. Part of the diet for gout patients involves drinking water, baking soda, and lemon juice. Each of these items should be avoided to eliminate uric acid because it causes high levels of uric acid.
The second phase of the diet for gout patients involves post-fasting protocols.
You may not fast again before or after the protocol is complete. You should also consume small amounts of protein every day. It is recommended that you receive unlimited amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables every day as they contain the most nutrients.
Some of the drugs used to treat uric acid are Humira, Zovirax, and other anti-uric acid drugs. In some cases, patients can also be given anti guanidine tablets. In the diet for gout patients, there is also the suggestion that patients should increase their daily water intake by one glass per day. It helps eliminate uric acid in the urine.
Here’s the diet food for a gout patient
for diet food gout patients include avoiding certain types of red meat, especially games and beef; reduce the amount of lamb you consume; avoid foods high in trans fats, and reduce the consumption of alcoholic beverages.
If you eat one of these items, simply limit the portion size. Increasing the amount of fruit and vegetables you eat is also recommended. Drinking 64 ounces of water every day is highly recommended. These tips will help you find diet foods for uric acid that will help you reduce your uric acid attacks.
How much nutrition for gout patients?
Several types of foods should be avoided when you follow a diet for gout patients. You have to make a difference between your food, snacks, and drinks. Your nutritionist will help you with a customized nutrition plan.
In general, you need to eat more protein and less fat. You should also eat more fruits and vegetables. When it comes to drinks, you should avoid high alcohol content.