Do you know? what is residual schizophrenia? Characterized by the impaired mind, abnormal behavior, and antisocial, schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder that makes it difficult for sufferers to distinguish between reality and delusion.
Do you know? what is residual schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder characterized by several symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, concentration, and lack of motivation. Schizophrenia is different from multiple personalities. Most people with schizophrenia are not people who are aggressive towards others, instead withdraw from society and have difficulty doing social interactions.
The tendency of people with schizophrenia is increased stress and emotional distress when having to share their time with others. People with schizophrenia often have difficulty understanding the social situation and what others think. How to read the tone of voice and facial expressions is a difficulty for people with schizophrenia, so they choose to stay away rather than disrupt communication in social interactions.
Why is it difficult for people with schizophrenia to have social interactions?
schizophrenics cannot engage in social interaction because they often hallucinate and delusional. Delusions are one type of serious mental disorder known as psychosis. Psychosis is characterized by the continuity between thought, imagination, and emotion, and actual reality. So in the end it makes it difficult for people with schizophrenia to socialize with others because they see what is not seen by others and does not exist.
Hallucinations can be distinguished by their type, namely:
Visual hallucination sufferers will see something that doesn’t exist. Objects seen can be human, object, or light.
Sufferers of auditory hallucinations will hear sounds, commands, or threats that do not exist.
Sufferers of olfactory hallucinations will smell a fragrant smell or an unpleasant smell, when in fact the smell does not exist.
Sufferers of this type of hallucinations will taste strange, such as metal flavors, in the food or drink they consume when the taste is non-existent.
The sufferer feels as if someone has groped or touched him, or feels like an animal is crawling on his skin, when in fact there is none.
How common is this disease?
World Health Organization (WHO) data says schizophrenia is a chronic and serious mental condition affecting about 20 million people worldwide. A person with this condition is also 2-3 times more likely to die earlier than the general population, due to other serious medical conditions that often occur simultaneously, such as heart disease or diabetes.
As for people with mental illness, this affects women and men equally. However, in many cases, men feel symptoms of schizophrenia earlier than women.
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Types of schizophrenia
There are several types of schizophrenia that may occur in a person. Here are the types in question:
Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common type. The most characteristic symptoms of this breed are delusions and hallucinations. Not only that, but sufferers of this condition are also unable to control their behavior. As a result, paranoid schizophrenics often behave inappropriately, having difficulty controlling their emotions, desires, and desires.
The opposite of paranoid, catatonic schizophrenia is the rarest type. This condition is generally characterized by unusual, limited, and sudden movements. Sufferers may often switch from very active to very silent and vice versa. They may not talk much, but they also often imitate speech or other gestures.
Schizophrenia is not differentiated
This type is characterized by various symptoms of other types of schizophrenia. Sufferers may become speech-free or express themselves, but they can also become confused or paranoid.
People with schizoaffective disorder generally experience delusions (waham) and other symptoms of schizophrenia but are also accompanied by one or more symptoms of mood disorders. These include depression as well as mania or hypomania.
Signs and symptoms of residual schizophrenia?
What are the characteristics and symptoms of residual schizophrenia?
Symptoms of schizophrenia vary by type and severity. But, there are a Few of the most Common symptoms:
These hallucination symptoms are usually characterized by frequent hearing, seeing, kissing, or feeling things that are not real. However, among all of them, hearing unreal sounds is the most frequent sign.
Schizophrenics often have strong beliefs about something wrong, such as feeling that someone else wants to harm or kill themselves. This symptom will have a direct impact on the behavior of the sufferer.
Muddled thoughts and confusing speech
People with this condition often find it difficult to set their minds. They may not understand what you’re talking about when you ask her to talk. Not only that, when they speak, they often make unreasonable remarks and sound confusing.
This includes problems in attention, concentration, and memory. People with schizophrenia generally experience symptoms such as difficulty focusing and concentration and are unable to process information to make good decisions.
Some people with this condition often seem agitated or do silly things like children. They also often perform the same movements repeatedly or excessively.
Besides, symptoms, signs, or other features of schizophrenia can also include:
- Lack of interest in things that used to be very likable.
- Do not care about cleanliness and appearance of self.
- Withdrawal from social surroundings, such as friends and family.
- Difficulty sleeping or changing sleep patterns.
- Very sensitive and has a depressed mood change or mood.
- Unresponsive to the surrounding environment
- Deficiency of motivation in living life, such as establishing relationships with others.
- Difficulty expressing and showing emotions.
- Fear of crowded public places.
- Paranoid, such as excessive anxiety, believing himself to have special abilities or have certain diseases that are not actually in him.
The above symptoms are sometimes difficult to recognize because they are usually common in adolescents. As a result, many people consider that these symptoms are common in the adolescent phase.
In men, symptoms of the disease usually begin in the early to mid-20s. While in women, symptoms usually begin in their late 20s. Children and seniors over 45 rarely have this condition.
There may be some signs and symptoms that are not included above. If you have any concerns about certain symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.
Causes of schizophrenia
To date, experts have not known what causes a person to have schizophrenia. However, the researchers believe that several things can trigger this disease. Some of the things that can be the cause of schizophrenia are:
Problems with chemicals in the brain
Unbalanced levels of dopamine and glutamate in the brain are believed by experts to cause the disease.
Differences in brain structure
The study of brain neural scanners showed differences in the brain structure and central nervous system of people with the disease. The researchers aren’t sure why that could happen, but they say that this psychiatric disorder is linked to brain disease.
Genetic or hereditary factors can be the cause of schizophrenia. So, if one of your core families is affected by this disease, you are at high risk of experiencing the same thing.
These include getting a viral infection and lacking some nutrients while still in the womb, or being in a stressful environment and resulting in stress.
Misuse of illegal drugs, such as narcotics is said to be the cause of schizophrenia.
Risk factors for schizophrenia
Several factors can increase a person’s risk of developing the disease. The following are the risk factors for schizophrenia in question:
- Have a family with a history of schizophrenia.
- Viral infections, poisoning, and malnutrition while still in the womb, especially at the age of the first 6 months.
- Taking mind-altering drugs (psychoactive or psychotropic) during adolescence and young adulthood.
- Have an autoimmune disease.
How to treat schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a completely incurable disease. However, the symptoms of this disease can be treated with various treatments, so that the sufferer can be easier to undergo activities.
People with this condition can be treated by an experienced psychiatrist and psychologist. In many cases, hospital treatment is necessary for patient hygiene, nutrition and safety to be ensured. In general, some treatment options for schizophrenia are:
Drugs play an important role to help control the symptoms of the disease. The commonly prescribed schizophrenic drug is antipsychotics, which work by affecting dopamine in the brain so that it can help alleviate symptoms.
Schizophrenia drugs can be used via oral or injection. If the symptoms are mild, the doctor will give oral medication. However, if the patient develops severe symptoms making it difficult to regulate, the doctor will deliver the drug by injection or injection.
After being given medication, schizophrenia sufferers generally need psychological and social (psychosocial) treatment or therapy. This type of treatment can help people with schizophrenia to carry out daily activities, including work, schooling, doing social activities, to establish relationships.
Tips for treating people with schizophrenia at home
Living in a house with people who have this disease is not an easy thing. You need some strategies to guide and deal with the patient to speed up the recovery process. Tips or guidelines for treating people with schizophrenia are:
- Learn about the disease as best you can
- Consult a psychiatrist or local aid agency
- Guide patients to get medical treatment
- Always accompany the patient