Having a busy daily activity, especially having to be in front of the computer for hours, certainly causes the eyes to become tired and even potentially dry. This condition will be more serious to chronic if not treated quickly. Find causes and what to do for the best treatment in Dry Eyes: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, and Treatment (Easy to Use at Work & Home)
Dry eyes definition
Dry eyes, also known as dry eye syndrome, are conditions when the eyes cannot produce tears as they should, or when tears cannot work properly to lubricate the eyes.
This condition often causes discomfort. In some cases, dry eyes can affect the quality of vision.
What are the symptoms?
Common symptoms of dry eye sufferers include:
- Red eyes
- Eyes feel hot
- Eyes like sandy and dry
- Watery eyes due to the body’s response to irritation of dry eyes
- Sensitive to sunlight
- Blurred vision
- It is difficult to open the eyes when waking up because the upper and lower eyelids stick
- Difficulty driving at night
- Having trouble wearing contact lenses or driving at night
- Eyes feel tired quickly
- Hot, stinging, or itchy sensations inside the eyes
What causes dry eyes?
Some many conditions and habits cause the eyes to become dry. Some possible causes are:
Hormones stimulate the production of tears. There are hormonal changes, especially the decrease in androgen hormones that are commonly experienced by women. Because of this, it can increase the risk of dry eyes.
A decrease in androgen hormones is commonly found in pregnant women. These changes continue to occur, even after childbirth and lactation. Therefore, women will still experience symptoms of dry eyes at this time.
In addition to dry eyes, many women report experiencing sore eyes, or some feel cramped in them. This condition causes the eyes of pregnant women to be more sensitive to glare and sometimes makes their eyes itch.
Dry eyes are more commonly experienced by elderly people. This may be due to the production of tears that decrease with age, and the eyelids become less sensitive to flattening tears throughout the surface of the eye.
Some diseases can affect the ability of the eye glands to produce tears, for example:
- Rheumatoid arthritis (A chronic inflammatory disorder that affects many joints, including in the hands and feet)
- Lupus (Inflammatory disease caused when the immune system attacks its tissues)
- Scleroderma (Chronic hardening and tightening of the skin and connective tissue)
- Thyroid disorders (Enlargement of abnormal butterfly-shaped glands under Adam’s apple(thyroid)
- Vitamin A deficiency
- Bell’s palsy (sudden weakness of some facial muscles)
- Contact dermatitis (skin rashes caused by contact with certain substances)
With dry eye, many people also develop blepharitis or meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). MGD is an inflammation of the eyelid margin that can block the tear glands from producing oil in the tear film. Blepharitis can affect anyone, regardless of age, and is generally caused by a bacterial infection or other conditions, such as rosacea.
You may have occasional Wandering Eyes for no apparent reason. Even the incident can be repeated not only once. Know the cause and how to deal with it, because it could be a symptom of a disease.
Dry eyes can be a side effect of the consumption of certain medications. Here are the drugs that could be the cause:
- Acne medications are taken (isotretinoin)
- Hypertension drugs
- Birth control pills and hormone therapy
- Antidepressants and antipsychotics
- Parkinson’s disease drugs
Environment and activities
Environmental factors are not the main cause, but rather factors that can aggravate the condition of dry eyes. Some of them such as dust, smoke, wind, sun, hot weather, wind, or being on high.
Also, when you’re reading, working in front of a computer screen, writing, or activities that require other visual concentrations, the eyes tend to blink less frequently. This means that the tear film will evaporate faster than the refill process.
Some people who have undergone LASIK eye surgery report experiencing dry eyes a few weeks after the surgery. Symptoms will usually go away on their own after a few months, but in some cases can go on. In addition, dry eyes can also occur due to irritation due to the wearing of contact lenses.