Health

Dry Eyes: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes and Treatment (Easy to Use at Work & at Home)

How to treat dry eyes Easy to Use at Work & Home

In general, dry eye treatment is done by resting the eyes only. However, if these symptoms are too severe or there are other diseases, medical treatment may be required.

Self-contained actions that can be done at home or where you work to overcome dry eyes, including:

  • Protects the eyes from environments that cause dry eyes, such as windy, hot, smoky, or dusty weather. Avoid these environments or use glasses as a protector, as well as use a humidifier or air filter indoors.
  • Adjust room lighting when working in front of a computer screen, watching television, or while reading.
  • Many consume omega-3 fatty acids that can improve dry eye conditions. Omega-3s are found in many types of fish, such as mackerel, tuna, sardines, or salmon.
  • Rest your eyes occasionally while doing work that requires the eye to see up close.
  • Relieve dry eyes by washing your eyes with artificial tears.
  • If necessary, contact a doctor to determine the appropriate eye drops.
  • Improve air quality in the room where you work or do activities.
  • Adjust the position of the monitor and television well so as not to overload the eyes.
  • Adjust the screen brightness of the gadget as comfortably as possible for the eyes.
  • If necessary, take certain supplements that are useful to relieve eye fatigue

If this treatment has not been fully successful, or you feel increasingly uncomfortable with vision and eye conditions that are getting worse, then consult a doctor to get treatment in the form of:

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Medicines

One of the usual medications given to treat dry eyes is antibiotic drugs to relieve inflammation at the tip of the eyelids and immune suppressant drugs (e.g. cyclosporine or corticosteroids) that are efficacious in reducing inflammation of the cornea of the eye.

Nevertheless, prolonged consumption of corticosteroid drugs can cause side effects. As for encouraging the production of tears, doctors can give cholinergic drugs, such as pilocarpine. If dry eyes are still not resolved, the doctor may suggest using eye drops made and processed from the person’s blood (autologous serum eye drops).

 

LipiFlow thermal pulsation

This tool aims to open the barriers of the oil glands that are the cause of dry eyes. During this therapy, a bowl-shaped tool will be fitted to the eyes, and give a gentle and warm massage on the lower eyelid.

 

Intensely-pulsed light therapy

Light therapy followed by a massage on the eyelids can help people with severe dry eyes.

 

Special contact lenses

Contact lenses called scleral lenses are recommended for sufferers to protect the surface of the eye and maintain eye moisture.

 

Operation

This procedure can be performed in cases of severe dry eyes and cannot be treated with other therapies. The operation is performed by permanently clogging the tear drain so that the surface of the eye will always be damp.

Another surgery is the autotransplantation of the salivary glands. In this procedure, the salivary glands of the lower lip are removed to be placed inside the skin around the eyes to act as a substitute for the tear glands.

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When to see a doctor?

See a doctor immediately if you have signs and symptoms of prolonged dry eyes, including red eyes, irritation, fatigue, or pain. The doctor will wisely take steps to determine what is bothering your eyes or refer you to a specialist.

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