Dysthymic disorder is also known as a persistent depressive disorder that causes the sufferer to experience pressure to lose his own identity. Read more about Dysthymic Disorder: (What is dysthymic disorder) Fact and How To Treat It here.
Persistent depression can affect anyone including children into adulthood. You can find out the following causes of throttling to reduce the pressure caused by the disorder. You can also plan medical treatments whether you’re using medication or various therapies.
What is dysthymic disorder?
Dysthymic disorder is a depressive disorder that lasts for a long time. This disorder causes the sufferer to feel constant sadness and despair. Not only that, but Dysthymic disorder also affects mood and behavior, and physical functions, including appetite and sleep quality.
As a result, people with dysthymia disorders often lose interest in performing activities they like and find it difficult to complete daily tasks. Dysmanmia disorder can last for many years so it greatly affects all aspects of the patient’s life.
What causes a person to experience dysthymic disorder?
Causes of dysthymia include:
If a family member has dysthymia, it is not unlikely that you or another family member is at great risk of experiencing a similar condition.
As with severe depression, traumatic events in the past can also be the cause of dysthymia.
Some examples of trauma events, namely: loss of a loved one, financial problems, conflict with a partner or family, to high levels of stress can trigger dysthymia in some people.
Have a mental disorder
If a person has experienced mental disorders before, such as anxiety disorders or bipolar disorder, this can be one of the causes of experiencing dysthymia.
Imbalance of chemical structures in the brain
People with dysthymia may experience physical changes in their brains. This condition can help determine the cause of dysthymia, but the significance of these brain changes is still uncertain.
Effects of Neurotransmitters
Neurotransmitters are chemicals in the brain that appear naturally and are thought to be the cause of depression. Because changes in function and effects of neurotransmitters are related to the role of mood balance that affects depressed people.
Under normal conditions, there are three important neurotransmitters in the brain, namely oxytocin, dopamine, and serotonin. When depression occurs, the number of all three will decrease.
Have heart disease or diabetes
In heart disease and diabetes, conditions can cause low levels of serotonin, thus triggering the occurrence of depression.
Symptoms of dysthymic disorder
Similar to other types of depression, Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) will cause feelings of sadness and despair that take place continuously. These feelings will affect the mood and behavior of the person. As a result, people often lose interest in doing fun things, including their daily activities, even hobbies.
The symptoms that appear on their own will be the same as with other depressive disorders. However, in persistent depressive disorder (PDD) patients, the symptoms are not too severe, but chronic, that lasts for many years.
The following are symptoms of dysthymia:
- Not interested in doing daily activities.
- Feeling sad, empty, and down.
- Feeling hopeless.
- Feeling tired and not energized.
- Low self-esteem, often self-criticism, and feel like you have nothing to do with it.
- Having trouble concentrating and making decisions.
- Irritable and can’t control emotions.
- Become less active as productivity decreases.
- Often avoid social activities.
- Feel guilty and worry about the past.
- Appetite decreases, or it can be the other way around until it increases drastically.
- Having trouble sleeping.
- In children, symptoms of dysthymia can be feelings of depression and it is easy to get angry.
In addition to mental disorders, other disorders can attack human muscles and last up to repeatedly. You can read at Dystonia Definition: Symptoms, Type, Causes, and How To Treat It.
How to treat dysthymic disorder?
If a person is diagnosed with dysthymia, generally the doctor will give medicines combined with various therapies.
Persistent depressive disorder can be treated with antidepressant medications, such as:
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). For example fluoxetine and sertraline.
- Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). For example amitriptyline and amoxapine.
- Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). For example desvenlafaxine and duloxetine.
You may need to try various medications at the right dosage. In addition, the doctor will advise making changes in a specific dose or treatment.
Keep in mind, do not stop taking the drug without consulting a doctor. Stopping the consumption of medications without telling the doctor can worsen the symptoms of depression. If you have concerns about the medication you are taking, talk to your doctor.
In addition to taking medications, dysthymia sufferers also need to undergo psychotherapy or speech therapy with a psychologist or psychiatrist. Patients can also be recommended to undergo cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Psychotherapy may be the main recommended treatment option for children and adolescents with persistent depressive disorder. However, it depends also on the individual, sometimes antidepressant drugs are also needed.
In general, these treatment options are made to express thoughts, behaviors, and emotions that could worsen the symptoms of the condition.
Live a healthy lifestyle
Treatment for dysthymia also needs to be supported with a lifestyle that can help relieve the symptoms of the disease. Some of the recommended lifestyles for people with dysthymia include:
- Exercise regularly
- Sufficient sleep time
- Implement a balanced diet, such as vegetables and fruits
- Take the medicine as recommended by the doctor
- Try to talk to trusted people about how you feel
- Get together with people who have a positive influence
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages and illegal drugs.