Dysthymic disorder is also known as a persistent depressive disorder that causes the sufferer to experience pressure to lose his own identity. Read more about Dysthymic Disorder: (What is dysthymic disorder) Fact and How To Treat It here.
Persistent depression can affect anyone including children into adulthood. You can find out the following causes of throttling to reduce the pressure caused by the disorder. You can also plan medical treatments whether you’re using medication or various therapies.
What is dysthymic disorder?
Dysthymic disorder is a depressive disorder that lasts for a long time. This disorder causes the sufferer to feel constant sadness and despair. Not only that, but Dysthymic disorder also affects mood and behavior, and physical functions, including appetite and sleep quality.
As a result, people with dysthymia disorders often lose interest in performing activities they like and find it difficult to complete daily tasks. Dysmanmia disorder can last for many years so it greatly affects all aspects of the patient’s life.
What causes a person to experience dysthymic disorder?
Causes of dysthymia include:
If a family member has dysthymia, it is not unlikely that you or another family member is at great risk of experiencing a similar condition.
As with severe depression, traumatic events in the past can also be the cause of dysthymia.
Some examples of trauma events, namely: loss of a loved one, financial problems, conflict with a partner or family, to high levels of stress can trigger dysthymia in some people.
Have a mental disorder
If a person has experienced mental disorders before, such as anxiety disorders or bipolar disorder, this can be one of the causes of experiencing dysthymia.
Imbalance of chemical structures in the brain
People with dysthymia may experience physical changes in their brains. This condition can help determine the cause of dysthymia, but the significance of these brain changes is still uncertain.
Effects of Neurotransmitters
Neurotransmitters are chemicals in the brain that appear naturally and are thought to be the cause of depression. Because changes in function and effects of neurotransmitters are related to the role of mood balance that affects depressed people.
Under normal conditions, there are three important neurotransmitters in the brain, namely oxytocin, dopamine, and serotonin. When depression occurs, the number of all three will decrease.
Have heart disease or diabetes
In heart disease and diabetes, conditions can cause low levels of serotonin, thus triggering the occurrence of depression.
Symptoms of dysthymic disorder
Similar to other types of depression, Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) will cause feelings of sadness and despair that take place continuously. These feelings will affect the mood and behavior of the person. As a result, people often lose interest in doing fun things, including their daily activities, even hobbies.
The symptoms that appear on their own will be the same as with other depressive disorders. However, in persistent depressive disorder (PDD) patients, the symptoms are not too severe, but chronic, that lasts for many years.
The following are symptoms of dysthymia:
- Not interested in doing daily activities.
- Feeling sad, empty, and down.
- Feeling hopeless.
- Feeling tired and not energized.
- Low self-esteem, often self-criticism, and feel like you have nothing to do with it.
- Having trouble concentrating and making decisions.
- Irritable and can’t control emotions.
- Become less active as productivity decreases.
- Often avoid social activities.
- Feel guilty and worry about the past.
- Appetite decreases, or it can be the other way around until it increases drastically.
- Having trouble sleeping.
- In children, symptoms of dysthymia can be feelings of depression and it is easy to get angry.
In addition to mental disorders, other disorders can attack human muscles and last up to repeatedly. You can read at Dystonia Definition: Symptoms, Type, Causes, and How To Treat It.
How to treat dysthymic disorder?
If a person is diagnosed with dysthymia, generally the doctor will give medicines combined with various therapies.
Persistent depressive disorder can be treated with antidepressant medications, such as:
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). For example fluoxetine and sertraline.
- Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs). For example amitriptyline and amoxapine.
- Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). For example desvenlafaxine and duloxetine.
You may need to try various medications at the right dosage. In addition, the doctor will advise making changes in a specific dose or treatment.
Keep in mind, do not stop taking the drug without consulting a doctor. Stopping the consumption of medications without telling the doctor can worsen the symptoms of depression. If you have concerns about the medication you are taking, talk to your doctor.
In addition to taking medications, dysthymia sufferers also need to undergo psychotherapy or speech therapy with a psychologist or psychiatrist. Patients can also be recommended to undergo cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Psychotherapy may be the main recommended treatment option for children and adolescents with persistent depressive disorder. However, it depends also on the individual, sometimes antidepressant drugs are also needed.
In general, these treatment options are made to express thoughts, behaviors, and emotions that could worsen the symptoms of the condition.
Live a healthy lifestyle
Treatment for dysthymia also needs to be supported with a lifestyle that can help relieve the symptoms of the disease. Some of the recommended lifestyles for people with dysthymia include:
- Exercise regularly
- Sufficient sleep time
- Implement a balanced diet, such as vegetables and fruits
- Take the medicine as recommended by the doctor
- Try to talk to trusted people about how you feel
- Get together with people who have a positive influence
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages and illegal drugs.
Is Dysthymic disorder dangerous?
Several types of depression can attack a person, ranging from mild depression to moderately severe depression, including dysthymia. This condition should not be taken lightly, because it can interfere with the quality of life of the person to the risk of life.
The persistent depressive disorder often starts early in childhood, adolescence to young adulthood, and is usually chronic. Certain factors seem to increase the risk of developing or triggering dysthymic disorder, including:
- Have first-rate relatives with major depressive disorder or other depressive disorders
- Experiencing traumatic to stressful life events, such as losing a loved one or financial problems
- Personality traits include negative things like low self-esteem and being overly dependent, being self-critical, or feeling pessimistic.
- Have a history of other mental health disorders, such as personality disorders
Conditions that may be associated with Dysthymic disorder include:
- Reduced quality of life
- Severe depression, anxiety disorders, and other mood disorders
- Substance abuse
- Difficulties of relationships and family conflicts
- School and employment problems and productivity decline
- Chronic pain and common medical diseases
- Suicidal thoughts or behaviors
- Personality disorders or other mental health disorders
How to prevent Dysthymic disorder?
There is no definitive way to prevent persistent depressive disorder. Because it often begins in childhood or during adolescence, identifying children at risk for the condition can help them get early treatment.
Strategies that can help ward off symptoms include the following:
- Take steps to control stress, such as increasing endurance to increase self-esteem.
- Contact family and friends, especially in times of crisis, to help you cope with difficult times.
- Get treatment at the initial sign of trouble to help prevent symptoms from worsening.
- Consider getting long-term maintenance care to help prevent recurrence of symptoms.
When to see a doctor?
If you are constantly experiencing the disorders or symptoms as described earlier, you think it may be that it will last a long time and will be a part of life. But if you have a persistent depressive disorder, it would be nice to seek medical help immediately to take action quickly.
Talk to your doctor about your symptoms, or seek immediate help from a mental health professional. If you feel hesitant to do so, contact others immediately who may be able to help guide you to treatment. Whether it’s friends, your loved ones, teachers, religious leaders, or anyone else you can trust.
If you’re feeling more and more depressed that you might be able to injure yourself or attempt suicide, call 911 or your local emergency number immediately.
Mental Health Facts to Know
There’s a lot of misinformation about mental health. Unfortunately, it often leads to a negative stigma towards mental health. To a more severe degree, this can even cause mentally embarrassed people to admit their condition.
Misinformation makes many people finally misunderstand mental health. Mental disorders can occur in anyone, both adults and children. Most of the so-called mental disorders occur in children and adolescents under the age of 14 years.
Mental disorders in adolescents most often occur due to nerve disorders, namely neuropsychiatric. In addition, mental disorders can also occur due to environmental factors and adolescent promiscuity.
Another fact is that mental problems turn out to be one of the reasons a person decides to commit suicide. Therefore, mental illness should not be taken lightly at all. The person must get the right attention and care, and it becomes the duty of the people around him.
People with mental disorders are particularly vulnerable to feeling lonely, alone, and ultimately deciding to end their lives. They noted, there are at least 800,000 people each year who decide to commit suicide.
Women are said to be more at risk of mental disorders than men, but men tend to be easier to decide on suicide. In addition to suicidal desires, mental disorders can also trigger the occurrence of diseases or health problems in the body.
Mental health disorders become the gateway to disease. This condition can increase the risk of HIV, cardiovascular problems, to diabetes. There is one unique fact, it turns out that it is not only mental problems that can trigger the disease. On the contrary, physical illness can increase a person’s risk of experiencing mental disorders.
The bad news is that people’s incomprehension of mental disorders makes their people often discriminate. People with mental disorders are vulnerable to human rights violations. In many places, people with this problem are said to often experience physical restraint, privacy intrusion, exclusion, as well as denial of basic needs.
There is one big problem facing the world, namely the spread of mental health experts is still uneven. In many places, the presence of psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychiatric nurses are still very minimal. This is one of the main barriers to the availability of mental health services.
Some say that mental illness cannot be cured. That’s not entirely true. There is research that mentions that mental disorders can recover through some therapy and treatment.