Gabapentin drug is one type of drug used as a treatment in epilepsy. The disease relieves long seizures in some people so that seizures can be quickly controlled. The drug can be used from children to adults according to the instructions and dosage of use. But behind its amazing benefits, you should also know gabapentin side effects in women elderly, and elderly men before consuming it.
Gabapentin is a drug of the anticonvulsant or anti-seizure group. In addition to being anti-seizure, the drug is also given as a pain reliever in some chronic diseases.
What are the benefits of gabapentin for humans?
By the group and mechanism of action on the drug gabapentin, this drug can be given by several types of diseases, among others:
Epilepsy is a recurrent seizure disease and continues to relapse without cause. The disease is caused by a disorder of the central nervous system. Long-lasting seizures can be at risk of loss of consciousness.
Symptoms that indicate the arrival of seizures in people with a history include a sense of confusion, blurred vision, and then appear seizures that are ins and outs, muscles become stiff, tremble, until they lose consciousness.
Restless leg syndrome
Restless leg syndrome is a condition in which one or both legs cannot remain still. The uncontrollable leg creates discomfort and cannot be moved perfectly especially when standing and walking. This condition is caused by substance disorders in the brain in the form of dopamine that does not function properly in regulating muscle movement.
Neuralgia post herpetic
Postherpetic neuralgia is a condition of nerve pain that arises as a result of a history of developing shingles or chickenpox. This is a treatment of herpes disease that is not maximal until symptoms appear nerve pain such as burning. Then the drug gabapentin is also suitable to relieve pain neuropathy.
Why gabapentin is abused?
These chemicals are produced in the human brain through a process called GABA transduction. GABA is responsible for controlling the firing of neurons in the brain which gives us a calm and relaxed state of alertness. Unfortunately, for some people, GABA levels in the brain reduce enough to allow neurons to shoot abnormally creating a mental condition often referred to as “GAD” or generalized anxiety disorder.
The reason that gabapentin becomes addicted to drug-forming has to do with ways that regulate brain activity. GABA is found in synapses as receptor sites that bind to dopamine and other neurotransmitters to send signals throughout the brain. When GABA levels in the brain are low, the results are often an anxious or manic state that can then trigger a person to try to regain normal levels of brain activity by using substances such as alcohol and drugs.
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How many doses of gabapentin are needed?
Gabapentin drugs are available in capsule, tablet, and liquid doses at doses of 100 mg, 300 mg, 400 mg, 600 mg, 800 mg, and liquid drugs of 250 mg/5ml.
The dosage of the administration of the drug should be following what the doctor has prescribed. Here is the dosage of the drug that can be administered according to the conditions:
In overcoming epileptic seizures, the drug gabapentin is consumed at a dose of 300 mg each time drinking and 3 times a day. Daily doses should not exceed 1800 mg. In children patients, it is recommended to be given liquid syrup drugs or at a dose of 15 mg/kg and consumed for 3 days. The distance of taking gabapentin medicine is a maximum of 12 hours starting from the first dose of taking.
For neuropathic pain in postherpetic, the dose is given as much as 600 mg per day for 3 days. After that, the dosage is lowered slowly and monitor the improvement of symptoms.
For restless leg syndrome, a sufficient dose of gabapentin is given as much as 600 mg once a day in the afternoon.
For neuropathic pain, the adult dose is 300 mg on the first day, 300 mg twice a day on the second day, 300 mg three times a day on the third day. Or it can be given 900 mg per day which is divided into 3 doses. The dosage can be increased by 300 mg every 2-3 days until antiepileptic effects are achieved. The maximum dose per day is 3600 mg.
Gabapentin side effects in women elderly and elderly men
Loss of concentration
It is important to note that gabapentin should not be used without medical supervision. Also, if you are pregnant it is advisable not to take Gabapentin. if you consume it will cause symptoms that include restlessness, irritability, lack of concentration, and difficulty speaking.
It is recommended that patients with a history of kidney problems do not take gabapentin. This is because the diuretic action of gabapentin can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Patients suffering from urinary tract infections, diabetes, epilepsy, and other diseases that can cause dehydration.
Nausea and vomiting
Gabapentin side effects of elderly women occur when used for weight loss treatments. Most gabapentin products are capsules. Parents may find it difficult to swallow capsules in large quantities. This makes them more likely to experience nausea when taking gabapentin. Women may also experience diarrhea and vomiting if they take too small a dose of gabapentin.
Liver toxicity and kidney problems.
Gabapentin may interact with other drugs for the liver and kidneys. Some drugs that have double action on the liver are warfarin and azathioprine. Warfarin is a synthetic form of vitamin A that is usually taken for rheumatoid arthritis.
It also creates chemical reactions with several herbal remedies, including gabapentin. This herbal remedy can interfere with the functioning of other drugs such as acetaminophen and other immune system suppressors.
Gabapentin side effects in elderly men can include sedation, decreased vision, and difficulty speaking. Women can also experience hormonal changes.
Hypertension and erectile dysfunction
According to some experts, the side effects of gabapentin are not surprising because of the blood thinners that can occur after taking gabapentin. Some studies have also shown that high blood pressure can increase the risk of developing erectile dysfunction.
Increased blood pressure, stroke, or sudden death
If you experience any of these symptoms after starting to take gabapentin, stop taking it immediately. Follow all directions on the bottle to prevent serious problems from occurring.
Gabapentin can cause serious rashes on the skin
known as leukopenia, which results in blisters and open wounds. Older people with gabapentin side effects in elderly men are particularly at high risk for the condition. It is important to note that this is an extremely rare occurrence; only about one percent of patients taking gabapentin experience this condition.
Nevertheless, it is important to note that it is possible and to seek medical attention if the rash develops because it can be the result of an allergic reaction to gabapentin.