Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Best Medication

generalized anxiety disorder

Have you ever experienced constant to excessive anxiety? If you experience such a disorder, BEWARE!! it can pose a high risk of developing high blood pressure and heart disease. In this article, you can understanding Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Best Medication.

Take test and quiz to help identify symptoms of common anxiety disorders.

What does anxiety look like?

A frequent anxiety disorder is that the look of uncontrollable and excessive anxiety or worries regarding different matters and conditions. This illness will interfere with the everyday activities of the victim.

Generalized anxiety disorders can occur in anyone, but most often occur in adults over the age of 30. When experiencing this condition, the sufferer generally cannot explain why he feels excessive anxiety or worry.

 

What is the generalized anxiety disorder assessment tool?

Anxiety can be measured by measuring anxiety levels according to an anxiety gauge called a HARS (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale). The HARS scale is an anxiety measurement based on the appearance of symptoms in individuals experiencing anxiety.

 

Generalized anxiety disorder severity scale

Scores of 5, 10, and 15 are taken as cutting points for mild, moderate, and severe anxiety. When utilized as a screening instrument, additional investigation is recommended when the score is 10 or higher. Using a threshold score of 10, GAD-7 has a sensitivity of 89% and a specificity of 82% for GAD.

 

Generalized anxiety disorder symptom checklist

Stress is natural, particularly if there are particular pressures or ailments. However, if anxiety and worry become uncontrollable, excessive, even to the point of disrupting daily activities, then this could be a sign you are experiencing a general anxiety disorder.

Frequent Signs of Stress disorders Which Can Be recognized include:

  • The visual appeal of excessive stress and stress over different uncharacterant ailments.
  • The visual appeal of excess thoughts about strategies and alternatives for each worst potential doesn’t necessarily appear.
  • Easily offended, restless, nervous, and cornered.
  • Hesitant, fearful, and hard to generate a determination.
  • It’s hard to concentrate.

Generalized anxiety disorders can also cause physical symptoms, such as feeling tired, experiencing sleep disorders, headaches, shaking, excessive sweating, nausea, abdominal pain, and repeated diarrhea.

 

What causes generalized anxiety disorder

Until now it has not been known the exact cause of generalized anxiety disorder. Nevertheless, a combination of various factors is thought to contribute to triggering the emergence of generalized anxiety disorders. These factors are:

  • Take a history of injury or have experienced stressful events, like bullying or bullying.
  • Have a family with a history of generalized anxiety disorders.
  • Have diseases that require long-term treatment, such as arthritis.
  • Have a history of illicit drug use or alcohol addiction.
  • Have a history of disorders of the nervous system. Also know the Signs of Permanent Nerve Damage: and How Signs of Healing Nerve Damage

 

When to see a doctor

Check with your doctor if your anxiety and worry are excessive, uncontrollable, and interfere with your daily activities, or when you experience the complaints and symptoms mentioned above.

It’s also advisable to check with your physician when you’ve got a record of other psychological disorders, such as anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), or melancholy.

If you have been diagnosed with a common anxiety disorder, regular control to the doctor also needs to be done to monitor the development of the condition.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Best Medication

Diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorders

To diagnose common anxiety disorders, your doctor will ask questions about the complaints, and your medical history, medication use, and family ailments. The doctor will also ask about daily life, activities, and environmental circumstances.

Furthermore, doctors use the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria to diagnose common anxiety disorders.

  • Some criteria that indicate the patient has a common anxiety disorder are:
  • Excessive anxiety and worry that lasts all the time for a minimum of 6 months.
  • That worry is hard to control.
  • Such complaints and symptoms cause disruption inactivity.
  • Complaints aren’t based on particular diseases or health conditions.

In addition, generalized anxiety disorders are also characterized by anxiety and fear, namely:

  • Feeling restless, lackluster, and cornered.
  • Feeling tired.
  • It’s hard to concentrate.
  • Irritable.
  • Increased muscle tension.
  • Have sleep disorders (including difficulty sleeping or always wanting to sleep).

If there is a suspected condition or other disease underlying the complaint, the doctor will ask the patient to undergo a supporting test, such as a urine test or blood test.

 

General Anxiety Disorder Treatment

Treatment for generalized anxiety disorders includes 2 steps, namely through cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and medications. These two steps will usually be combined according to the patient’s needs.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is done so that the sufferer recognizes and changes the mindset and behavior that makes him feel anxious. This therapy helps patients not to turn an ordinary thought into negative thought and to be able to see it more realistically.

Patients need to spend 1 hour each week to undergo 1 CBT therapy session for 3-4 months. During CBT therapy sessions, psychiatrists or psychologists will also teach relaxation techniques so that patients can be calmer when facing situations that can trigger the appearance of anxiety.

 

Use of drugs

In addition to cognitive behavioral therapy, the doctor will provide several types of medications to reduce complaints. Some types of medications that are usually given to treat common anxiety disorders include:

Antidepressant

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used to increase serotonin in the brain, while serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) are used to increase serotonin and noradrenaline in the brain.

Pregabalin

Even though is better known as a drug to overcome seizures in epilepsy and neuropathy pain, pregabalin can also be used to overcome anxiety disorders.

Benzodiazepine

A benzodiazepine is a group of sedatives given to people with severe generalized anxiety disorders. The purpose of administering this drug is to relieve the symptoms and complaints of generalized anxiety disorders in a short period.

Please note, patients need to regularly check with a doctor when undergoing treatment for generalized anxiety disorders. The goal is for the doctor to know the development of the patient’s condition.

Regular check-ups can be done every 2-4 weeks in the first 3 months since the use of drugs.

In addition to cognitive behavioral therapy and medications, people with generalized anxiety disorders can do some of the following to alleviate the symptoms they experience:

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Perform relaxation techniques, such as meditation and yoga.
  • Avoid caffeine, cigarettes, and alcohol consumption.

 

Complications of Generalized Anxiety Disorders

If a common anxiety disorder is not addressed immediately, excessive anxiety and worry will make the sufferer unable to carry out daily activities. General anxiety disorders can also cause sleep disorders. If left protracted sleep disorders will interfere with health.

In addition, generalized anxiety disorders can make sufferers depressed to be more susceptible to abusing drugs or liquor.

 

General Anxiety Disorder Prevention

Several things can be done to prevent the occurrence of generalized anxiety disorders, among others:

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Consumption of foods with balanced nutrition.
  • Take exercises to manage stress, such as meditation, yoga, and keeping a daily journal.
  • Stay away from alcohol, drugs, and cigarettes.
  • Reduce consumption of caffeine-containing foods and beverages, such as chocolate, coffee, and tea.
  • Check with a psychiatrist if you experience traumatic things that interfere with your thoughts and activities.

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