Risk factors of kidney infection
Side effects of kidney infection. There are many factors that increase the likelihood of developing a urinary tract infection, including kidney infections.
- Female gender.
- Sexually active. Sexual activity can cause irritation to the bladder and make it easier for bacteria.
- Anal sex is possible. This sexual behavior makes it easier to allow bacteria from the anus into the urinary tract.
- Pregnancy: Because the flow of urine is slower during pregnancy, bacteria can easily be spread to the kidneys.
- Deformity of the urinary tract
- Prostate swelling can cause obstruction in the urinary tract.
- Constipation frequently, especially in children.
- A weak immune system due to HIV/AIDS, side effects of chemotherapy drugs, or other causes.
- Prostatitis is an infection of your prostate gland that can spread into the kidneys.
- Nerve damage to the bladder. The patient may not be aware that he has a bladder infection until it spreads to his kidneys.
- Having difficulty urinating (urinary retention) such as Multiple sclerosis or spina bifida.
Certain medical procedures, including those that insert instruments into the bladder, can increase the likelihood of kidney infection. Long-term urinary catheter use can increase the likelihood of kidney infection.
Diagnosis of Kidney Infection (Kidney Infection Diagnosis)
How to Diagnose Kidney Infection. The doctor will ask about the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and other pertinent information to diagnose a kidney infection. The doctor will also conduct a physical exam, which includes checking the patient’s blood pressure and body temperature. The doctor may then perform a support examination, which can include:
A doctor will collect a sample of urine for laboratory examination. The doctor will take a urine sample to test for infection in the laboratory.
The scan of the urinary tract using CT scans or ultrasound is done to identify any health issues in the kidneys. The doctor will be able to determine the severity of the kidney infection by scanning the body.
How to Treat Kidney Infection and How do you Treat a Kidney Infection
What to do for a kidney infection. Antibiotics are the main treatment for kidney infection. Commonly, antibiotics are given as Ciprofloxacin. The antibiotic prescribed for pregnant women is Cephalexin.
The doctor will often prescribe paracetamol to relieve fever and pain. To ensure that your recovery is quick and effective. Here are kidney infection treatment that you can also do these things at home:
- Hydration is important. Drink lots of water to flush out bacteria from your kidneys.
- To reduce pain, place a warm pillow on your stomach or back.
- For female patients, it is best to urinate in a sitting position.
- There is no need to rest.
- Inpatient hospital
Sometimes, a hospital stay may be necessary to treat a kidney infection. If:
- Children can get a kidney infection
- A kidney infection can be very serious and requires intravenous antibiotics.
- Relapses of kidney infection pain can occur.
- Because kidney infections are rare in men, they can occur in men. To determine the source of the infection, a hospital exam is required.
Hospitalization may also be necessary if the following conditions are present:
- After taking antibiotics, the condition doesn’t improve in a day.
- Incapable of swallowing food, drink, or medicine
- Experiencing dehydration.
- If you are pregnant or have a fever greater than 390C,
- The patient is more than 65 years old.
- A chronic illness such as diabetes, kidney disease, or liver disease.
- Severe pains in the abdomen or waist.
- Symptoms of sepsis