How do you Know if you Have a Kidney Infection
Kidney infection or pyelonephritis is a type of urinary tract infection. Generally, bacteria infect the urethra and bladder first and then spread to one or both parts of the kidney. Bacterial infections need to be treated in the right way. Find out more about how do you know if you have a kidney infection in this article.
Otherwise, your kidneys could be damaged. In fact, bacteria can also enter the bloodstream so that it threatens your life which is called septicemia or blood poisoning.
You may be worried about the health of your kidneys. Infections can happen to anyone at any time, including kidney infections. Some people may have their kidneys infected. Therefore, you must know how do you know if you have a kidney infection.
Apart from how do you know if you have a kidney infection, you will also learn about female pyelonephritis symptoms and causes. In addition, know what to avoid with kidney infection, how to test for kidney infection, treatment without antibiotics. We have summarized everything in the article how do you know if you have a kidney infection.
What Is a Kidney Infection?
Kidney disease (pyelonephritis) is a kidney condition caused by viruses or bacteria which enter the bladder via the urinary tract. The condition could alter kidney function, causing an infection.
The main job of the kidneys is to remove waste and take extra water from the blood. The kidneys are part of your urinary tract, which makes liquid waste (urine) and removes it from the body.
Bacteria and viruses usually reach the bladder through the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. This can lead to infections that affect kidney function and lead to pyelonephritis.
Kidney infections and bladder infections are similar conditions. However, pyelonephritis is less common than urinary tract infections. However, this condition is quite serious. The reason is infections that damage the kidneys can cause chronic pyelonephritis to lead to kidney failure.
How common is pyelonephritis?
Kidney infections can happen to anyone. However, this disease is commonly experienced by women and the elderly. People who use catheters, people with diabetes, or blockage of the urinary tract due to kidney stones or an enlarged prostate are also at increased risk.
What causes a kidney infection (pyelonephritis)?
How do you know if you have a kidney infection. The cause of kidney infection is generally bacteria. These microorganisms can spread from infections in other places, such as the bladder and urethra. Kidney infections can be experienced by anyone, both children and adults.
The most common symptoms due to kidney disease is the release of pus or blood in the urine. Other symptoms that follow may include fever, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, lower back pain, painful urination, and an unusual smell of urine.
Causes of Kidney Infection
The bacteria Escherichia coli ( E. coli ) is considered as the cause of the most common kidney infection. These bacteria come from the intestines and can be excreted in the feces. If hygiene is not maintained properly, bacteria can enter through the urinary opening, multiply in the urethra, and cause urinary tract infections (UTIs).
If a UTI is not treated promptly, bacteria can spread and cause a bladder infection. From here, the chance of bacteria to spread to the kidneys becomes greater.
In addition to lack of hygiene, several factors that can also increase the risk of kidney infection are:
- Using a urinary catheter in the long term
- Have a blockage in the urinary tract, for example, due to kidney stones or an enlarged prostate gland
- Having abnormalities in the shape of the urinary tract, such as urethral strictures
- Have a weak immune system, for example, due to diabetes, HIV/AIDS, or side effects of taking immune system-suppressing drugs
- Suffering from nerve damage around the bladder
- Have a disease that makes it difficult to urinate (urinary retention), such as multiple sclerosis or spina bifida
- Having an abnormality in the valve in the bladder that causes vesicoureteral reflux, which is the back of urine from the bladder to the kidneys
- Undergoing medical procedures, such as urinary tract surgery or cystoscopy examination
How do you Know if you Have a Kidney Infection
How do you know if you have a kidney infection. You’ll recognize infection in your kidneys when you experience an ache or discomfort while taking urination often, frequent urination chills and fever or lower torso pain nausea, vomiting as well as urine that is bloody. The kidneys are responsible for removing extra fluids and waste out of your body, but occasionally they are able to become infected.
Signs of pyelonephritis in children
Kidney infections can affect anyone, including children. Here are some symptoms of pyelonephritis that parents need to pay attention to.
- A burning sensation or pain when urinating
- Urinate more often
- There is blood and pus in the urine
- Abdominal and lower back pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills
- Fussy often cry for no reason
- Decreased appetite
- stunted growth
If you or other family members experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms of infection, you should immediately consult a doctor. That way, you can have a kidney function check and find out what’s wrong with your body.