There may still be many people who think that frogs and frogs are the same animals. Frogs and frogs are animals with different characteristics and family groups. To find out more, you can learn How Fast Can a Frog Run and Swim.
Facts about frogs and toads, this is one of the amphibian animals of the Anura order belonging to the family Bufonidae. Recognize the difference between them, there is a very dangerous type of Pacman frog poison dart frog.
What’s the difference between a frog and a frog?
Although often considered the same, frogs and frogs are 2 different creatures. Frogs are a term for amphibian animals of the Ranidae tribe with the main characteristic of smooth skin and able to jump far. While frogs are a term for amphibian animals of the tribe Bufonidae with the main characteristics of rough skin and short jumps.
Here are some things you should know to make it easier to see the difference between frogs and frogs:
The majority of frogs have long legs and smooth skin wrapped in mucus that makes them always look wet even when not in the water. While the frog has shorter legs and rougher skin, waterproof and thicker.
Frogs are more often on land because they are supported by their skin that can survive in dry conditions. Frogs are more commonly seen in the water, as their skin can easily lose moisture if it is in a dry place.
Because it has long legs, frogs will usually jump. While frogs usually crawl more often because they have shorter legs.
The two animals also have different faces. Frogs have a more hollow nose, while frogs have wider noses.
While still in the shape of tadpoles, frogs have a slimmer look compared to frog tadpoles that have a more uproarious look. Frog tadpoles also have golden spots, while frog tadpoles are black.
By using what frogs can swim?
The frog has a hind limb that is much larger than the front. Besides, it also has a swimming membrane that exerts strong pressure when the frog is in the water so that the frog can move.
How Fast Can a Frog Run?
Frogs can run at about 9 mph, more than marathon runners. More disappointingly, many frogs are even slower. Some other frogs, just launch their tongues at a maximum speed of fewer than 0.5 m.s-1, almost 1 mph.
How do frogs jump?
The frog is known for its ability to jump. Long-legged frogs use fast and powerful jumps to escape predators. A leaping frog can leap from risk in a minute and hide safely from water.
Frogs have much larger hind limbs than front legs. Besides, frogs also have swimming membranes that exert strong pressure when frogs are in the water so that frogs can move.
How many frogs are there?
According to a study, there are about 4,810 species or species of frogs on the face of the earth. What distinguishes frogs from each other is where frogs live, skin color, body shape, and the absence or absence of toxins on the membranes of their skin.
Are frogs dangerous?
These poisonous amphibian animals are capable of producing alkaloids as self-defense toxins and protecting the skin from microbes. If the poison of this frog gets into the body of the predator will be very deadly.
Beware of animals that we consider harmless, therefore you should learn how fast can a common name of poisonous animals run this will explain all kinds.
Characteristics of Poisonous Frogs
Frogs that have toxic content on their skin usually have a characteristic compared to non-toxic frogs. Dangerous frogs are generally active during the day and have a brightly colored body.
In addition to bright colors, poisonous frogs also have an aposematic pattern to warn predators. The light color is related to the degree of toxicity of alkaloids on their skin.
Can frog venom be used for hunting?
Native Americans use their poison to hunt. For example, a Colombian Choco tribe uses poison from a golden frog to coat the tip of an arrow that will later be used to hunt birds, monkeys, and other small mammals.
To prevent them from getting poisoned, the Chocos took frogs with leaves, then thrust arrows into the frog’s skin. Of the 170 species of frogs, only 4 species whose poison is used for hunting.
Types – Types of Poisonous Frogs in the World
The world’s deadliest frogs mostly come from the rainforests of Central and South America, the Amazon forests. Frog venom is often used by native amazon tribes to hunt by smearing the tips of their arrowheads.
The frog has the Latin name Duttaphrynus melanostictus. In some areas, frogs are deadly.
The distribution is very wide, covering the region of South and Southeast Asia including Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, India including the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, southern China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore.
The latest information from this poisonous toad measuring about 20 cm has invaded the island of Madagascar and disrupted ecosystems and populations of other animals, such as snakes, eagles, and lemurs.
Golden Poison Frog
The frog has the scientific name Phyllobates terribilis. This deadly poisonous frog comes from Colombia and lives in a rainforest area with very high rainfall. This frog lives in groups, its bright color looks very attractive even though behind it there is a dangerous poison.
Phyllobates terribilis belongs to an endangered species. Although generally golden yellow, some sub-species of golden frogs have a variety of colors, such as green to orange.
Panamanian Golden Frog
The golden Panamanian frog is named Latin Atelopus zateki. This poisonous frog is a species endemic to Panama and inhabits along the slopes of the Cordillera mountain forest.
Researchers list the golden Panamanian frog in critical condition, despite the fact it has been considered extinct in the wild since 2007. This dangerous frog is golden yellow with black spots all over its body.
Splash-Back Poison Frog
The next poisonous frog in the world is Ranitomeya variabilis. The frog lives in the rainforest areas of Ecuador and Colombia. The color of this frog is very unique, namely the color gradation between red, yellow, green, and orange with a black pattern.
Granular Poison Frog
The scientifically named frog Oophaga granuliferous comes from the family Dendrobatidae. Its habitat is in the forests of Costa Rica and Panama, in the form of lowland tropical forests.
The size of the body is relatively small or about 2 mm. On the skin, there are fine grains with a characteristic bright orange color on the head, body, and upper arms. While the lower part includes the legs and forearms is bluish-green.
Poison from his body is used to defend himself from predators. The bright color of his skin is useful as a warning to predators that his body contains harmful toxins.
Corroboree frogs consist of 2 species, namely Pseudophryne corroboree and Pseudophryne pengilleyi. This frog can produce its poison and does not come from a particular food source like other poisonous frogs in the world.
Both frogs are from the Southern Tablelands, Australia. These poisonous amphibian animals are capable of producing alkaloids as self-defense toxins and protecting the skin from microbes. If the poison of this frog gets into the body of the predator will be very deadly.
Black-Legged Dart Frog
Phyllobates bicolor is a poisonous frog native to western Colombia, precisely along the San Juan River. This frog ranks second most poisonous.
Like other deadly frogs, the amphibian’s body is also brightly colored, i.e. yellow or orange. Its living habitat is in lowland forests with high humidity.
The poison can cause death in humans. It only takes 150 micrograms of poison to kill an adult human. Usually, the poison of this frog is used for hunting by applying liquid that comes out of its skin to the tip of an arrow or spear. The toxic nature of this frog is to paralyze the respiratory system and muscle motion.
Blue Poison Dart Frog
This deadly blue frog is also called the Blue Poison Arrow Frog. By the local people, this frog is known by the name of okopipi.
The body is of medium size, which is 3-4.5 cm with a weight of 8 grams. The skin is bright blue and tends to be dark on the limbs. The bright skin is a sign that her body contains very dangerous toxins.
The poison that this frog has comes out of the alkaloid glands and can paralyze and kill predators. The spots on his skin have different patterns on each individual and are beneficial for identification.
Phantasmal Poison Frog
This poisonous frog comes from Ecuador, precisely from the slopes of the Andes mountains. Scientifically named Epipedobates tricolor, this frog has a combination of bright colors. It measures about 22 mm with a wide head and muzzles like a cut and smooth skin.
On the back is generally green or yellow with elongated stripes. Its living habitat is in tropical rainforests.
Yellow-Banded Poison Dart Frog
Dendrobates leucomelas is the scientific name of this deadly frog. These poisonous amphibians are scattered in the northern regions of South America, most not only in Venezuela, and are also found in Guyana, Brazil, and eastern Colombia.
Its habitat is in moist tropical rainforests close to freshwater sources. These frogs secrete toxins from their skin. The poison is obtained from the type of arthropods that are preyed on. The poison is a very powerful neurotoxin and interferes with the nerve impulses that cause heart failure.
Strawberry Poison-Dart Frog
The size of this poisonous frog is quite small and red like strawberry fruit. The living habitat of frogs named Latin Oophaga pumilio is in moist lowland forests in the Central American region, including Nicaragua, Costa Rica to Panama.
Sky-Blue Poison Frog
The Latin frog Hyloxalus azureiventris is a poisonous frog endemic to Peru, precisely in the amazon valley in the San Martin region. On his body, there are dorsolateral stripes that point back.
Frog Interesting Facts
Here are some unique facts about frogs:
Frogs Can Be Used as Indicators of Water Pollution
Unlike other animals that mostly drink through their mouths, frogs drink through their skin that can absorb liquid. While the frog’s mouth is only used to swallow its food.
Frogs have permeable or impenetrable skin: Therefore, anything can get into the frog’s body. Starting from water, air, even toxins from polluted water. For that frog needs a clean environment. A small amount of the environment is polluted so the frog will be directly affected because the waste can be absorbed into the skin.
Besides, frogs lay eggs in the water: Frog eggs are only coated in mucus, not clawed. So if the water is polluted, it will die. This is why frogs are good indicators of water pollution.
Has Bubbles On His Neck
Bubbles located in the neck of frogs or frogs are called vocal sacs. It can grow up to 3 times larger than the frog’s head itself when it is fully developed and contains water.
The majority of frog species have vocal sacs however, these bubbles are more common in male frogs than in females. In some species, both males and females both have vocal sacs. For edible types of frogs, they have 2 vocal sacs on each side of their mouth.
In male frogs, these bubbles are used when calling female frogs during the breeding season. When the vocal sac expands, the frog’s voice will also change to be louder. This is useful so that distant female frogs can hear the call. The sound of this call can be heard up to 1 mile (1,609 km).
By the time a frog makes the call, other male frogs around it will surely do the same to compete for the female frog.
Each type of frog has its distinctive voice and the female frog is designed to be able to distinguish the call sound from its species. The sound is also used when male frogs protect their territory from other males.