Irukandji, a tiny jellyfish, but can be deadly. Maybe you’ve heard the name of the Irukandji jellyfish. And learn how fast can a Irukandji jellyfish run: the difference between jellyfish and Irukandji jellyfish
Know what is the Irukandji syndrome? Facts where are located, the animals tiny deadly in Australia, with species such as deadly box Australian jellyfish, are seen in iracongi pictures and irukan that have been detected by researchers.
What to know about Irukandji jellyfish?
The Irukandji jellyfish, a silent, mysterious, almost invisible killer hiding in the sea off northern Australia. And inhabit northern Australian waters in a vast arc from Exmouth in Western Australia to Gladstone in Queensland.
There have only been three deaths caused by Irukandji jellyfish worldwide over the past 100 years. Therefore, it is a dangerous but common threat in the water, and while you do not have to be afraid of them.
The origin of the name Irukandji
The name Irukandji jellyfish is said to be derived from the name of a similar tribe, which resides in the coastal area of Cairns in Queensland. The tribe is called the Irukandji tribe.
The size of this Irukandji jellyfish can be said to be very small which is only 5 millimeters to 25 millimeters in size, and has 4 tentacles that are long enough to even reach 1 meter. It is from these tentacles that the sting of the Irukandji jellyfish originates.
Until now there is still not much to research about the life cycle of this unique jellyfish. Because they are too small and are considered to require special care. Also, because the poison is also very strong. People affected by Irukandji jellyfish stings can experience cramping, hallucinations, and even death.
These Irukandji are slightly different from other jellyfish in general, as they can sting and inject toxins into the body of their victims.
How Fast Can a Irukandji Jellyfish Run
For now, it has not been found how fast Irukandji jellyfish run.
And if you want to know the weight of the average Irukandji jellyfish this will explain more details and other information.
Where does the Irukandji sting the victim?
In addition to Australia’s marine areas, Irukandji jellyfish can also be found in Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom. This jellyfish can sting its victims very strongly and quickly.
According to researchers, this sting is usually used to forage in the form of small fish in the ocean.
How strong is the sting of Irukandji poison?
These Irukandji are very dangerous because their tentacles are full of poison. The toxin is said to be 100 times stronger than a cobra and up to 1,000 times worse than a tarantula. Impressive for a creature that only measures about 1 cubic cm.
This little jellyfish is known to fire stings at its victims. Due to their small size, their stings may not be immediately felt when they attack. But within 30 minutes, the victim begins to complain of severe headaches, nausea, abdominal pain, sweating. Without immediate treatment, the victim had increased blood pressure and went into cardiac arrest.
The difference between jellyfish and Irukandji jellyfish
Jellyfish on average have stings only on tentacles, but Irukandji also has stings on the bell. Irukandji jellyfish differ from other species of box jellyfish, in that they can sting fire from injecting poison.
The effect of jellyfish stings is commonly known as Irukandji Syndrome. Which is a condition in which toxins enter the human body due to stings, then tortures all parts of the body, giving the effect of muscle cramps, heat in the skin, and various other unpleasant effects.
Symptoms of Irukandji Jellyfish Sting
Symptoms of Irukandji jellyfish stings do not appear immediately. Signs of the Irukandji sting will be felt in the 5th to 45th minutes, after the sting incident.
Symptoms last from a few hours to weeks. Victims of Irukandji stings usually require hospitalization.
The signs and symptoms of Irukandji syndrome are as follows:
- Severe back pain or headache
- Pain in the muscles, chest, and abdomen
- Difficulty breathing
Temporary handling for stung:
- Avoid rubbing stung parts of the body
- Immediately wash and wipe the stung area with vinegar for 30 seconds
- If vinegar is not available, carefully remove the tentacles and rinse with seawater (not freshwater).
The Incredible Benefits of Jellyfish for Human Life
Jellyfish are simple living things. They don’t have the brains, bones, half-lungs, intestines and any complicated organ systems we encounter in other living things. Nevertheless, they have an organized network as well as a nervous system that signifies the simplicity of this creature.
These jelly-shaped jellyfish have been on Earth for over 500 million years and exist in every ocean.
Although famous for stinging humans and can bring down victims, it turns out that animals that are often used as dishes in Japan and China have many uses. Here are the uses of jellyfish among them:
Healthier organic plant fertilizers
Organic farming has now become more popular thanks to people’s demand for organic products. The problem is the problem of fertilizers, where ordinary agriculture strengthens crops from weeds and produces high harvests with chemical fertilizers and herbicides.
Finally, a jellyfish fertilizer emerged that became the solution to the problem. Dried jellyfish fiber is an organic fertilizer that increases the nutritional content of soil and can inhibit the growth of weeds.
In Japan, the harvest from rice fields is covered with “jellyfish chips” which is a term for dried jellyfish fiber, and the result can be as high as agriculture with chemical fertilizers, but still organic.
Jellyfish chips have also been used to rejuvenate forests in South Korea after forest fires. Not only that, but it is also used to increase water content and nutrients before new seedlings are planted.
In-depth research into acute diseases
GFP which stands for green fluorescent protein present in jellyfish and makes jellyfish ‘glow in the dark,’ turned out to be very useful for human health diagnosis. Using GFP, scientists can put marks on specific cells and track their development in the body.
For example, GFP is attached to insulin-producing pancreatic cells to check how they operate. This is especially important for people with diabetes who have recently suffered. This also applies to other disease cells such as HIV.
This turned out to be so revolutionary that scientists who discovered how to use GFP were awarded the Nobel prize in 2008.
Microscopic plastic pieces otherwise known as microplastics are a recent and major environmental problem these days. One source of microplastics is microbeads, a small plastic ball that we can find in our face soap or shower gel. Now, this material has been banned in some countries. Not only from soap, but microplastics also come from the breakdown of synthetic fibers when clothes are washed in the washing machine.
Finally, based on this unrest, the project was born using jellyfish because it proved one species of jellyfish bonded with this microplastic. It also happens that jellyfish with this particular species is overpopulated.
All it has to do is make a biofilter of jellyfish and plant waste containing microplastics directed to the filter. So microplastic waste has not been released into our waters.
Helper of the dry eye
False tears may be needed for actors and actresses to cry. But fake tears have far more uses than that of keeping eyes moist for those with dry eyes.
These false tears can be obtained from inside jellyfish, where the most common protein in jellyfish is mucin, where it is a long protein chain containing carbohydrates that can retain moisture. Also, jellyfish use mucin to clean themselves and fight predators.
As it turns out, humans also produce mucin for the same reason. So, for those who have dry eyes, mucin from this jellyfish can keep the eyeballs moist. Mucin itself is already used in the health and beauty industry.