The scale of insects is small insects of the order Hemiptera, suborder Sternorrhyncha. They consist of the Coccoidea superfamily, which was previously placed in a now-obsolete group called “Homoptera”. And you have to learn How Fast Can A Scale Insect Run, And What Insects Are The Fastest?
What is a scale insect? These are animals that can fly and live on shrubs. With this type of plant scale bugs, pulvinaria genus. What is the fastest insect? What is already known in the image of scale on a plant? But not only that scale insect is a pest that can harm and know the treatment for scales on plants.
About scale insects
The sound scale and looks very similar to plant diseases, but the scale is small, parasitic insects. They obey the plant and feed the sap of the plant.
The scales look like lumps and it’s easy to see how they could be mistaken for disease. But it is important to know the difference if you want to take care of and fix the problem.
What is the number of species of insect scale?
There are about 8,000 species of insects of described scale. The collective term for insects Coccidae, Hemiptera. About 60 species are known from Japan. The name comes from the fact that many species do not produce a clear cover of insects and that the skin of the body hardens as an adult.
However, some species are covered by pasta-like secretions, such as rotifers, and that does not harden like rotifers and form eggplants with cotton-like secretions as adults.
The body of the insect is almost round, various things such as flat the back with the back lifted significantly. Some scale insects belong to a relatively large class, their length reaches 1 cm.
Despite having lifelong legs, it attaches to plants that are almost parasitized and live parasitically, absorbs and harms sap, and induces soot disease in excretory fluid (candeo).
How do insects form a scale?
The scale varies greatly in color, shape, and size. They are often a bit round, but not always. The scale of different varieties can be white, black, orange, or colors that blend with the color of the plant, making it increasingly difficult to detect.
Most scales are extremely small, typically ranging in size in 1/16 to 1/8 inch. However, you will never see any of them.
The scale is usually divided into 2 groups:
The scale is gently covered with protective wax substances and is somewhat easier to kill than the armored scale.
The armored scale secretes hard shells over their bodies for protection from predators. The shell also makes it difficult to use pesticides on insects inside.
Plants that are often filled with scales include:
- Euonim, magnolias, and fruit trees and shrubs
- Mealybugs, widespread garden pests, are also part of the family-scale.
What insects are the fastest?
he Australian tiger beetle, genus Cicindela, subgenus Rivacindela, (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae) is the quickest running insect understood. The fastest, Cicindela hudsoni, can operate 2.5 meters/second (5.6 ml/h).
Can you exterminate scale insects?
The scale is easy to control, never destroyed. The crust can be very dead and still hangs on the plant. Soaking for 24 to 30 hours will weaken the plant. Neem did a better job and turned over the small-bodied plant and soaked it in the right mixture between Neem and the water worked well.
How fast can an insect run scale?
They can fly but rarely interfere, and go fastest when they run on two hind legs. In the test they traveled 1.5 meters (5 feet) in one second, reaching speeds of 5.5 km/h (3.4 mph).
Find out more facts and information in Weight of Average Scale Insect: Fact and Information that might help you to learn about them.
Damage caused by scale insects
Scale insects eat by sucking sap from trees and shrubs through the sharp sucking part of the mouth. Administration of sap by scale insects can cause yellowing or withering leaves, dwarf or untidy appearance of plants, and ultimately the death of all or part of the plant when the infestation is heavy.
Weak plants can lose their strength and become more susceptible to injuries caused by drought, severe winters, attacks by other insects such as borers, or infections by disease.
When eating, soft scaly insects secrete a sticky substance called melons. Honeydew is an unevenous mixture of sugar and water passing through the digestive system of insects stored in leaves and stems.
Honeydew can make plants appear shiny and wet and also attract flies, ants, bees, and other insect eaters. Honeydew can encourage the appearance of fungi called soot mushrooms that make plants have a characteristic black, “soot” appearance. It can also litter sidewalks, cars, and houses under trees filled with scales.
Control over scale
Scales are very adept at protecting themselves, at most stages of their life cycle. The scale eggs are laid under the female body so that it is protected by a protective outer layer of the parent scale.
Since the adult scale is so tightly attached to its host plant and covered in its protective layer, the scale is almost impossible to destroy.
It is not uncommon for plants to be destroyed, rather than taking all measures to eradicate the scale so that they do not have time to switch to more plants. However, there are several methods of control that have proven effective against scale.
Control measures are most effective during their so-called “crawler stage”. They are called crawlers when they first hatch because the nymphs have legs at this point and have to crawl to find their place in a factory, to be installed and fed.
That’s when they can be successfully killed with pesticides. However, time is everything and there is a very short time gap. Here are some steps you can take.
The scale can hold back when nymphs or eggs are tucked in the bark of trees. Spray a plant that has just been filled with inactive oil, in late spring, just before its leaves freeze. This will cover the scale before they have a chance to form their protective layer.
If you catch the problem early, pruning an infected branch is often the easiest and most definite solution. Check the plants thoroughly, as well as adjacent plants, to make sure you get all the stems infested.
The scale is preyed on by beneficial insects such as warrior beetles, female beetles, and parasitic wasps. You can encourage them by giving them food and shelter. You can also buy profitable insects by mail, for release in your garden.
Since there are no predators in the room, the scale will spread even faster than outdoors. You should be very diligent in controlling or eliminating the crust when scorching plants indoors.
If you catch the problem early enough, trimming the infested stem can alleviate the problem. Keep an eye out, for a few weeks, to make sure no new scales appear in the factory.
Remove the scales by gently rubbing with a face-quality sponge dipped in rub alcohol. Alcohol alone should kill the scale, but dead insects will remain in your plants and make it difficult for you to find new infestations. Small facial sponges, found in cosmetic aisles, are abrasive, but soft enough to use without scratching the stems of plants.
Be sure to buy a regular sponge, with no cleanser or lotion in it. As usual, test on small areas first, since some plants are more sensitive than others.
Natural control of scale insects
Parasitoids and predators can attack and significantly reduce the population of scale insects. Other natural mortality factors such as bad weather can affect the population, causing variations from year to year.
The presence of biological and natural controls can keep the population on a low scale, so insecticidal treatment is not necessary. Observe the development of scale infestations. If the crust rate decreases, do not treat it.
Rapidly increasing population scales and heavy infestations should be addressed as outlined below. Plants produced for sale must be treated to remain pest-free.