Land turtles are better known as turtles he includes barged reptiles that live on land and not aquatic animals. one of the facts about it is that they can’t get out of its shell. besides that, not all types move slowly, know how fast can a turtle run: size and species, in this article.
tortoise move using his feet, although the speed it is different, you can also recognize the fastest turtle species.
Is that a turtle?
Turtles are scaly four-legged animals that appeal to the reptile group. It can live on land and freshwater. This animal is very easy to recognize by the presence of a hard and rigid bony shell.
What are the dangers of turtle animals?
At first glance, the little turtle looks adorable and harmless. But If you are one of those who keep this animal, you should be vigilant. Because turtles are known to be natural carriers of Salmonella bacteria that can cause serious or even life-threatening infections of a person.
What does a turtle shell do?
This shell has a function to protect the soft parts of the turtle’s body. If there is a danger the turtle’s head and legs will go into its shell.
How fast can a turtle run: size and species
According to some studies, the fastest speed of any reptile was found to be 22 mph (9.8 m/s) in the case of a frightened Pacific sea turtle. Generally, turtles move faster than turtles, even on land. Turtles of the genus Gopherus have recorded speeds of 0.13 to 0.30 mph (0.05 to 0.13 m/s).
In addition to turtles, you can also find the weight of average reptiles: the largest reptiles in the world.
Anatomy of a Turtle
Turtles have unique bodies, have heads that can go in and out. if seen as actually similar to snakes and other reptiles. 4 legs double as fins – a pair at the front and a pair at the back.
The body is protected by a hard shell or commonly called carapace, as well as the lower part is called Plastron. The turtle also has a tail that serves to balance when swimming and a cloaca located around its tail.
Order: Testudinata Linnaeus, 1758
- Regarding the Testudinata tribes, look at the description.
Male tortoises tend to have a slimmer body (carapace) and head than females. Where the size of the body length of the male turtle is about 40% more than the width of the body. While female tortoises have a body size (carapace) and a head that tends to be wider than male turtles.
The size of the body length (carapace) is only about 10% longer than the width of the body. By doing this measurement, we can tell if our child’s pet turtle is male or female without the need to buy another turtle in comparison.
If you are used to seeing the long and wide portions of this carapace, of course, children will be greatly helped every time we take them to a pet shop or see an animal exhibition.
Turtle Life Habits
There are several habits of turtle life, including:
- Turtles can live in various places, ranging from desert areas, grasslands, forests, swamps, rivers, and seas. But most of its species live entirely in aquatic ecosystems, both in fresh water and in the oceans.
- Turtles are plant-eaters “herbivores”, “carnivorous” meat-eaters, or “omnivorous” eaters/mixtures.
- Turtles do not have teeth, but the hardening of the bones in the turtle’s snout can cut out anything that becomes its food.
- Many types of living turtles are now able to hide their heads, legs, and tails into their shells, which can thus save themselves. However, some primitive turtles, such as turtles can not pull in their limbs.
- Turtles breed by laying eggs “Ovipar” once laying eggs can produce several grains (inland turtles) up to more than a hundred eggs (in some types of turtles). The eggs are usually placed on a sandbar by the river or sea, to be then stockpiled and left to hatch with the help of the heat of the sun. Turtle eggs hatch approximately after 2 months (50-70 days) stored in the sand.
- And for the sex of the tortoise cub that will be born one of them is determined by the temperature of the sand where the eggs are stored. In most types of turtles, above-average temperatures will produce female tortoises. And conversely, below-average temperatures tend to produce a lot of male turtles.
Size and Species of Turtles
In all, it is estimated that there are approximately 260 species of turtles from 12 to 14 surviving “family” tribes in different parts of the world. In Indonesia itself there are about 45 species of about 7 tribes of turtles and turtles. Some types of turtles are:
Sub Order of Pleurodira
Chelidae is snake-necked turtles, most of which have long necks. Unable to be pulled in, the turtle’s head is simply folded sideways on the side of its body under the protection of the rim of its shell.
This snake-necked turtle tribe is spread mainly in Papua and Australia as well as in the surrounding islands, in South America as well as on Rote Island, Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. The habitat of these turtles is freshwater.
Like its closest relative, Chelidae, members of the Pelomedusidae tribe are turtles whose habitat is in freshwater. This type of tortoise is spread over the regions of South America, Africa, and Madagascar.
Sub Order of Cryptodira
Cheloniidae turtles are a type of turtle that lives entirely in the ocean, except for females when laying eggs. It can be said that the turtle never stepped on land again after he knew the sea since hatching.
Turtles have irrevocable heads, legs, and tails in their shell oaks. The legs of the rowing turtle and its nostrils on the upper side of the muzzle are the perfect adaptations to marine life. Turtles are widespread in oceans around the world.
Dermochelyidae has only 1 member, namely the leatherback turtle “Dermochelys coriacea”. This type of turtle lives in the great ocean to the cold area. This turtle is the largest surviving turtle.
The length of the body that is neat can reach about 3 meters, although generally only about 1.5 meters or less and weighs about 1 ton.
Chelydridae consists of long-tailed, large-headed freshwater turtles, which spread across the Americas. The exception for one member is Platysternon which is spread in China and Indochina. However, some experts incorporated Platysternon into their tribe, the Platysternidae.
Kinosternidae is a tribe of small freshwater turtles from Central America. This animal can give off an unpleasant smell. Besides, this animal has the same genitalia as an adult male.
Dermatemydae is relatively large turtles and lives in rivers. It spreads in central America.
Carettochelyidae has only 1 surviving member of the pig snout labi-labi “Carettochelys insculpta”, these labi-labi spread limited in southern Papua and northern Australia.
Emydidae are a tribe of aquatic and semi-aquatic tortoises living in freshwater in Europe, Asia, and especially in the Americas. Emydidae is one of the largest turtle tribes in terms of several members.
Geoemydidae are the largest tribe of turtles and live in freshwater, especially in rivers although they are often found on land. Geoemydidae spread in southeast Asia, beyond which members of this tribe are also found in northern Africa, Eurasia, and tropical America.
is a true land turtle with many of its members scattered around the world. Giant tortoises from the Galapagos Islands and long-lived land turtles from the Seychelles Islands belong to this tribe.