Cats getting pregnant is inevitable if they are not castrated or neutered. Just like humans, cats also breed using childbirth, since they are carnivorous mammals. However, did you know How Long Does Cats Stay Pregnant: How to Find Out and How To Take Care Of Her To Keep Kitten Healthy
For those of you who just have a cat as a pet, then get that your cat is pregnant, sometimes feel confused about what to do. Find out the signs of a pregnant cat and how long it takes to give birth in this article.
What are early signs that a cat is pregnant?
The Loss of Lust
Usually, unsterilized female cats enter into a lustful period of 10 days to 2 weeks. These symptoms of lust are characterized by the cat suddenly turning more spoiled, meowing hard, and rolling around on the floor.
Discoloration of nipples
Just like humans, cats also experience changes in the nipple area during pregnancy. In the first week, you can’t see any symptoms, which indicates that your cat is pregnant. But, once inside the second week, the nipple part of the cat will look redder than usual.
As the pregnancy progresses, the nipples turn dark. The area around the nipple will also look larger. Usually, the larger the cat’s nipples are visible, the more kittens are in the womb.
Do you know? It turns out that pregnant cats can also experience morning sickness. Just like humans, during pregnancy cats do become more sensitive to smells. Your cat will vomit frequently in the early stages of pregnancy. Usually, this happens if he is given food with a smell that is too pungent.
Overfeeding can make cats vomit more easily. Therefore, you should give him food in small but frequent portions. This will help prevent nausea while she is eating. So, your cat can still get the nutrients it needs during its pregnancy.
Another similarity you can find in cats and humans while pregnant is the increased appetite. This is natural because her body is preparing to support the gestation period.
Automatically, your cat needs extra nutrients to support the development of its fetus. If she eats more slowly and still noisy asking for food, you should be suspicious, because it is likely that your female cat is pregnant.
So Sleep More Often
Hormonal changes experienced by cats can make their body more easily tired. Therefore, it’s no wonder your cat is often sleepy and likes to sleep. If this behavior change comes along with other pregnancy symptoms, it’s time to see your cat at the vet.
It could be, it’s a sign that your cat is pregnant. Not infrequently this change is also a feature if the cat has a disease. It is recommended that you consult your vet as soon as possible.
Cat’s Stomach Enlarged
As your cat’s gestation period increases, these symptoms will inevitably appear. The more children in their womb, the bigger the size of the cat’s stomach.
If you are not sure, then try to touch the area of his stomach. If you feel a bulge, your cat is certainly positively pregnant. But you should stay alert because a cat’s suddenly enlarged stomach can be a sign of health problems.
Cats So Often Urinate Outside Litterbox
Cats will urinate frequently when their pregnancy has entered its final stages. This causes him to be able to urinate anywhere. The larger size of the uterus and fetus will push the cat’s bladder. As a result, she had difficulty controlling her bladder muscles.
How Long Do Cats Stay Pregnant?
The process of cats getting ready to have children is called queening. A female cat can become pregnant when it is 4 months old unless it has been sterilized. A cat’s pregnancy usually lasts about 63-65 days. Calculations begin since the cat’s ovum is fertilized by the sperm of a male cat. But, in practice, it is difficult to detect pregnancy in the first week.
So, determining the characterization of a pregnant cat 1 week after intercourse is still relatively difficult. Changes in your cat’s behavior and physical changes have not been seen.
If you want to know the pregnancy of the cat in the first week, take the cat to the doctor. The veterinarian has medical equipment that can diagnose early pregnancy appropriately.
Productive age of female cats
Female cats have different puberties. So, as long as the reproductive organs of the cat are perfect, the female cat can conceive. Under normal conditions, female cats aged 4-6 months can already get pregnant.
There’s one thing you need to know. Cats do not have menopause. So, cats can get pregnant and have children from the age of 4-6 months until the end of their life. The cat’s uterus will always be fertile and can always get pregnant. Great, isn’t it?
If the female cat every 3 months has 5 children then a year she has 20 children. Not to mention, when the child comes with children. Then there could be an explosion in the cat population.
The pregnancy period of the cat is divided into three phases, including:
The period of the pregnant cat in the first trimester is 0-3 weeks old. That said, this phase is young pregnancy.
You can give multivitamins that do not contain calcium. Too much calcium intake is not good for the early growth of kitten embryos. Providing food with high-quality nutrition can help keep your cat healthy.
The second trimester of pregnant cats starts from day 25. During pregnancy, your vet can detect the heartbeat of your cat’s fetus. You can also ask your doctor to do an ultrasound to see the development of the fetus.
In the 4th week or the 30th day, begin to add female cat food. Usually, add up to 50% of the daily menu. So, the increase in feeding is as much as 150%.
When the cat’s pregnancy is on its 50th day, check with the veterinary clinic. Ask to do radiography (X-ray). So, you can find out how many kittens will be born.
This procedure is important because it can prevent the risk of complications during childbirth. Suppose, the mother cat is exhausted, the kitten is born in a breech position, pyometra.
By the time it enters the third trimester, the cat has already exhibited nesting behavior. You can make a place from a soft, warm base. Keep the box in a dim, warm place. For a cat that enters labor, it does not like the light too brightly.
What nutrients does your cat need when they’re pregnant?
- High-quality protein
- Quality calories
- Vitamins & minerals to taste
Female cats need more highly nutritious food as a source of energy. Keeping the fetus from the beginning of pregnancy to childbirth is difficult and exhausting. Especially in contractions during childbirth, must be very draining.
Food for Pregnant Cats
As a good owner, you need to provide nutritious food for your cat. Make sure the nutrition is balanced and the amount of food is sufficient. So, kittens will grow well and the production of mother cat breast milk is abundant.
It is recommended that you feed pregnant cats dry and wet food. Don’t always give him dry food. Because if the cat gets tired of eating dry food, he will start hunting mice.
Pregnant cat food for the first trimester
When the pregnancy is 0-3 weeks old, it is best to increase the portion of cat food by 15% of the daily menu.
Pregnant cat food for the second trimester
The second trimester is when the cat is 4-7 weeks pregnant. In the second trimester, the female cat begins to ask for food outside of her mealtimes. You can start giving wet food as extra nutrients at night. In other words, combine the two types of food.
In addition, you should also consider its fluid intake. If the cat drinks in large quantities, that’s good. However, if you see cats rarely drink with tongues always sticking out, you can give wet food a larger portion. Wet food contains more water. So, the need for the fluids of a pregnant cat will be fulfilled.
Pregnant cat food for the third trimester
Maintain a balance between dry and wet foods. Make sure your cat doesn’t lack fluids. In this phase, you can add an extra 50% of your cat’s food to their daily diet.
At the beginning of the third trimester, the cat will ask to eat once every 4 hours. Fulfill his wishes. As the delivery period approaches, your cat’s appetite will decrease.
These symptoms are due to the cat experiencing several contractions in its abdomen. So, the cat begins to get restless and stressed ahead of childbirth. As a result, cats do not want to eat. If your cat looks pale and limp, you can buy vitamins at the pet shop.
If no food is provided, cats are more likely to look for themselves and eat anything depending on their sense of smell, including plants. For those of you who own plants along with keeping cats, know in advance about the List Of Plants Poisonous To Cats.
What are the signs of cats ready to give birth?
As the day of delivery approaches, the cat will meow constantly. Some cat hair falls out. And the cat looks restless.
Here are some signs of cats ready to give birth:
Cat’s mammary gland size increases
As the last week of pregnancy approaches, your cat’s mammary glands will get bigger. The mammary glands are arranged in 2 parallel lines. Its position stretches along the outer walls of the body. This gland extends from the groin area to the lower part of the chest.
Cats usually have 4 pairs of mammary glands. About 2 days before giving birth, she will begin producing breast milk. If you want to check it out, you’ll see a viscous liquid coming out of your cat’s nipples.
The cat will probably lick or let it just dry out. Sometimes you will notice that your cat’s nipples have whitish markings.
Cats start making nests
Cats will behave strangely. He begins to get restless and begins to collect items to make nests, such as scraps, blankets, leaves, and hair loss. You can help him by placing cardboard boxes or nests that have been made in a quiet, warm, dimly lit room, and free from the wind.
Box-shaped nests are essential to protect kittens from the cold. Newborn kittens still have weak endurance. He can’t regulate his body temperature. Another important thing you should do is make sure the location of the nest box is out of reach of the crowd, away from the children, and isolated from other animals.
Your cat’s body temperature will drop
At the time of pregnancy, the cat’s body is slightly warmer. You can measure the temperature periodically with a cat-specific thermometer. The normal temperature of the cat is between 37.7 to 39.1 degrees Celsius.
At the time of giving birth, the cat’s body temperature drops suddenly. A day or two before giving birth, her body temperature will drop to 37.2 degrees Celsius (99ºF). You can measure his body temperature through the armpits.
Cats will begin to show noticeable changes in behavior. During the last week of pregnancy, the cat may become happy to hide in a closed place.
Female cats that will give birth are usually more spoiled to their owners. Of course, it is affected by hormones. In addition, the cat turns restless and always pacing in and out of place. As an owner, you must calm down by stroking or talking to make your cat calmer. If you can, it’s best to avoid stroking the abdomen, as this will make your cat uncomfortable.
In the last days approaching birth, the mother cat will experience a decrease in appetite. He’ll show restless and anxious behavior. The cat feels a continuous contraction in its abdomen. The insistence of an increasingly heavy baby fetus will make most cats do not feel hungry. He’ll refuse when you feed him.
How do cats give birth?
When wanting to give birth the cat will meow constantly and contractions begin to occur. The process of childbirth began. The first process begins with the discharge of blood into the cat’s reproductive tract. Next, the kittens come out one by one.
How to Take Care of Your Kitten to Stay Healthy
Keep the temperature of the cage or room warm
When you prepare a cage for a baby cat, then pay attention to the temperature to keep it warm. Baby cats, especially newborns are still vulnerable and cannot withstand cold or hot air.
If necessary install incandescent lights in their cages to warm the baby cat. Cat cages need to be placed in a warm place.
Help clean up the rest of the placenta in the mother cat
Although the mother cat can give birth on her own and clean her body, sometimes there are still remnants of the placenta left on the baby cat’s body, and the mother does not want to get close. You can help clean it by cutting out the remains of the placenta so that the baby cat’s body becomes clean and the mother gets closer. It also helps the mother cat to want to breastfeed her cubs faster.
Place it with its parent and don’t separate it
Baby cats still rely heavily on their mother. Therefore, let her stay with her mother so that she can breastfeed, cleanse, and give her a warm taste. Place the mother cat and her baby in a wider cage so that the mother can move freely while looking after the baby.
Do not hold it at under 1 week
Avoid holding baby cats under the age of 1 week. Usually, this will cause anger for the mother. You can only and it is recommended to hold it when it is over 2 to 7 weeks so that it is used to be touched by humans.
Make sure the baby cat is breastfed by its mother
Newborn cats consume only milk. Like humans, the mother cat when new to childbirth can produce milk containing colostrum. Of course, this is very good for the immunity of the baby cat, because it contains protein, antibodies, vitamin D, and vitamin A so that the baby cat has good immunity.
If you’re caring for a baby cat without a mother, try to give it fresh milk. This is because baby cats are easier to digest fresh taste than sweetness.
Other ways to keep your newborn baby cat healthy
- Pay attention to the smoothness of urination and defecation
- Weigh baby cat weight every day for the first 2 months
- Make sure your baby cat gets enough milk
- Clean baby cat’s eyes regularly
- Keep the cage clean
- Do not use ointment on the body of a baby cat that is 3 weeks old and above
- Give extra milk
- Do not give cow’s milk to baby cats
- Do not bathe before the age of 9 weeks
- Give extra food
- Teach him to urinate and big
- If you see any health problems immediately contact your vet
- Keep baby cats out of reach of children
- Take care of your mother’s health
- Take it to the vet periodically