The eye has a fairly complex nervous system and one of the most important parts is the retina. When the retina is damaged, the ability to see a person will certainly be impaired. Learn how to prevent, and protect a torn retina in How To Prevent Retinal Detachment: Causes and Treatment.
What are the causes of Retinal detachment?
Tearing of the retina
A torn or perforated retina can cause fluid in the eyeball to enter, then accumulate between the retinal layer and the back wall of the eyeball. If left unchecked, the retina may eventually lack blood intake until it finally detaches from the back wall of the eyeball.
Tears or holes in the retina are prone to be experienced by people with severe minus-eye conditions, old age, family history with retinal ablation, previous history of retinal ablation, history of eye surgery (such as cataract surgery), or trauma to the eyes.
The spread of scarring in the retina can pull the retina from the back wall of the eyeball. This condition of scarring in the retina can occur in diabetics.
Leakage of blood vessels in the retina can cause fluid accumulation in the part between the retina and the back wall layer of the eyeball. This condition is very rare in cases of eye inflammation or abnormal abnormalities of the blood vessels of the eye.
Can retinal ablation heal?
Retinal ablation can certainly be cured. But there is a risk that it leads to fatal if it does not get treatment immediately. The quality of vision can be reduced until the eyes are completely blind.
How to Treat Retinal Detachment?
Treating a Torn Retina
When a torn or perforated retina has not yet come off, an eye surgeon may suggest one of the following procedures prevent retinal detachment and maintain vision:
Laser Surgery (Photocoagulation)
In laser surgery, the surgeon will direct a laser beam to the eye through the pupil. The laser beam will then create burns around the retinal tear and help the retina stay attached to the tissues underneath.
After giving you a local anesthetic to numb your eyes, the surgeon will apply a frozen probe to the outer surface of the eye, directly above the eye tear. This freeze will cause scars that help keep the retina attached to the eyewall.
Both procedures are performed on an outpatient basis. But after undergoing the procedure, you may be advised to avoid activities that may interfere with the eyes, such as running, for a few weeks or more.
Treating Detached Retinas
When the retina is removed, surgery needs to be performed to correct it. Surgery should be carried out as soon as possible, about a few days after diagnosis. The type of surgery suggested by the surgeon depends on several factors, one of which is how severe the condition of retinal detachment is. Here are the types of operations that can be performed.
In this procedure, the surgeon will inject air or gas bubbles into the middle of the eye (vitreous cavity). When positioned correctly, air bubbles push the area of the retina that has holes or holes in the eyewall, thus stopping the flow of fluid to space behind the retina. The doctor may also use cryopexy techniques during the procedure to repair the retina.
The fluid collected under the retina will be absorbed by itself, then it can be re-attached to the wall of your eye. Once the procedure is complete, you may need to keep your head in a certain position for up to a few days to keep the bubbles in the right position.
Bubbles can eventually be reabsorbed by themselves. This procedure is usually chosen when only a small part of the detached retina.
In this procedure, the surgeon will sew a piece of silicone material from the outer side of the white part of the eye (sclera). This silicone brings the eyeball wall closer to the retina so that the retina returns to its position.
If the retinal detachment is severe enough, the surgeon can create a scleral buckle that circles your entire eye like a belt. Buckles are placed as such so as not to interfere with your vision and are usually permanently installed.
In this procedure, the surgeon will remove the vitreous fluid along with any tissue that attracts the retina. Then, air bubbles, gas, or silicon will be injected into the vitreous chamber to help hold the retina in position. Over time, the gas bubbles will be replaced by body fluids naturally.
How much does retinal detachment surgery cost?
Overall, treatments for retinal detachment typically cost about $5,000-$10,000 or more per eye.
When do I need to have retinal ablation surgery?
If the retina is torn, the treatment that the doctor may give is surgery. The surgical procedure can be performed in conjunction with photocoagulation or cryopexy. The surgeon needs a detailed description of the condition of your retina before determining the proper medical treatment.
What should I look out for before undergoing retinal ablation surgery?
Tears or retinal holes can be treated without any surgery. This treatment uses a laser (photocoagulation) or freezing (cryopexy). Sometimes, some people need a second operation for treatment to be successful. Eye surgery is not always perfect to reattach the retina.
A pre-installed retina also doesn’t guarantee your vision to be normal. How well you see your vision postoperatively depends on the condition of the middle part of the retina (macula) affected by detachment before surgery. Eye recovery after retinal ablation surgery may take several months. But in some cases, it is found that patients whose vision cannot be restored.
What should I do before undergoing retinal ablation surgery?
At the stage of preparing for surgery, make sure you inform your doctor about your health condition, medications being taken, or any allergies you have. The anesthesiologist will explain the anesthetic procedure completely, and clearly, as well as provide further instructions.
Make sure you follow all directions and regulations from your doctor. One of them is the prohibition to eat and drink before the operation is performed. You are generally required to fast for six hours before the surgery. However, you may be allowed to consume drinks such as coffee a few hours before surgery.
How does retinal ablation surgery work?
Various anesthesia techniques may be used in this process. In general, the operation will take from 90 minutes to two hours. Surgeons who perform surgery on patients can repair tears or holes in the retina using lasers or freezing techniques.
Specifically, through surgery, retinal ablation can be treated with a gel removal procedure in the middle of the eye and replace with air bubbles, gas, or silicone oil.
What should I do after retinal ablation surgery?
Avoid swimming or lifting anything heavy. Regular exercise is proven to improve long-term health. But before you decide to exercise, seek advice from a doctor.
New glasses are highly recommended to improve your visual acuity. The doctor will then arrange an eye test about one month after the surgery. It will take some time to restore your vision.
Will retinal ablation treatment with surgery be successful?
Each surgery has its success rate, although generally surgery to overcome retinal ablation has a high success rate, in certain chronic conditions, vision in people who perform postoperative retinal ablation does not fully return.
How To Prevent Retinal Detachment
In general, no way has been found to prevent retinal ablation. Especially in preventing the cause of retinal ablation regmatogen in the form of aging which is a natural process.
- Retinal detachment can be prevented by performing regular eye examinations with a specialist. The faster it is detected, the higher the success rate of handling.
- Regular eye examinations can also identify changes in the eyes that you may not be aware of.
- Check with your ophthalmologist immediately if floaters, flashes of light, or any changes affect your view immediately.
- When you exercise, be sure to wear protective goggles, or when doing activities that risk eye injury.
- Routinely control sugar levels and blood pressure, to keep retinal blood vessels healthy.
- If you have a history of diabetes, it’s a good idea to adjust your blood sugar levels to avoid retinal detachment.
Tips to maintain retinal eye health
To keep your retina healthy, there are a few steps you can take:
Consumption of nutritious food
Meet your nutritional needs, especially vitamins A, C, E, lutein, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids. You can get these nutrients by eating green vegetables, nuts, eggs, and sea fish. Also, know about Healthy Foods High In Fiber.
Exposure to ultraviolet light directly to the eye, in the long run, can increase the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration. Therefore, wear sunglasses when you want to take a long time outdoors during the day.
Rest your eyes
Staring at a computer or cell phone screen for hours on end can cause eye strain. This habit can cause blurred vision, difficulty focusing eyes, dry eyes, and pain in the head and nape. You can get around this by switching your eyes away from your computer screen or smartphone for 20 seconds, every 20 minutes.
The long-term effects of smoking can interfere with overall health, including eye health. Smoking can increase the risk of cataract disease, damage to the optic nerve, and macular degeneration that is capable of causing blindness. Therefore, you are advised to stop smoking.