How To Prevent Retinal Detachment: Causes and Treatment

How To Prevent Retinal Detachment

The eye has a fairly complex nervous system and one of the most important parts is the retina. When the retina is damaged, the ability to see a person will certainly be impaired. Learn how to prevent, and protect a torn retina in How To Prevent Retinal Detachment: Causes and Treatment.


What are the causes of Retinal detachment?

Tearing of the retina

A torn or perforated retina can cause fluid in the eyeball to enter, then accumulate between the retinal layer and the back wall of the eyeball. If left unchecked, the retina may eventually lack blood intake until it finally detaches from the back wall of the eyeball.

Tears or holes in the retina are prone to be experienced by people with severe minus-eye conditions, old age, family history with retinal ablation, previous history of retinal ablation, history of eye surgery (such as cataract surgery), or trauma to the eyes.



The spread of scarring in the retina can pull the retina from the back wall of the eyeball. This condition of scarring in the retina can occur in diabetics.


Vascular leakage

Leakage of blood vessels in the retina can cause fluid accumulation in the part between the retina and the back wall layer of the eyeball. This condition is very rare in cases of eye inflammation or abnormal abnormalities of the blood vessels of the eye.


Can retinal ablation heal?

Retinal ablation can certainly be cured. But there is a risk that it leads to fatal if it does not get treatment immediately. The quality of vision can be reduced until the eyes are completely blind.

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How to Treat Retinal Detachment?

Treating a Torn Retina

When a torn or perforated retina has not yet come off, an eye surgeon may suggest one of the following procedures prevent retinal detachment and maintain vision:


Laser Surgery (Photocoagulation)

In laser surgery, the surgeon will direct a laser beam to the eye through the pupil. The laser beam will then create burns around the retinal tear and help the retina stay attached to the tissues underneath.


Freezing (cryopexy)

After giving you a local anesthetic to numb your eyes, the surgeon will apply a frozen probe to the outer surface of the eye, directly above the eye tear. This freeze will cause scars that help keep the retina attached to the eyewall.

Both procedures are performed on an outpatient basis. But after undergoing the procedure, you may be advised to avoid activities that may interfere with the eyes, such as running, for a few weeks or more.


Treating Detached Retinas

When the retina is removed, surgery needs to be performed to correct it. Surgery should be carried out as soon as possible, about a few days after diagnosis. The type of surgery suggested by the surgeon depends on several factors, one of which is how severe the condition of retinal detachment is. Here are the types of operations that can be performed.


Pneumatic Retinopeksi

In this procedure, the surgeon will inject air or gas bubbles into the middle of the eye (vitreous cavity). When positioned correctly, air bubbles push the area of the retina that has holes or holes in the eyewall, thus stopping the flow of fluid to space behind the retina. The doctor may also use cryopexy techniques during the procedure to repair the retina.

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The fluid collected under the retina will be absorbed by itself, then it can be re-attached to the wall of your eye. Once the procedure is complete, you may need to keep your head in a certain position for up to a few days to keep the bubbles in the right position.

Bubbles can eventually be reabsorbed by themselves. This procedure is usually chosen when only a small part of the detached retina.


Scleral Buckling

In this procedure, the surgeon will sew a piece of silicone material from the outer side of the white part of the eye (sclera). This silicone brings the eyeball wall closer to the retina so that the retina returns to its position.

If the retinal detachment is severe enough, the surgeon can create a scleral buckle that circles your entire eye like a belt. Buckles are placed as such so as not to interfere with your vision and are usually permanently installed.



In this procedure, the surgeon will remove the vitreous fluid along with any tissue that attracts the retina. Then, air bubbles, gas, or silicon will be injected into the vitreous chamber to help hold the retina in position. Over time, the gas bubbles will be replaced by body fluids naturally.


How much does retinal detachment surgery cost?

Overall, treatments for retinal detachment typically cost about $5,000-$10,000 or more per eye.

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