Skin rash is a skin change in the form of redness, spots, or blisters due to irritation or inflammation. After diagnose pictures of the identification chart, it appears he often appears in the area on the face, legs, torso, and back. Therefore you must identifying skin rashes in adults: foods to avoid.
What is a skin rash?
Skin rash is a condition in which the skin experiences irritation that causes a red hue accompanied by itching and pain due to inflammation of the skin (dermatitis).
In some conditions, rashes can also cause blisters. This condition often appears as a symptom of various skin problems.
The rash is a very broad medical term. This condition can appear in a variety of forms depending on the cause. for the treatment process will also be done by the disease suffered.
What increases the risk of skin rashes?
A history of allergies or asthma in the family increases the risk of skin rashes. Frequently doing certain activities such as gardening or spending time outdoors can also increase opportunities.
So is the deformity of the color and texture of the skin of poisonous plants or insects.
Types of skin rashes in adults
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Atopic dermatitis is an ongoing (chronic) condition that makes the skin red and itchy.
Most often there are spots on the hands, feet, ankles, neck, upper body to limbs. The condition tends to become inflamed periodically and then subside for a while.
Some of the causes can include:
- substances on clothing dyes
- beauty products
- poisonous plants
- chemicals, such as latex or rubber, as well as
- chlorine from the pool
Seborrheic dermatitis is a type of skin disease that attacks the scalp and causes reddishness, scaly patches, and dandruff. Seborrheic eczema can also occur in the ears, mouth, or nose.
Contact dermatitis is a rash caused by direct contact with certain substances. it will give rise to features such as dry rash, scaly, not itchy.
Many substances, such as cleaning products or industrial chemicals, can cause this condition. The irritation will cause rashes in exposed people, but some people’s skin may be more easily affected.
Pityriasis rosea is a smooth, itchy, scaly rash that usually appears first as a single spot on the chest, abdomen, or back.
This rash can spread as a small patch on the back, chest, and other necks. Rashes can form a pattern on the back that resembles a Christmas tree.
The condition can usually disappear without treatment within 4 to 10 weeks but can last several months.
Intertrigo is an inflammation caused by friction of the skin to the skin, which often occurs in warm and moist areas of the body. For example, the groin, skin folds in the abdomen, under the breast, under the arms, or between the toes.
Psoriasis is a skin condition that can cause scaly skin, itching, and red marks to form along the scalp, elbows, and joints.
It is a bacterial infection of the skin. Cellulitis usually appears with redness and swollen areas that hurt when touched. If left untreated, the infection that causes cellulitis can spread and become life-threatening.
Shingles or shingles are a condition caused by varicella-zoster virus infection. This condition can trigger itching and rashes on some parts of the body such as the back, chest, or face. Besides, you may feel pain in the affected part of the body.
Pityriasis Rubra pilaris
The rash due to pityriasis rubra pilaris is reddish-orange and generally appears on the chest, palms, and feet. Inflammation and exfoliation can also occur.
Diseases with unclear causes have varying treatments. Starting from oral retinoids (such as isotretinoin), methotrexate-like drugs that will suppress the immune system, to topical drugs.
How common is this disease?
This condition is relatively common and has been experienced by millions of people in the world. Rashes on the skin can occur at any age. However, women are more susceptible to this skin condition.
In most cases, the rash may not require treatment and may disappear on its own. Although this problem can often be solved at home, other rashes are a sign of serious health problems that should be treated immediately by a doctor.
You can solve this problem by reducing risk factors. Discuss with your doctor for more information.
Symptoms of skin rash
Symptoms of skin rashes can usually be instantly seen with the naked eye. Generally, in adults, this condition usually appears on the hands and elbows.
In children, symptoms of the disease are often seen in the inner elbow, behind the knee, face, back of the neck, and scalp.
Common symptoms of this condition are:
- reddened skin
- thick, rough skin by scratching at areas of skin that are scaly, hardened or dry,
- blisters fester, as well as
- infection of damaged areas of the skin.
When to go to the doctor because of a skin rash?
Contact your doctor immediately if a rash on the skin raises the following signs.
- Found throughout the body, this condition can be indicated by an allergic reaction or infection
- Fever above 38 ° C accompanied by a rash
- It appears suddenly and spreads rapidly.
- Turns into open sores as the rash starts to blister
- It hurts and interferes with your activities.
- The rash turns crusty, secretes a yellow or green liquid, and is swollen. It could be that this condition indicates an infection.
- Disrupt your bedtime.
- Feel joint pain.
The symptoms that appear in each person may vary. If you are concerned about the symptoms, consult a doctor immediately to find the right solution.
Causes of skin rashes
There are several possible causes of skin rashes, including allergic reactions, diseases, and treatments. The condition may also be caused by bacteria, fungi, or parasitic infections. Below are some of the causes of skin rashes in humans.
Sweat turns out to have the potential to cause irritating patches on the skin. It is named cholinergic urticaria. Usually, this reaction appears after exercise, when you stay in a hot place, or when experiencing anxiety.
The mechanism of occurrence is suspected by the release of histamine compounds when body temperature increases. It is this histamine that makes you feel the symptoms of skin rashes.
Certain treatments can cause a person to develop a rash. This condition often arises probably due to side effects or allergic reactions.
Some treatments, including antibiotics, cause a person to be more susceptible to sunlight. The reaction looks a lot like sunburn.
Infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi can also cause skin rash disease. This condition varies depending on the type of infection.
One example is candidiasis, a common fungal infection, causing the affected skin to have discoloration and itchy textures that commonly appear in the folds of the skin.
Contact your doctor immediately if you are indicated to have an infection.
Autoimmune conditions arise when a person’s immune system begins to attack health. Several autoimmune diseases can partially cause skin rashes, one of which is lupus.
Lupus is a condition that affects several body systems, including the skin. This results in red butterfly-shaped patches on the face.
This condition can occur due to insect bites, such as tick bites. Tick bites are of particular concern because they can transmit diseases.
It is common skin irritation in infants and toddlers. This condition is usually caused by sitting too long in a dirty diaper causing skin irritation and redness.
Scabies is an attack of small fleas that live and hide in the skin. It causes a wavy and itchy rash.
Besides, do you know, How to remove, treat, cure ringworm quickly in humans? know the symptoms, causes, and treatment of ringworm for adults. adults
Identifying skin rashes in adults: foods to avoid
Skin rashes are easily identified by diagnosing the outer layer of the skin. First, the doctor will see the shape and extent of the redness of the skin. In the meantime, the doctor asks you what symptoms you feel.
Then, the doctor determines the type of skin rash based on the density, color, size, softness, and texture of the skin. The spread of this condition is also an important indicator in making a diagnosis.
To confirm the results, sometimes you also have to undergo other procedures. That can include taking skin samples that will later be examined in the laboratory.
Allergy skin tests with patches are also one of the options. The trick is to apply allergens on the skin to see the possibility of allergies.
Foods to avoid
Histamine is one of the nutrients in food that can cause itchy skin. Therefore avoid products containing histamines such as canned fish, smoked fish, soy sauce, beer, vinegar, mayonnaise, grapes, and sausages. Besides, fermented foods are also high in histamine.
Another category of foods that can improve itchy skin problems is seafood. Many people are allergic to seafood. This is caused by antibodies that detect protein content in seafood that are harmful and not accepted by the body, thus causing skin rash allergies.
Foods that increase histamine
Certain foods tend to stimulate the amount of histamine in the body. This can make your skin rash worse. Therefore avoid foods such as chocolate, strawberries, egg whites, oranges and lemons, nuts, milk, and more.
All dairy products
Avoid all products made from milk if you suffer from an itchy rash on the skin. Because casein and beta-lactoglobulin proteins in milk are known as the main allergens. If consumed will stimulate allergic reactions. Therefore, avoid the consumption of yogurt, cheese, and cream to cure skin rashes.
Eating legumes can worsen the itching of skin rashes. Because nuts can cause your allergic reaction to appear. Avoid foods containing peanuts for a faster healing process.
Reduce salt consumption
Consuming excessive salt can make the skin dry, causing itching and irritation. Reduce salt consumption for a few days when suffering from an itchy rash.
Skin rash treatment
Most skin rashes are not serious diseases and can disappear on their own. The treatment is only intended to relieve the intensity of symptoms, such as reducing itching or soreness.
For that, you can buy calamine drugs or lotions. There is also a hydrocortisone cream that can be obtained without a doctor’s prescription to help reduce rashes. You simply apply this drug to the skin by the rules of use stated on the packaging.
Before buying such medicines, it is worth discussing this with a doctor. Comparing brands with each other is necessary to determine the best solution.
But again, this condition may appear as a symptom of another more serious disease. Treatment must certainly be adjusted to the disease suffered. If the rash is also accompanied by other symptoms, first make sure of the disease by checking with a doctor.
Similarly, if reddish patches appear and spread rapidly on large areas of the skin, professional treatment will be urgently needed.
What to do when exposed to skin rashes due to allergies?
- If you have a skin rash due to allergies, you can do some treatments below.
- Avoid direct contact with the cause of allergies. You should not touch things that trigger allergies.
- Chill the affected areas of the skin with a compressor shower to soothe the rash. Wash the skin gently and apply moisturizer.
- Soak the affected skin with colloidal oatmeal, which is oatmeal that has been pounded into porridge and mixed with water. It can soothe inflamed skin for some people.
- Use an anti-itch cream.
- Wear loose clothing. Do not wear tight clothing that increases your risk of developing this problem.
If you have a skin problem that never heals by itself, check with a doctor even though the condition looks improved after being treated in a home-made way.
This skin condition appears in various forms. The causes can also vary. However, there are some simple ways to deal with this condition that you can do at home.
Check out the list below.
- Use soft body soap, which does not contain perfume. Choose soap made for sensitive skin or baby skin. Do not use soap excessively.
- Avoid bathing with hot water.
- Let the skin breathe, do not coat it with plaster.
- Do not rub and scratch the rash, this habit can worsen the condition and increase the risk of infection.
- If the skin is deformed and the texture feels dry, use a moisturizer without fragrance.
- Do not use cosmetics or lotions that have the potential to cause this condition.
- Wash your hair and scalp regularly with an anti dandruff shampoo, if you find dandruff accompanied by a skin rash. You can buy it freely or ask for a doctor’s prescription.
Contact your doctor immediately if you feel any of the above symptoms. Proper treatment can minimize the consequences, so that treatment can be done faster.