Lisinopril is a drug that works to treat people with high blood pressure. This drug belongs to the group of ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme). Should you know about Is Lisinopril a Blood Thinner? How it Works and Side Effects.
Is Lisinopril a Blood Thinner?
Yes, it is true, lisinopril is a drug for blood thinners that serves to lower blood pressure in hypertensive sufferers. With controlled blood pressure, complications such as congestive heart failure or stroke can be lowered.
In addition to lowering blood pressure, lisinopril can also be used in the treatment of heart failure or post-cardiac arrest. And it works by widening blood vessels, so that blood can flow more smoothly and relieve the workload of the heart in pumping blood.
Why can the lisinopril dilute the blood?
ACE inhibitors work by inhibiting the production of angiotensin in the body. Angiotensin is a chemical compound that causes arterial blood vessels to tighten and stiffen. By taking this medicine, blood vessels become sagging so that blood can flow more easily and smoothly.
In addition to lowering blood pressure, this hypertensive drug is also useful to treat heart failure and chronic renal failure. The drug also helps prevent heart attacks, strokes, as well as protect the kidneys from complications of diabetes.
Your doctor may be able to prescribe this drug for things not mentioned in the following reviews. Please ask directly to the doctor to find out more about this drug.
It’s important to know
Lisinopril is a hard drug whose use should be closely monitored by a doctor. Make sure this drug is used in accordance with the doctor’s recommendation to avoid the risk of dangerous side effects.
Keep in mind that lisinopril only helps control hypertension and prevent complications due to hypertension, but not to cure hypertension.
Should also know other blood thinners such as Is Acetaminophen a Blood Thinner? What Blood Thinners to Avoid Prior to Surgery? This is Acetaminophen is an analgesic and antipyretic type drug. Acetaminophen is also known as Paracetamol. The drug is used to treat pain as well as fever.
Know the Dose of Lisinopril before you consume it
The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice but for, always consult a doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment.
What is the dose of Lisinopril for adults?
Everyone will probably get a different dosage of the drug. This is because the dosing is adjusted to the health condition and the patient’s response to treatment.
To overcome hypertension, the recommended starting dose is 10 mg per day. The dosage of treatment is 20 mg per day. If needed, the dose can also be increased to 80 mg per day.
In case of heart failure, a safe dose of Lisinopril is 2.5-5 mg per day. The dose can be increased up to 40 mg per day, with an increase in the dose less than 10 in a 4-week discharging interval.
While to prevent kidney problems due to diabetes, the drug can be administered at a dose of 10 mg once a day. The dose can be increased to 20 mg once a day, or up to the patient’s diastolic pressure of less than 90 mm Hg.
Your doctor may change the dosage of the drug to ensure that you get the right dose. Obey the prescription given by the doctor despite changing several times.
Do not take more or fewer medications than stated in the prescription. If the doctor asks you to stop taking it, stop it immediately. Conversely, if your doctor hasn’t asked you to continue taking medication, follow the rules even if you may feel healthy.
It is best to notify your doctor or pharmacist immediately if your condition does not improve or worsen. Your doctor may provide other medications that are more suitable and safe for your condition.
What is the dose of Lisinopril for children?
Dosing for children based on their age and weight. The doctor also considers the health condition as well as the child’s response to the drug.
Therefore, the dosage of the drug for each child can be different, to know the exact dose, please consult a doctor directly.
In what dosages is Lisinopril available?
Lisinopril is available in tablet form with a strength of 5 mg and 10 mg.
Is Lisinopril safe for pregnant and nursing mothers?
There is no adequate research on the risks of using this drug in pregnant or nursing mothers. Always consult your doctor to consider potential benefits and risks before using this drug.
The drug falls into category D pregnancy risk according to the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) in the United States, or equivalent to the Food and Drug Administration (BPOM) in Indonesia.
Here’s a reference to the category of pregnancy risk according to the FDA:
A = Not risky
B = Not risky in some studies
C = May be risky
D = There is positive evidence of risk
X = Contraindications
N = Unknown
There has not been adequate information about the safety of using this drug during pregnancy and lactation. Always consult your doctor to consider potential benefits and risks before using this drug.
It is not yet known whether the drug can enter breast milk or harm the baby when breastfeeding. Therefore, do not use this drug without the approval of a doctor if you are breastfeeding.
Can food or alcohol interact with Lisinopril?
Certain medications should not be used at the time of meals or when eating certain foods as drug interactions may occur. Consuming alcohol or tobacco with certain medications can also cause interactions to occur. Discuss your drug use with food, alcohol, or tobacco in advance with your health care provider.
What health conditions can interact with Lisinopril?
The presence of other health problems in your body can affect the use of this drug. Notify your doctor if you have any other health problems, especially:
- Liver disease
- Systemic lupus erythematosus
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Fluid imbalance
- Heart or vascular disease
- Vascular collagen disease along with kidney disease or Scleroderma
- Kidney problems, the effect can increase due to the slower production of the drug from the body.
How to use Lisinopril?
The drug can be taken before or after meals. Ask your doctor when is the best time to take this medicine.
If the doctor prescribes liquid medicine, shake the bottle first. Make sure you use a measuring spoon that is usually available in the packaging of the drug. Do not use a regular home spoon as the dosage can be inappropriate. If a measuring spoon is not available, ask the pharmacist directly.
The dosing of the drug is adjusted to the health condition and the patient’s response to treatment. This is why dosages for each person may be different.
Use the drug Lisinopril regularly to get the best benefits. So that no dose is missed, use the drug at the same time every day. It is best not to start or stop treatment without consulting a doctor first.
Many people with high blood pressure do not feel any excruciating pain or symptoms. Therefore, keep taking this medicine until the deadline determined by the doctor even if you already feel healthy.
Contact your doctor immediately if you are constantly vomiting, diarrhea, or sweating more than usual. During the course of taking this drug, you may also be more easily dehydrated.
Dehydration causes very low blood pressure. That’s why routinely check blood pressure when visiting the doctor so one of the things that should not be missed.
High blood pressure patients may take about 2 to 4 weeks to feel the optimal benefits of this drug. As for heart failure patients, they may need longer treatment.
Regardless of the length of time you take the drug, be sure to always inform your doctor of the progress of your condition. If blood pressure continues to rise, feel free to ask the doctor for other alternative medications.
Most importantly, always follow the rules given by the doctor or pharmacist before starting treatment. If you have any questions, consult as clearly as possible.
How Does Lisinopril Interact with Other Drugs?
There are several interaction effects that can occur if lisinopril is consumed with certain medications, among others:
- Increased risk of angioedema if used with sirolimus, alteplase, sacubitril, or racecadotril
- Increased risk of hypotension, hyperkalemia, and kidney failure if used with aliskiren
- Increased risk of anaphylactic reactions if used with dextran
- Increased blood loss effect of lisinopril if used with diuretics or other antihypertensive drugs
- Increased risk of hypoglycemia if used with insulin or antidiabetic drugs
- Increased levels and toxic effects of lithium in the blood
- Increased risk of kidney damage and decreased antihypertensive effect of lisinopril if used with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Increased risk of hyperkalemia if used with potassium supplements or potassium-sparing diuretics
Side Effects and Dangers of Lisinopril
Lisinopril can cause a drop in blood pressure resulting in hypotension. In addition, there are several side effects that can occur after taking lisinopril, including:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dry cough
- Unusual tiredness
- Nasal congestion or colds
- Decreased sexual arousal
Check with your doctor if the above-mentioned complaints do not go away or get worse. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction or experience more serious side effects, such as:
- Very heavy limp
- Irregular heart rate or heart palpitations
- Very severe nausea or vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Severe abdominal pain
- Swelling of the limbs or arms
How to store Lisinopril?
Lisinopril is a hypertensive drug that should be stored at room temperature. Keep the drug away from direct light and damp places. Do not store in the bathroom.
Don’t freeze. Each drug brand may have different storage rules. Pay attention to the storage instructions on the product packaging or check with your pharmacist. Keep all medicines away from children and pets as they are dangerous.
Do not flush the medicines into the toilet or into the sewer unless instructed. Dispose of this product when the validity period has expired.
Consult a pharmacist or local waste disposal company on how to safely dispose of your product.
What should I do if 1 overdose?
In case of an emergency or overdose, contact your local emergency services provider or immediately to the nearest hospital emergency unit.
Symptoms of overdose are:
- The head is like hovering
What should I do if I miss 1 dose?
If you forget to take 1 dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, when the next dose is approaching, skip the forgotten dose and return to the usual dosage schedule. Do not double the dose.