Along with direct saliva pops, there are lots of methods of pneumonia.To avoid this infection, you must recognize how pneumonia can be transmitted from one person to another. is pneumonia contagious in adults, how long is pneumonia contagious?
The manner pneumonia is transmitted could be via the atmosphere and items around us. Everyone has the potential to develop this disease. Therefore, as a preventative measure, you must know about the spread of the disease.
What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a condition in which a person has an infection that occurs in the air sacs in the person’s lungs. Pneumonia-induced infections can occur on either side of the lungs or both.
The infected air sac will be filled with fluid and pus (purulent phlegm). Viral, bacterial, or fungal diseases are the chief causes of pneumonia.
How to Transmit Pneumonia?
Pneumonia can spread in several ways. Viruses and bacteria commonly found in a child’s neck or nose can irritate the lungs when inhaled.
According to who, the disease can spread through the blood, especially during birth or shortly after birth.
Besides, germs can spread through droplets or droplets, through the air from coughing or sneezing to the moment a person speaks.
When someone with pneumonia coughs and sneezes, they will spout small droplets of germ-containing liquid into the air. These droplets can be inhaled by someone nearby.
How to Prevent Pneumonia Transmission
A person can prevent the spread of pneumonia by carrying out several simple hygiene precautions, such as:
- Wash your hands regularly and thoroughly, especially after touching your nose and mouth and before holding food.
- Cough and sneeze into the tissue, then immediately throw it away and wash your hands.
- Do not share cutlery and toiletries with others.
Is pneumonia contagious in adults, how long is pneumonia contagious?
Yes, pneumonia can be transmitted in adults, This lung infection is a type of infectious disease that can be excreted through specific breathing through sputum splashes issued by sufferers.
The influx of germs is called the incubation period. Each pulmonary infection is different if pneumonia incubation period can be quickly 2-7 days. But actually, the body also has immunity so it is not easy to get sick.
Pneumonia is also much more contagious than the flu. This is due to a decrease in the immune system that can make bacteria develop and cause infections in the lungs.
In rare cases, pneumonia can also develop through infections caused when germs enter the lungs through the bloodstream.
In addition to direct splashing of saliva, there are many ways of transmitting pneumonia. To avoid this infection, you should recognize What is Pneumonia Contagious Period After Antibiotics?
Causes and Risk Factors for Pneumonia
The causes of pneumonia vary but based on the organism and the place of its spread, pneumonia is distinguished into two, namely community pneumonia whose spread occurs in the community (general environment), and pneumonia transmitted in hospitals.
Organisms that can be the cause of pneumonia transmitted in a common environment are different from in hospitals, generally, organisms that result in hospital-transmitted pneumonia are more difficult to treat.
Examples of organisms that cause pneumonia that is transmitted in public places include:
- Bacteria, the most frequent is Streptococcus pneumonia.
- A bacteria-like organism, Mycoplasma pneumonia.
- Mushrooms, usually fungi will attack people with immune system disorders.
Even Though It can Occur to anyone, some people are more susceptible to pneumonia, for Example:
- children under 2 years of age
- Adults over the age of 65.
- Hospitalized for a long time.
- Treated in the ICU room and using a ventilator (breathing apparatus).
- Have a history of chronic heart or lung disease
- People who have low body immunity (such as HIV sufferers) or people who take medications that suppress the immune system, and are on a series of chemotherapy treatments.
Symptoms of Pneumonia
Indications and also mild symptoms of pneumonia generally resemble flu symptoms, such as fever and cough. These signs have a longer period compared to the frequent cold. If left untreated, severe symptoms may appear, such as:
- Chest pain when breathing or coughing.
- Phlegm cough.
- Easily tired.
- Fever and chills.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Shortness of breath.
- Disturbances in consciousness (especially in people aged >65 years).
- People who are >65 years old and have immune system disorders, generally experience hypothermia.
In children and infants, usually, symptoms that appear in the form of high fever, the child seems always exhausted, unwilling to eat, productive cough, and shortness of breath, so that the child’s breath becomes fast.
Diagnosis against pneumonia can be done with anamnesis, physical examination, and also supporting examination.
In anamnesis and physical examination, the doctor looks for signs and symptoms, then on the examination of the sound of the breath is usually found the presence of abnormalities.
The most frequent supporting examination is through imaging, which is a chest X-ray photo.
On the chest X-ray results, the doctor sees the location of the infection that occurred. Besides, blood laboratory tests are carried out to determine what organisms cause infection.
Complications of Pneumonia
Complications of pneumonia are more common in young children, the elderly, and those who already have previous health conditions, such as diabetes. Possible complications of pneumonia include:
- Pleurisy, which is a condition in which a thin layer between the lungs and ribs (pleura) is inflamed, which can lead to respiratory failure.
- The ribs (pleural) are inflamed, which can lead to respiratory failure.
- Lung abscess, a rare complication found mostly in people with pre-existing serious illnesses or who have a history of severe alcohol abuse.
- A rare but serious complication, namely sepsis
Treatment and treatment for cases of pneumonia are to overcome the infection that occurs and provide supportive therapy.
The health care provider will provide antibiotics that have to be consumed before emptied if the disease is caused by bacteria. While the supportive therapy provided can be in the form of:
Fever-lowering drugs if the patient suffers from a high fever and disrupts activity. Cough medicine to reduce the frequency of coughing or liquefy phlegm that can not get out.
The doctor also recommends that the patient be hospitalized, in case of some of these conditions:
- >65 years old.
- Impaired consciousness.
- Have bad kidney function.
- Very low blood pressure (<90/<60 mmHg). Very fast breathing (at adults >30 x/min).
- Body temperature is below normal.
- Pulse rate <50x/min or >100x/min.
Pneumonia can be prevented through several efforts, namely:
- Have good personal hygiene.
- No smoking.
- Maintain good immunity with the consumption of healthy foods and diligent exercise.