Kidney Cysts in Men and Women: Diagnosis and Treatment

Do you experience pain around the lower back and waist or organs near the left kidney cyst? is that are the symptoms of renal cancerous? when to be concerned to drugs that cause kidney cysts, it is probably caused one of them by supplements, because it is considered that most men meet the size chart each month compared to women. Know, Kidney Cysts in Men and Women: Diagnosis and Treatment.


What are kidney cysts?

A kidney cyst is a collection of fluid-filled sacs that appear either on the surface of the kidney or inside the kidney itself.

Most kidney cysts do not cause any symptoms. Usually, cysts are only found during routine health checks or ultrasound examinations for other conditions.

If the cyst does not cause problems, you may not need treatment. The doctor will only be watching to make sure these cysts don’t cause more severe problems.

However, you need further treatment if the cyst:

  • Resizing
  • Causes aches and pains
  • Bloody
  • Becomes infected, causing fever or chills
  • Disorders of ordinary renal function


What causes kidney cysts?

The cause of the kidney cyst is still unknown. Genetics also doesn’t seem to be the cause.

Risk factors for kidney cysts include:

  • Men are said to be one of the risk factors for kidney cysts, although in some other studies it was stated that there is no difference between men and women.
  • Almost half of all people aged 50 and over have one or more simple cysts in the kidneys. Cyst size can also increase with age and can multiply over 10 years.


Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Cysts

Simple kidney cysts usually do not cause symptoms or signs. If a simple kidney cyst grows large enough, it can cause the following symptoms:

  • Blunt pain in the back, waist, or upper abdomen.
  • The presence of blood when urinating.
  • If the cyst is infected, it can cause fever, chills, or other signs of infection.
  • Impaired renal function.
  • Simple kidney cysts are sometimes associated with high blood pressure, but it is unclear what the relationship is between the two.
See also  Kidney Cyst Size Chart| What Size Kidney Cyst is Considered Large?


You have a disease of the kidneys, do a diet to overcome it. Here’s a List Of Foods For a Kidney Disease Diet that you can know in the article.


Is there any chance of my cyst turning into cancer?

The risk of kidney cysts becoming cancer is sorted by Bosniak classification scores, which are taken after a well-known radiologist from New York University, Morton Bosniak.

The rankings are as follows:

  • Bosniak 1: Less than 1% risk of cancer. No follow-up required
  • Bosniak 2: Less than 5% risk of cancer. No follow-up required
  • Bosniak 2F: 5% risk of cancer. Follow-up is required to assess the condition
  • Bosniak 3: 50% risk of cancer. Surgery is required to test or remove cysts
  • Bosniak 4: 80% – 95% risk of cancer. Surgery is required to remove the cyst

Based on the ultrasound, your doctor will tell you the classification of your cyst and explain the next step.


Kidney Cysts in Men and Women: Diagnosis and Treatment


What happens if I have to remove the cyst?

Removal of Bosniak cysts 3 or 4 is almost always best through surgery. Most doctors recommend partial surgery for cysts smaller than 4 cm in size, which will remove the cyst but retain as much as possible the rest of the kidneys. This procedure can help stabilize kidney function, lowering the risk of developing other related conditions in the future, such as heart disease.

If the cyst is not cancerous but very painful, the doctor may still perform minimally invasive surgery to remove the cyst. Alternatively, the doctor may suggest drying the cyst and then replacing the fluid in it with an alcohol solution, which is a simple procedure to harden the tissue and help prevent the cyst from growing back.

See also  Renal Cyst: (What is renal cyst?) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes and Treatment

If you are severely infected or lose kidney function, but your other kidneys are still functioning properly, your doctor may suggest removing a malfunctioning kidney. This can help prevent the risk of recurrent infections or changes to cancer in the future.


How often should I visit a doctor for a follow-up?

Most doctors recommend undergoing ultrasound tests for Bosniak 2 or 2F cysts every 6 or 12 months. The doctor will tell you the recommended time frame for you.


What happens if I have a lot of cysts?

Many cysts are likely to indicate genetic conditions, such as polycystic kidney disease, which destroy healthy kidney tissue. To diagnose this condition, your doctor will review your family history and perform an ultrasound or search for cysts with an enhanced X-ray using a computer.

If you are declared to have a genetic kidney condition, you are at risk of kidney failure. Loss of kidney function can require you to undergo dialysis (blood washing) or kidney transplantation. However, your doctor will work with you to manage the symptoms and avoid these complications.

Your doctor may advise you to take blood pressure-lowering medications or pain relievers as well as perform cyst drying procedures to keep cyst growth under control.

You can talk to a nutritionist to draw up a nutrition plan that relieves kidney load and lowers blood pressure.

If you are concerned about symptoms or difficulties in diagnosis, consult a doctor for further advice and to gain access to support services.


Kidney Cysts in Men and Women: Diagnosis and Treatment

How to ensure the diagnosis of kidney cysts?

To diagnose kidney cysts, patients need to see a doctor, especially urologists. Because kidney cysts are often not symptomatic, the doctor needs to take blood or urine samples to see kidney function.

The doctor also needs to do one of these imaging tests to help establish the diagnosis, namely:

  • Computed tomography (CT) scan to see 3D images of the kidneys.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to see a picture of the kidneys.
  • Ultrasound to see pictures of the kidneys and determine if the cyst has grown larger.
See also  Natural Cures For Kidney Cysts: Best Treatments From Home


Kidney Cyst Treatment

If the cyst is small and does not cause symptoms or complications then there is no need for treatment. Patients may only need imaging tests every 6 to 12 months to ensure the cyst does not grow larger.

However, if the cyst is large and causes symptoms, it is necessary to take measures such as sclerotherapy and surgery.


Sclerotherapy is performed for drainage (draining the contents) of cysts. The patient first gets local anesthesia to avoid pain. The doctor will insert a thin needle into the cyst through the skin with ultrasound as a guide and drain all fluid from inside the cyst.

The doctor can sometimes fill the cyst with an alcohol solution afterward to prevent the cyst from growing again. The patient can go home on the same day after the procedure.



Cysts that are larger and affect kidney function need to be removed by surgical procedure. The patient is given general anesthesia then the surgeon will remove the cyst through laparoscopic surgery by making several small incisions.

With laparoscopic action, the doctor will operate using a camera and a small instrument. First of all, the doctor will perform cyst drainage. Then the cyst wall will be cut or burned. The patient should stay in the hospital for one or two days after surgery.



Usually, kidney cysts do not cause further problems. But sometimes cysts can cause the following complications:

  • Infection of cysts
  • Cyst rupture
  • Blockage of urine when coming out of the kidneys
  • High blood pressure


Kidney Function That Is So Important For The Body

  • Disposing of Metabolic Waste
  • Disposing of Foreign Substances
  • Controlling Blood Glucose
  • Maintaining Body Fluid Balance
  • Regulating Blood Pressure
  • Regulating Body Fluid Osmolarity
  • Adjusting Extracellular Liquid Ion Concentration
  • Balancing Alkaline Acid (pH of blood and bodily fluids)
  • Activate Vitamin D
  • Maintaining Red Blood Cell Production
  • Recycling substances in the body
  • Enzyme Production
  • Synthesis and Hormone Degradation

It is very important kidneys for our body, Take care and live a healthy lifestyle and exercise regularly.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check Also
Back to top button