Have you ever had prolonged back pain? What are the symptoms of kidney stones? see kidney stones symptoms article: What You Should Know and Recognize Early Before it’s Too Late!
The causes of kidney stone disease can vary. Even so, one women out of every eight men can also contract the disease, lifestyle and appropriate diet play an important role in overcoming and preventing the formation of kidney stones.
If the process of removing kidney stones when passing through the urinary tract is painful, you need to ask the doctor for painkillers, even you should immediately perform an appointment if the kidney stones have been large.
the location of kidney pain can affect the area where the body can feel pain. Usually, the pain begins to feel severe as the kidney stones move to the ureter.
What is kidney stone disease?
Kidney stone disease or nephrolithiasis is the formation of hard material resembling stones derived from minerals and salts in the kidneys. Kidney stones can occur along the urinary tract, from the kidneys, the ureters (the urinary tract carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder), the bladder, as well as The urethra (the urinary tract which carries urine from your system ).
Kidney stones have been formed from waste from the blood that forms crystals and collects in the kidneys. Examples of compounds that can form kidney stones are calcium and oxalic acid. Over time, the material gets harder and resembles a stone shape.
Kidney Stones Symptoms: What You Should Know and Recognize Early Before it’s Too Late !
Kidney stones, especially very small ones, will not be detected or do not modify any meaningful symptoms. Signs of the presence of new kidney stones can be felt when the stone is large and stuck in the kidneys, moving into the ureter, or during infection. This condition causes severe pain called renal colic. Symptoms of kidney stones that often occur, including:
- Pain in the lower back and sometimes felt up to the groin. While in men, pain is also felt up to the testicles and scrotum. The pain can last for a few minutes or several hours. As kidney stones move to other locations in the urinary tract, pain may increase.
- Increased frequency of wanting to urinate
- Pain during urination (dysuria)
- Urinating in small amounts
- Urine in pink, red, or brown
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Feeling restless.
- Fever or chills, in case of infection.
Causes of Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are formed when urine contains more crystalline-forming substances than liquids in urine. The formation of kidney stones may also happen if the body lacks chemicals that could stop stones from adhering together. This condition becomes a conducive environment for the formation of kidney stones.
Some medical conditions can increase the risk of kidney stones, namely:
- Consuming less fluid increases the risk of developing kidney stones, as do the residents who live in hot temperatures.
- Carrying out a certain diet. Eating foods that are full of protein, salt, sugar, or that cause high uric acid can increase the risk of kidney stones. This makes the kidneys work harder in filtering it, thus increasing the risk of kidney stones.
- History of kidney stone disease in the family or have suffered from kidney stones before.
- Having digestive problems or postoperative digestive organs. Chronic diarrheal disorders, inflammatory bowel disease, or postoperative gastrointestinal tract to lose weight (gastric bypass) are some examples of conditions that interfere with the absorption of fluids in the body, thus increasing the levels of stone-forming substances in the blood.
- Possessing a huge body mass indicator using a large waist size is related to an elevated chance of kidney stones.
- Suffer from particular medical conditions, such as hyperparathyroidism or urinary tract ailments.
Types of kidney stones
Kidney stones formed due to high levels of calcium in the blood are the most common type of kidney stone. In addition to being produced naturally by the liver, calcium can also be obtained from the intake of foods, such as vegetables, fruit, nuts, or chocolate.
In addition to being associated with a diet that is loaded with calcium oxalate content, too high levels of vitamin D and side effects of surgery can also trigger the formation of calcium stones. In addition, the consumption of migraine drugs or anti-inflammatory drugs is also related to the formation of calcium stones.
Uric acid stones
This stone is formed due to high levels of uric acid in the blood, caused by foods containing high purines, lack of fluid intake, as well as a history of the uric acid disease.
It is a type of kidney stone that can form and enlarge rapidly, and the cause is a long-lasting infection, such as a urinary tract infection. This type of struvite stone is more common in women than in men.
These kidney stones are among the most popular kinds, and the reason is cystinuria. This hereditary disease causes the kidneys to secrete too many amino acids.
Also, know the List Of Foods For a Kidney Disease Diet to speed up your recovery.
Diagnosis of Kidney Stones
In diagnosing kidney stones, the doctor will first try to dig up information from the patient about the symptoms, his history of the disease, as well as the history of kidney stones in his family. Furthermore, a physical examination is performed to corroborate the suspicions that lead to kidney stones. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor needs to perform a series of follow-up tests that include:
- Urine test. This examination is done by collecting urine samples to find out if urine contains a lot of calcium or uric acid.
- Blood test. This test aims to determine the function of the kidneys and the levels of certain substances in them, which leads to the formation of kidney stones.
- This examination is carried out to identify the exact presence of kidney stones. Scans can be performed with CT scans, X-rays, or ultrasounds.
- Analysis of the kidney stones that came out. In this examination, the patient will be asked to urinate on a sieve so that the kidney stones that come out can be filtered. What’s more, the kidney stones that emerge will be examined in the lab.
Kidney Stone Treatment
Treatment of kidney stone disease depends on the size and type of kidney stones experienced by sufferers. For small kidney stones with a diameter of less than 4 mm, the treatment can be done at home so that the kidney stones can come out through urine. Treatment of small kidney stones can be:
- Drink 6-8 glasses of water daily.
- Taking painkillers, because the discharge of kidney stones through urine can cause pain or discomfort. The painkiller that can be consumed is paracetamol.
As for kidney stones that are large or exceeding 6 mm in size, which is difficult to get out or cause bleeding kidney damage, and urinary tract infections, the doctor will suggest the following methods of treatment:
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
The urologist will direct an ESWL device that emits high-frequency sound waves to the position of the kidney stone to break the stone so that it becomes a smaller part and is easily removed through the urine.
This procedure is performed to remove small stones located in the ureter or kidneys with a ureteroscope. The house equipped with this camera is inserted into the ureter where the stone is located, to break it into smaller so that it is easily removed through the urine.
The procedure using a nephroscope is performed for larger stones with a diameter of about 2-3 cm, and cannot be resolved by the ESWL method In addition, it is also performed in case of obstacles or infections that damage the kidneys, or severe pain and can not be resolved with medication. Nephroscope will be inserted into the kidneys through the outer skin. Following that, kidney stones could be pulled or broken into little pieces with energy.
Open surgery is an infrequent procedure and is usually for kidney stones that are very large or have an abnormal shape.
Other operations to treat the cause can also be done, for example for kidney stones caused by an overactive parathyroid gland, the doctor may suggest removal of the parathyroid gland.
Complications of Kidney Stones
Complications can arise when the size of the kidney stone is so large that it obstructs the flow of urine. This condition can lead to kidney infection and permanent kidney damage.
On the other hand, treatment for kidney stones themselves, especially large kidney stones, can also cause complications, namely:
- Injury to the ureter
- Infection that spreads through the body via blood or bacteremia.
- If the patient has experienced kidney stones, the risk of the condition relapse is very large. The following are factors that trigger the recurrence of kidney stones:
- Eating too many foods that contain protein and eating too little fiber.
- Just has one kidney that’s still working.
- Have had several ailments regarding the kidneys or urinary system.
- Have a family history of kidney stones.
- Have had surgery on the digestive system.
- Regularly take supplements that contain calcium.
- Taking aspirin, antacids, diuretics, anticonvulsants, and medicines for HIV.
Kidney Stone Prevention
How to prevent kidney stones is quite simple, namely by running a healthy lifestyle. Among others are:
- Drink a lot of water, which will be about 2-3 liters daily. This can prevent the sufferer from becoming dehydrated and prevent the body’s waste products from being too concentrated which can lead to kidney stones. In hot weather conditions, it is advisable to drink more.
- Don’t overdo it on calcium-laden foods. Consumption of calcium supplements should also be consulted with a doctor first.
- Reduce consumption of meat, poultry, or fish to prevent uric acid stones.
However, consult your doctor first before running any diet, so that it is by our health conditions.