Do you experience lumps around the armpits, behind the ears, groin, or other areas? What are the symptoms of lymphadenopathy, do you have it? find out more about lymphadenopathy related conditions: definition medical term.
What is lymphadenopathy
Lymphadenopathy is a condition in which swelling or enlargement of the lymph nodes occurs.
Lymph nodes are Dispersed in many Areas of the body and Therefore Are a Part of the immune system, which helps the body fight viruses or bacteria that can harm health.
The following are the places where the lymph nodes are located in parts of the body:
- Behind the ears
- Back of head
The lymph nodes can get bigger. However, the increase in size has a normal limit. The normal size of each person differs depending on age, the location of the lymph nodes, and the person’s immune system.
How long does the lump behind the ear disappear?
Generally, the swelling behind the ears will disappear by itself within 2-3 weeks. However, in some conditions, the swelling behind the ears can settle or get worse, thus requiring treatment from a doctor.
Can lymphadenopathy be contagious?
In most cases, lymphadenopathy is not contagious. However, if lymphadenopathy occurs due to tuberculosis (tuberculosis lymphadenitis), it is possible that it can be contagious.
Especially if you often have direct contact with the person. Please note that what is contagious is tuberculosis, not swelling of the lymph nodes.
When infected or infected with tuberculosis, it is not yet certain that there will be swelling of the lymph nodes as well.
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which can attack various organs, especially the lungs.
If not treated immediately, tuberculosis can develop a variety of serious complications. One of them is swelling or enlargement of the lymph nodes.
Is lymphadenopathy treatable?
How is lymphadenopathy treated? Your symptoms may disappear without treatment. Your healthcare provider may need to address a problem that causes swelling of the lymph nodes. Medications can be given for infection, cancer, or other causes of your lymphadenopathy.
How long is the cure of lymphadenopathy?
The most common cause of swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck is an upper respiratory tract infection, which takes 10 to 14 days to fully heal. As soon as you start to feel better, the swelling will also decrease, although it may take a few weeks longer to fully heal.
Is lymphadenopathy serious?
Even though the discovery of lymphadenopathy occasionally increases fears of severe ailments, in patients seen in primary care, it’s typically brought on by the reason for benign diseases.
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Symptoms of Lymphadenopathy
Lymphadenopathy causes symptoms such as swelling or enlargement of the lymph nodes. The swelling can be known by the appearance of lumps under the skin, which can be painful or not.
In addition to lumps, people with lymphadenopathy can also feel other symptoms. Other symptoms may vary depending on the cause, the location of the swelling of the lymph nodes, and the patient’s condition. Among them are:
- Skin rash
- Sweating at night
- Weight loss
See a doctor immediately if the swelling of the lymph nodes is experienced:
- It comes without a clear cause.
- It keeps getting bigger and has lasted more than 2 weeks.
- It is hard textured and does not move when shaken.
In some cases, people with lymphadenopathy do not feel symptoms. However, it is better if the patient performs regular check-ups.
Causes of Lymphadenopathy
Lymphadenopathy can be caused by a variety of conditions, including:
- Infections, such as ear infections, infections of the teeth or gums (such as gingivitis), pharyngitis, skin infections, measles, mononucleosis, tuberculosis, HIV.
- Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Cancers, such as lymphoma and leukemia.
- Use of drugs, such as anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g. phenytoin) or typhus vaccines.
Lymphadenopathy can also be caused by other conditions not listed above. See a doctor immediately if you feel any symptoms of lymphadenopathy.
Diagnosis of Lymphadenopathy
In diagnosing the condition, the doctor will initially perform a history of the disease and symptoms that appear.
The doctor will conduct a question and answer session, giving questions to the patient regarding the condition suffered, such as how and since when the swelling of the lymph nodes is experienced.
Then the doctor will examine the form of observations on the size and texture of the lump.
After that, medical procedures can also be performed to ascertain the patient’s condition. Some of the procedures used to diagnose lymphadenopathy include:
The doctor will run a complete blood count (CBC) test to see the possibility of infection.
CT scan or MRI
Both of these tests can be performed by injecting contrast dyes beforehand. Tell your doctor if you have a history of allergies to the substance. This scan serves to detect the source of infection as well as tumors.
The doctor will take a sample of the affected lymph nodes, and then it will be examined under a microscope.
Treatment should be adjusted to the cause, the location of swelling of the lymph nodes, and the condition of the patient. In some cases, lymphadenopathy can recover on its own.
Treatment against infection depends on the type of infection itself. The bacterial infection is one of the causes of lymphadenopathy. Treatment of lymphadenopathy caused by bacterial infections can be done by administering antibiotics.
If the swelling of the lymph nodes is caused by an autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, then treatment can be done using immunosuppressive drugs, such as corticosteroids. For perceived pain, painkillers such as ibuprofen or naproxen can be administered.
Treatment of lymphadenopathy caused by cancer is carried out by overcoming cancer itself. Depending on the type of cancer and the patient’s condition, treatment methods can be done to overcome cancer in the form of surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy.
Consult a doctor regarding appropriate treatment methods in treating lymphadenopathy. Improper treatment can worsen the condition and lead to complications of the disease.
In addition to the above treatments, lymphadenopathic patients can also make efforts that can be done alone at home to relieve the symptoms of pain that arise, such as:
- Compress the affected area with warm water.
- Consumption of painkillers, which are sold freely such as paracetamol. Confirm the use of This Medication with a Physician.
- Enough rest.
Complications that can arise due to lymphadenopathy may vary depending on the accompanying cause. If the condition is caused by an infection, then complications can occur in the form of abscesses and sepsis.
Antibiotics for lymph node infection
Antibiotics are needed to cope with swelling of the lymph nodes caused by bacterial infections. If caused by tuberculosis, swelling of the lymph nodes needs to be treated with antituberculosis drugs.
Antiviral lymph node medications will be needed to treat swelling of the lymph nodes due to viral infections, such as mononucleosis, herpes, and HIV.
The length of therapy is dependent upon the kind of virus. If caused by herpes and mononucleosis, the doctor may administer antiviral drugs for several days or several weeks. As for HIV, the treatment is lifelong.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
To treat painful and feverish swelling of the lymph nodes, your doctor may prescribe NSAIDs, such as paracetamol, aspirin, and ibuprofen. However, aspirin cannot be given to children as it can cause side effects in the form of Reye’s syndrome.
Corticosteroid drugs are drugs that serve to relieve inflammation. This drug can be used to relieve inflammation and enlargement of the lymph nodes caused by autoimmune diseases.
When swelling of the lymph nodes is caused by a malignant tumor or cancer, the treatment is chemotherapy accompanied by tumor removal surgery and radiation therapy. The choice of treatment methods given will be adjusted to the type and stage of cancer.
In addition to the use of lymph node drugs, swelling of the lymph nodes also sometimes needs to be treated with surgery. Lymph node surgery is performed when there is pus in the swollen glands, or for biopsy examination if the lymph nodes are suspected of cancer.
Because it can be caused by various things, the drugs that need to be used in lymph nodes can also vary. So, first, make sure what causes it by undergoing a doctor’s examination. Once the cause is known, the new doctor can give the appropriate lymph node medication.