Macrosomia: Complications, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes and Treatment

The fetal in a mother’s womb will gradually increase in size. Generally, babies born weigh above 2.5 kg and under 4 kg. If the baby born is outside that standard, then there is a problem that occurs, namely macrosomia. Find out more about Macrosomia: Complications, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, and Treatment.


What is Macrosomia?

Macrosomia is a term used to describe babies born with larger sizes. Babies of normal weight usually weigh 2.5 to 4.0 kg at the time of delivery. However, babies weighing more than 4 kg will experience a condition called macrosomia.

Macrosomia will result in normal childbirth problems and open the possibility for cesarean delivery. This disease will also bring health problems for babies in the future, such as obesity, diabetes, to metabolic syndrome.

As with other diseases, macrosomia can be prevented. But this condition is sometimes difficult to predict, new doctors will be able to diagnose the presence of macrosomia after childbirth through the weight of the baby.

So to prevent the possibility of macrosomia, it is recommended to routinely conduct checks to monitor weight during pregnancy. Maintaining a diet, light and regular exercise is a simple step to compensate for efforts to avoid macrosomia.


Facts About Macrosomia

Here are some facts about Macrosomia:

Macrosomia That Is Baby Weight More Than 4 kg

The characteristics of newborns of normal weight according to the view of the medics are babies who weigh 2.5 – 4 kg. And there is a general agreement that if a newborn weighs more than 4 kg, then the baby is categorized as having macrosomia.


Macrosomia Is a Difficult Condition to Predict

Detecting macrosomia in the fetus in the womb is quite difficult and the results are sometimes less accurate. Doctors generally prefer to ask about pregnancy history and medications that have been taken by the mother during pregnancy.


Macrosomia Can Lead to Bad Complications for Infants and Mothers

Mothers can be very difficult during childbirth, such as bleeding, vaginal injuries, and so on. Babies born also may have birth defects such as shoulder dystocia that causes collarbone fractures, arm fractures to diabetic nerve injuries, metabolic syndrome, and so on.


Genetic Factors Can Affect Macrosomia

Although rare, genetic factors are thought to influence the occurrence of macrosomia. This is because the faster growth of the baby in birth is sometimes influenced by genetic factors obtained from both father and mother.


Babies born to diabetic mothers have a 40% chance of developing macrosomia

Mothers with diabetes have a chance (10-40 %) to give birth to baby macrosomia. This is because babies (neonatal) are more likely to produce higher fat intake from their mothers than mothers who do not have diabetes.


Pregnant Boy

Mothers who often conceive boys have the possibility of having macrosomia. This is because the bodyweight of a baby boy tends to be heavier than that of a female


Causes of macrosomia

Macrosomia or the condition that causes an unborn baby to become obese in the womb is caused by many things. Here are some of the triggers that most commonly cause macrosomia.

  • Have a fairly high blood sugar. Some women who cannot control sweet foods or simple carbohydrates in their bodies are prone to gestational diabetes.
  • Being obese before pregnancy occurs.
  • A significant weight gain was experienced during pregnancy.Weight gain during pregnancy is natural, but there are limits as well. The doctor will usually take measurements of each control to find out if the weight is ideal or not.
  • Been pregnant more than once. If you get pregnant only once, the chances of macrosomia will be smaller.
  • Pregnant baby with the male gender. In general, the male fetus will be larger than the female.
  • Have a taste of Hispanic or white people. Asians rarely experience this because their body shape tends to be smaller. ⦁ Pregnancy occurs longer and exceeds the predetermined birth time.
  • Have a history of family e.g. mother or grandmother who gave birth to a larger baby. Most likely when pregnant will also experience the same thing.
  • Pregnancy occurs at the age of over 35 years. Women should get pregnant before that age so as not to be exposed to various side effects.

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