My goodness!! The fact the Results From A Recent Study, can sleep apnea kill you? If you have experienced shortness of breath while sleeping and suddenly feel wondering can sleep apnea kill, then don’t worry anymore. It is a fairly common condition that can be easily treated and prevented. It can be potentially fatal if not handled properly.
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that occurs when the airway is blocked by collapse or partial collapse. The collapse can be caused by many factors such as physical injury from lying down for a long time, muscle fatigue, high fever, overindulgence during sleep, or some other medical reason.
What causes sleep apnea?
The causes of sleep apnea according to its type are:
Obstructive sleep apnea
When the back muscles of the throat loosen, the respiratory tract narrows and closes while breathing. These muscles support the soft palate, uvula, tonsils, sidewalls of the throat, and tongue.
When the muscles relax, your airway narrows or close as you breathe, you can’t get enough air, thus lowering the oxygen level in your blood.
Your brain senses your inability to breathe and wakes you up in a short time. It usually wakes up so briefly that patients with sleep apnea don’t remember it.
When this happens, you’ll probably choke. This pattern can repeat five to 30 times or more every hour, throughout the night, disrupting your ability to reach the phase of deep sleep.
Sleep apnea central
The patient’s brain fails to transmit signals to the breathing muscles. This keeps the muscles from breathing for some time. If you have sleep apnea, you will experience shortness of breath or have trouble falling back to sleep when you wake up at night.
What sleep apnea effects?
Respiratory system disorders
The function of the respiratory system can also be impaired due to sleep apnea disorders. In addition to clogged breathing flow and reduced oxygen levels during sleep, sleep apnea can also worsen asthma symptoms and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) thus allowing for further shortness of breath. Sleep apnea sufferers are also more prone to respiratory infections, such as flu and colds.
Endocrine system disorders
Sleep apnea sufferers are more likely to develop insulin resistance where the body’s cells do not respond to the hormone insulin. When cells do not function taking insulin, blood sugar levels will rise and may develop a risk of type 2 diabetes.
Sleep apnea has also been linked to metabolic syndrome, a group of heart disease risk factors that include high blood pressure (hypertension), LDL cholesterol levels, blood sugar levels (diabetes), and a waist circumference greater than normal size (obesity).
Digestive system disorders
If you suffer from sleep apnea, there will most likely be indigestion. This will have an impact on the functioning of both hormones (leptin and ghrelin hormones) that regulate appetite. Besides, sleep apnea can also cause the body to become easily tired and limp so that the body’s metabolism will be disrupted and weakened.
This can lead to an increased risk of obesity, liver disease, scarring disorders of the liver, and high levels of enzymes in the liver that exceed normal limits. Sleep apnea can also worsen gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) conditions that can interfere with sleep time.
Disorders of the circulatory and cardiovascular systems
Sleep apnea has been linked to obesity and high blood pressure conditions that increase tension or disorders of the heart. If you suffer from sleep apnea, you tend to have abnormal heart rhythms such as atrial fibrillation that can increase your risk of stroke. Heart failure is also more common in sleep apnea sufferers.
Therefore, having quality sleep time every day is very important to keep blood circulation running smoothly and avoid blood pressure or cardiovascular disorders. It can also help maintain the immune system to avoid certain disease disorders including infections.
Nervous system disorders
One type of sleep apnea called central sleep apnea is caused by a disturbance in brain signals that allows the body to stop breathing. This type of sleep apnea can also interfere with the central nervous system causing the onset of neurological symptoms such as numbness and tingling.
Not only that, but the presence of sleep disorders can also have an impact on the stability of mood (mood) even easily cause anger, sadness, to hallucinations. This if it happens continuously can certainly affect the condition of physical and mental health.
Reproductive system disorders
Sleep apnea can affect the reproductive system in people with sleep apnea both men and women when having sex. In men, sleep apnea can cause erectile dysfunction. While in women, it can also increase the risk of PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome) which causes impaired ovarian function and hormonal balance in women.
Sleep apnea can disrupt sleep and put sufferers at risk of some serious illnesses and even death. But there are several ways to control it. Treatments, such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and oral equipment, help keep oxygen flowing to your lungs while you sleep. Losing weight can also improve sleep apnea symptoms while reducing the risk of heart disease.
Why is sleep apnea deadly?
The condition occurs when people who have it stop breathing for ten seconds or more during their sleep. If the person can not get themselves to return to normal breathing before they go to sleep again, then they can die very well. This is something that happens only about one in twenty-five people who have sleep apnea.
People whose breathing stops will generally wake up breathless to breathe, but unless they receive CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation) on the way to the hospital, they usually die by the time they are found.
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How can sleep apnea kill you?
The condition makes the heart work much harder than it should, which causes people whose breathing stops to suffer a heart attack. They’re going to have a heart attack and have no way of regaining oxygen. As a result, their brain goes into “restoration mode,” which means shutting down its breathing, just to make sure it doesn’t cause the person himself to die. As you can see, this condition is a life-threatening situation.
People with sleep apnea need to be monitored constantly to ensure that they breathe on their own. This is because it is possible that the person can stop breathing while they sleep and not even realize it. This is why it is so important for people with sleep apnea to be checked regularly, even when the doctor does not think there is a problem. Regular checkups can save a person’s life!
Someone with sleep apnea may not even realize they have it. It often goes undetected during the hours when the person is sleeping. Many people who have sleep apnea don’t even remember they have it until their doctor takes it during a routine checkup. In some rare cases, sleep apnea sufferers will wake up at night and can’t go back to sleep anymore.
Can sleep apnea kill you?
According to various studies, cardiovascular disease is three times more likely to occur in people with sleep apnea and does not immediately treat. In fact, according to a Lancet study in 2005, it was found that the rate of heart problems in sleep apnea sufferers undergoing therapy, is about the same as snoring that can keep breathing properly and with non-snorers.
Furthermore, a study from the Mayo Clinic also showed that people with sleep apnea are more likely to die suddenly from heart rate disorders during sleep. In the general population, sudden death often occurs a few hours after waking up.
What lifestyle changes or home medications can be made to overcome sleep apnea?
Here are lifestyle and home medications that can help you cope with sleep apnea:
- Reduce excess weight
- Avoid taking sedatives, sleeping pills and alcohol.
- Sleep on the sides or nape compared to sleeping on your back
- Keep nasal channels open at night
- Quit smoking if you’re a smoker
What are the sleep apnea treatment options?
According to its type, treatments to treat sleep apnea are:
Obstructive sleep apnea
Treatment options for obstructive sleep apnea are:
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
that is, using a device to deliver air pressure through a mask that covers the nose during sleep.
Bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP)
i.e. using a CPAP-like device but with higher pressure when inhaling and lower pressure when sighing.
Expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP)
i.e. using a small, disposable device before going to bed that helps the air enter freely, but when it sighs, the air passes through a small hole in the valve.
Tools on the mouth
that is, using a tool in the mouth that keeps the throat open. Tools on the mouth are easier to use than CPAP.
If other treatments fail, surgery may be performed, including:
- Removal of tissue, i.e. tissue is lifted from the back of the mouth and the upper part of the throat. Tonsils and adenoids are usually removed.
- Repositioning the jaws.
- Implant a plastic rod on the ceiling after you have been sedated locally.
- Create new airways (metal or plastic tracheostomy inserted).
- Nose surgery to remove polyps or straighten partitions between crooked nostrils.
- Weight loss surgery.
Sleep apnea center
Treatment for central sleep apnea can include:
- Treatment for medical conditions related to the heart or neuromuscular disorders that can cause sleep apnea.
- Additional oxygen, i.e. using additional oxygen during sleep.
- Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV), which uses a device that normalizes breathing patterns and prevents pauses in breathing.
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).
- Bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP).