Types Of Fungal Nail Infections
The following fungal nail infections can occur, each with a slightly different appearance:
Subungual or lateral onychomycosis:
This is the most common form of fungal nail infection. It is usually caused by the fungus known to as dermatophyte. Nail infections can occur in your toenails and fingernails. It spreads from underneath the nail to the nail bed. It is a yellowish-white area that extends from the sides or corners of your nails to the center of your nail. This places it apart from the nail bed.
White superficial Onychomycosis:
This is rarer and only affects the nail surface. The nail will eventually disintegrate and become white patches.
Proximal subungual onychomycosis:
It appears as white spots at the center of the nail bed near the fingernail skin. As the finger or toenail grows, they move outward. It is rare and affects people who are susceptible to framework issues similar to HIV.
This disease is usually caused by yeast and affects your fingernails. Nails may become brittle if the area around them is swollen or aroused. This happens to nails that have been damaged by an infection or a physical issue.
Total dystrophic mycosis:
Although it is often used to describe end-stage nail infections, some clinicians consider it a distinct subtype of complete dystrophic onychomycosis. It could be the last product of any one of the four main types of onychomycosis. The entire nail unit is thickened and dystrophic.
Fungal Nail Infections:
It is smart to wash your hands and feet frequently. Make sure to get between your fingers, and toes with a cleanser. Your fingernails should be kept short and your toenails should be straight across. Stores that absorb moisture (wick) are best. If your feet sweat frequently, you should change your socks at least once a day. Use antifungal powder on your feet. You should throw out any old shut-toe shoes as fungal or other infectious agents could be hiding in them.
If you do get your nails trimmed at a nail salon, make sure to only go to those that clean the devices after each customer. You can also bring your own cutters and trimmers. You should not cut your fingernail skin as this could cause tiny cuts that can allow germs to infiltrate the skin. To avoid infection, don’t share towels with anyone who has nail growth.
If you are unsure if you have a nail organism, consult your doctor. It may be necessary to use a cream or medication to treat the problem. If the problem is severe, your nail may need to be removed so that a new nail can replace it. Lasers are also an option for treating nail growth. When your nail breaks or the skin around it allows growth to enter and develop, you can get contamination. Because growth thrives in warm, dry places, your toenails will be more affected than your fingernails. Additionally, your toes have less bloodstream than your fingers which makes it more difficult for your body and prevents disease.
If any of these conditions continue, you have a greater chance of getting a fungal infection.
- You are most likely to get nail fungus if you’re an adult man. As you age, your nails become harder and more fragile.
- Weakened Immunity: Your body cannot fight these microbes effectively if it has weak immunity.
- Subunderlying diseases: If your underlying medical conditions include diabetes mellitus or other health issues, you are more likely to get nail fungus.
- Closed shoes or joggers: If you wear sweaty, hot shoes such as tennis shoes or gym joggers, then your nails can become dry and sore.
- Exercise in public swimming pools or gyms: If you’re going to a gym naked, or going through locked rooms and public swimming pools. These are the most common places for fungal infections.
- Infection: If you live with someone who has a fungal infection, you could easily become infected.
- The athlete’s foot: You can also get infected by the fungus that causes the athlete’s feet.
- Previous surgery: If you have had to undergo nail or hand surgery, your immune system might not be as strong or well-trained. This could lead to fungal infections.
- Wearing plastic gloves in laboratories can lead to fungal infections.