Although very rare, pneumonia can be transmitted from parent to child or even from parent to pet. Young children are more susceptible to pneumonia due to their small lungs and the fact that they cannot express their feelings verbally as easily as parents. To avoid having parents suffering from pneumonia, you should try to learn everything you can about the disease and how to prevent it. In this article, you will find out Pneumonia symptoms for seniors, adults, and babies.
What are pneumonia symptoms?
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs due to disease. Pneumonia can cause mild to severe symptoms. Some of the symptoms commonly experienced by pneumonia sufferers are coughing, fever, and shortness of breath.
Pneumonia is also known as a wet lung. In this condition, the infection causes inflammation of the air pockets (alveoli) in one or both lungs. As a result, alveoli can be filled with fluid or pus, causing the sufferer to have difficulty breathing.
Pneumonia may be caused by a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. SARS-CoV- 2 that causes COVID-19 is one type of virus that can cause pneumonia. Pneumonia caused by COVID-19 can cause dangerous complications, one of which is acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Pneumonia can sometimes also appear along with other lung diseases, such as pulmonary TB.
Pneumonia is one of the highest causes of death in children worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 15% of deaths of children under the age of 5 are caused by the disease. The WHO also stated that in 2017, more than 800,000 children died from pneumonia.
Why pneumonia causes shortness of breath?
If you’ve ever had pneumonia, chances are you have a blocked nose or swollen sinuses. These things can compress the airways in your lungs and prevent the air from moving properly through the lungs. This decreased airflow causes shortness of breath, which you will experience as you struggle to exhale.
You may also feel shortness of breath when exhaling. When you exhale, the muscles in your diaphragm pull your breath up, forcing it down into your stomach, where the contents of the food are stored.
If there is not enough air in the stomach, the food begins to break down and the stomach becomes acidic, causing another attack of shortness of breath. The last way that your lungs become damaged by this is when the mucus in your lungs thickens and builds up in the walls of your chest cavity, limiting the flow of air.
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How to treat pneumonia?
Some Types of Pneumonia Drugs According to The Cause
Pneumonia is a disease that needs to be treated by a doctor. When feeling the symptoms of pneumonia, it is recommended to immediately consult a doctor so that the doctor can determine the type of pneumonia medication that is right for you.
In diagnosing pneumonia and determining the cause, the doctor will perform physical examinations and supporting examinations such as blood tests, chest X-rays, phlegm, or phlegm culture examinations, if necessary.
After the diagnosis of pneumonia is confirmed and the cause is known, the doctor can treat pneumonia with the following medications:
Pneumonia is most often caused by a bacterial infection. Pneumonia caused by bacterial infections can be treated with the administration of antibiotics, for example, azithromycin, clarithromycin, levofloxacin, ceftriaxone, penicillin, or doxycycline.
The choice of antibiotics used needs to be adjusted to the type of germs that are the cause of pneumonia. Antibiotics can be administered by the doctor in the preparation of medications, such as tablets and capsules, or through injections.
To treat severe pneumonia, the doctor will generally advise the patient to undergo treatment in the hospital and the doctor can give antibiotics in the form of injections via infusion.
Influenza viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia in adults. Meanwhile, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of pneumonia in infants and children. However, in some cases, pneumonia can also be caused by coronavirus infection (COVID-19).
Pneumonia caused by viral infections usually lasts shorter than pneumonia due to bacterial infections. Pneumonia caused by the virus can generally heal on its own within a few days or weeks, but the condition still needs to be checked with a doctor.
To treat pneumonia due to viral infection, the doctor may advise the patient to undergo hospital treatment so that the patient’s condition can be monitored properly.
If necessary, the doctor may give you antiviral drugs, such as oseltamivir, zanamivir, ribavirin, or faviriparis to treat pneumonia due to viral infections.
Pneumonia due to fungal infections generally occurs in people with weakened immune system conditions, for example in people with HIV/AIDS or people undergoing chemotherapy.
Pneumonia due to fungal infection needs to be treated with pneumonia drugs in the form of antifungals, such as sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, voriconazole, or amphotericin B.
Pneumonia often causes coughing and increased fluid or phlegm in the lungs. To overcome these complaints, doctors can prescribe cough medicine or phlegm thinners as pneumonia medication.
With the cough subsiding, you can rest more comfortably so that you can recover faster from pneumonia.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (OAINS)
When a person develops pneumonia, he person will experience inflammation in his lungs. The inflammation can cause symptoms of fever and chest pain. To overcome these complaints, doctors can prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (OAINS).
The types of LYS drugs that can be used to overcome the symptoms of fever and chest pain due to pneumonia are paracetamol and ibuprofen.
This pneumonia drug is not a drug that is routinely used to overcome pneumonia. Corticosteroids are generally only used in the short term to overcome severe pneumonia.
Some studies suggest that corticosteroid administration in people with severe pneumonia may lower the risk of death from pneumonia. However, the type and dosage of corticosteroid drugs used should be adjusted to the doctor’s prescription and recommendations.
Severe pneumonia can cause the sufferer to experience shortness of breath and lack of oxygen. If that is the case, people with severe pneumonia need to be hospitalized. While undergoing hospital treatment, the doctor will provide pneumonia medication as well as oxygen therapy, if necessary.
This therapy is done to help pneumonia sufferers maintain oxygen levels in their bloodstream. Oxygen therapy can be administered through hoses or oxygen masks.
However, in cases of severe pneumonia when the patient is no longer able to breathe spontaneously, the doctor may provide respiratory assistance through a ventilator.
Pneumonia symptoms for seniors, for adults, and baby
Symptoms of Pneumonia in the Elderly
Sometimes the symptoms of pneumonia are difficult to recognize because they are similar to other symptoms of respiratory infections, such as flu and bronchitis. In general, the symptoms of pneumonia are as follows:
- Cough with a thick cough, until the cough bleeds
- Breath Fever becomes short-lived
- Chest pain
- Bluish lip and nail color (cyanosis)
In addition to the above symptoms, there are also symptoms of pneumonia that usually only occur in the elderly, namely:
- Unable to withstand urination or defecation
- Often feel confused
- Low body temperature
Signs of Pneumonia in Babies
Many parents do not recognize the symptoms or signs of pneumonia in babies. This causes the disease to often be treated too late.
Here are some signs and symptoms of pneumonia in babies:
- High fever.
- Shortness of breath or the baby appears to have difficulty breathing.
- The baby’s nose is deflated while breathing.
- The baby’s breath is ringing.
- Coughing colds.
- Babies don’t want to suckle or eat.
- Chest or abdominal pain.
- The baby looks restless and limp.
- Lips and nails appear blue.
- Babies with pneumonia due to viral infections can sometimes also experience vomiting and diarrhea.
Tips During Pneumonia Treatment
In addition to taking medicines according to your doctor’s prescription, you can make the following suggestions during the treatment of pneumonia:
Take medication regularly according to the doctor’s prescription
During the recovery period at home, make sure you take pneumonia medications as directed by your doctor. Avoid stopping treatment, even if the symptoms have improved.
If the pneumonia medication is used inappropriately or does not comply with the doctor’s instructions, this can cause pneumonia to relapse.
Get enough rest
During recovery, increase rest and avoid strenuous physical activity until your condition is fully recovered and declared cured by the doctor. Don’t forget to always meet your fluid needs by drinking enough water and eating nutritious foods to make you recover quickly.
Maintain air quality in the house
To prevent irritation and inflammation that is getting worse in the lungs due to pneumonia, you are advised to stay away from pollution, such as cigarette smoke or dust. Always maintain cleanliness and air quality in the house so that you can breathe more comfortably and pneumonia you experience can heal faster.