Pneumonia Symptoms How to Diagnose it, and Viral Pneumonia Symptoms? Pneumonia is an infectious disease that attacks the lungs, causing the air sacs inside the lungs (alveolus) to become inflamed and swollen. This health condition is often referred to as wet lungs because the lungs can be filled with water or mucus fluid.
Are pneumonia and bronchitis the same?
Pneumonia is often likened to bronchitis. In fact, unlike pneumonia, bronchitis is an infection that attacks the respiratory tract or bronchi. Although different, this condition can occur when bronchitis sufferers do not try to cure the disease properly.
Who can get pneumonia?
This wet lung disease could be Experienced by anybody. But if it Strikes a Kid, pneumonia can be quite dangerous. Not only that, but pneumonia can also cause death.
The world health agency says pneumonia was the cause of 16% of infant deaths worldwide in 2015.
Meanwhile, pneumonia in children causes 2-3 toddlers who die every hour. The condition can affect either the lungs or pneumonia in two lungs at once.
How common is the condition of pneumonia?
People of all ages can contract this disease. Smokers, the older, and People that have chronic lung disease are at risk of pneumonia. People with weakened immune systems due to chemotherapy are particularly at risk of contracting pneumonia.
People with certain diseases, such as stage 4 breast cancer are at risk of pneumonia.
What are the signs and symptoms of pneumonia?
The signs and symptoms of pneumonia vary from moderate to severe, based on variables, like the form of pneumonia, age, and health ailments.
Common symptoms if you have pneumonia include:
- Persistent cough, accompanied by phlegm
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest pain
- Decreased appetite
- Heart rate feels fast
Meanwhile, symptoms are quite rare but can still appear such as:
- Limp and tired
- Nausea and vomiting
- Joint and muscle pain
- Cough accompanied by blood
Some of these symptoms are common and often occur in people who have pneumonia and will last about 24-48 hours. However, this depends also on the condition of each individual.
Even pneumonia in children Also Can Cause various symptoms. Listed below are the symptoms which will arise when pneumonia in children happens:
- Kids under the age of 5 Decades, can experience Rapid and irregular breathing.
- The baby will show symptoms of vomiting, weakness, lack of energy, and difficulty eating and drinking.
Is pneumonia a symptom of the virus?
Pneumonia is an infectious disease that can be caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Thus, pneumonia is quite readily Transmitted via the water. Usually, the transmission occurs when a person affected by this condition sneezes or coughs.
Viruses and pneumonia-causing bacteria can easily come out through the nose or mouth when sneezing and then infect the other body. Because bacteria and viruses can be removed easily when a person breathes.
What are the factors that can increase the risk of pneumonia?
Your chances are even greater for pneumonia if you have certain risk factors. Factors that put you at higher risk of pneumonia are:
- Infants aged 0-2
- Seniors over the age of 65
- Have had a history of stroke before
- Tend to have a weakened immune system, due to disease or the use of certain drugs such as steroids.
- Have a habit of smoking. smoking can cause a build-up of mucus and fluid inside the lungs, causing the lungs to get wet.
- Have a history of certain chronic diseases, such as asthma, diabetes, heart failure, cystic fibrosis, HIV, and AIDS.
- Undergoing cancer treatment. Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy can lower immunity, so these wet lung-causing bacteria or viruses can enter.
- He’s being treated in hospital. If you are being treated in the hospital even if you are not treated for a pulmonary infection then you are at high risk of pneumonia. Because viruses and bacteria of this disease are quite widely found in the hospital area.
How does the doctor diagnose pneumonia?
In addition to seeing the symptoms that appear, this wet lung condition can be known if you do some special health checks, such as:
- Chest X-ray
- Using X-rays, the doctor can see the part of the lungs affected by pneumonia.
Are There Complications of Pneumonia in the Elderly?
Pneumonia in the elderly can cause a variety of serious complications. The following are some of them:
Ingress of bacteria into the bloodstream
Pneumonia-causing germs in the lungs may enter the blood. This problem is known as bacteremia and can cause the disease to spread into various organs. It has the potential to result in organ failure in the elderly.
Acute pneumonia can cause the elderly to have difficulty breathing, so oxygen intake throughout the body will be greatly reduced. If this happens, the elderly may need to be hospitalized or even use a ventilator until their condition improves.
Pneumonia in the elderly can cause pleural effusion, which is the build-up of fluid in the cavity between the lungs and the inner wall of the chest cavity. This fluid will press on the lungs and make it more difficult for the sufferer to breathe. If the fluid is too much, the doctor needs to remove it with a special hose or surgery.
A pulmonary abscess is a condition where bacteria form pus-filled sacs in the lungs. Generally, abscesses can be treated with antibiotics, but sometimes pus needs to be removed through surgery.
In addition to direct splashing of saliva, there are many ways of transmitting pneumonia. To avoid this infection, you should recognize What is Pneumonia Contagious Period After Antibiotics? this is more information.
When to be hospitalized?
If the symptoms worsen, you may need to diopname. The following are the symptoms and signs of pneumonia that require hospital treatment:
- Fever continues to rise beyond 40ºC despite taking medication
- Severe shortness of breath
- In addition, people at high risk are often immediately advised to be hospitalized once diagnosed with pneumonia by a doctor. These high-risk people are:
- People whose immune systems are weak
- Have heart disease or other lung conditions
- It was very sick before pneumonia
- Babies, young children, and adults 65 Decades and older
When treating pneumonia in the hospital, you will be trained by a physiotherapist to regulate cough techniques in order to remove phlegm more effectively and can cough without feeling too much pain.
If you experience shortness of breath, you may be fitted with an oxygen hose to aid breathing. Will also be given antibiotic pneumonia through an infusion. Infusion is also performed to help meet the needs of fluids and electrolytes during diopname.
Make sure you follow the treatment recommendations given to avoid complications of pneumonia that may arise.
How much time does it take to get over pneumonia?
It may take six to eight weeks for you to carry out your routine after undergoing treatment in the hospital for pneumonia. However, the time it takes for everyone to recover after pneumonia, is not the same, depending on:
- Causes of pneumonia
- How severe is pneumonia
- Whether or not you have other risky conditions
Most people with pneumonia continue to feel tired for about 1 month or more. If you continue to feel tired after undergoing treatment, you need to rest fully to speed up recovery and prevent relapse.
When you’re recovering, limit contact with family and friends. It is useful to prevent pneumonia germs in the body from spreading to your loved ones.
In addition, you need to cover your mouth and nose when coughing, immediately throw tissues into a closed trash can, and wash your hands properly often.
If you take antibiotics, your doctor will make sure that the chest x-rays are back to normal after taking all prescribed medications. This may take several weeks.
Prevention of Pneumonia in the Elderly
The following are some ways that can be done to prevent or reduce the risk of pneumonia in the elderly:
- Vaccinate for pneumonia
- Enough rest
- Regular exercise
- Consumption of balanced nutritious food
- Wash your hands with soap regularly
- Steer Clear of trigger variables, like air pollution and Cigarette smoke.
Pneumonia in the elderly can cause life-threatening complications. If you have an elderly family member, especially if he or she still smokes or has certain diseases, you should be more vigilant. If you notice symptoms of pneumonia in the elderly, immediately take him to the doctor for examination and treatment.
Blood tests are performed to determine the type of virus or bacteria that cause these wet lungs to occur.
If it is true that you have wet lungs, then the virus or bacteria that cause this health disorder will be seen in phlegm.
Check blood oxygen levels
This is done to Learn how Much oxygen is in your own blood. Because this disease can cause oxygen can not to enter the bloodstream.
If you show some severe symptoms, your doctor will usually ask you to perform further medical examinations, such as:
If the lung infection you suffered from does not heal, then the doctor will ask you to do a CT scan so that you can see the condition of your lungs at that time.
Pulmonary fluid culture
This evaluation requires the Physician to shoot fluid within the lungs and examine the contents. This evaluation enables the physician to ascertain the sort of disease which happens.
What are the commonly used pneumonia medications?
Pneumonia is a disease caused by infection, so the treatment is aimed at stopping the infection and preventing it from coming in the future.
Although very rare, pneumonia can be transmitted from parent to child or even from parent to pet so it should try to study Pneumonia Symptoms for Seniors, Adults, and Baby.
Treatment to treat pneumonia will be adjusted to the type, severity of the pulmonary infection that occurred, the age of the patient, as well as the patient’s overall condition. The treatment can also be done at home or hospital.
Generally, indeed this infectious condition can be cured only by taking medication and the symptoms will disappear in a short time. After therapy is given, Generally the body will probably recover in only a couple of weeks.
The various treatment options for pneumonia are:
Antibiotic drugs will be given to people affected by bacterial pneumonia. Usually, the medical team will first examine what type of bacteria causes infection in the pulmonary organs, then it will be adjusted to the type of antibiotic to be given.
When the administration of antibiotics can not cope with the symptoms of infection experienced, it could be that the bacteria have been immune to the drug, so the doctor will replace it with a new type of drug.
The drug is used for patients with viral infections. The virus cannot be fought with antibiotics, so if there are patients who have a pulmonary infection after the flu then it is best to be given antiviral drugs, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza).
The drug is used to relieve the symptoms of a cough that are usually experienced when a pulmonary infection strikes. Usually, it will be given to make you more comfortable and so that you do not feel pain due to persistent coughing.
If you experience joint or muscle pain, headache, or fever, your doctor will give you painkillers to relieve your symptoms, such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen.
If the symptoms of the infection you are experiencing are mild and not too severe, you will only be given the medicines mentioned earlier. You’ll Be hospitalized due to the moist lungs you have in the event
- Over 65 years old
- Have impaired renal function
- It has a blood pressure of less than 90/60 mm Hg. Additionally, diastolic pressure is less than 90 mmHg or has a systolic blood pressure of less than 60 mmHg.
- Breathing feels fast, breathing 30 times or more in a minute
- Body temperature below normal
- Heart rate below 50 or above 100
If this happens to you, you should immediately go to the IGD for first aid. While pneumonia in children should be intensively treated in the hospital if:
- Less than 2 years old
- Experiencing lethargy or loss of consciousness
- Difficulty breathing
- Have low oxygen levels in the blood
What are the complications that can arise from pneumonia?
If the infection is not treated properly, the condition can lead to complications or other health problems. Complications that will arise from pneumonia are:
This occurs when infection-causing bacteria enter the blood causing a drop in blood pressure, inflammation in the blood, even in some cases resulting in organ failure.
Wounds on the pulmonary organs
The infection caused more and more injuries to the lungs.
If the infection is not treated properly, fluid will gather on the membranes of the lungs and make it harder for the patient to breathe.
Infection of one part of the heart
Bacteria can infect the center As well if it was at the organs. This condition is called endocarditis. The spread of this infection to the heart should be treated immediately because otherwise, the patient will be at risk of heart failure.
What can I do at home when I have pneumonia?
Home care should also be considered to prevent infections from coming to attack the lungs again. Here are tips if you’re recovering from a lung infection at home:
Do not return to normal activities first if the symptoms of your infection have not healed properly, let alone the body temperature is still high. Even if you’re feeling better, it’s best not to get too tired and push yourself. This can make the body’s immunity weak again and the infection can return at a later date.
Drink enough water
Keeping your body well hydrated can help you reduce the amount of mucus or phlegm in the lungs.
Taking medication by the recommendations
You should take the drug by the recommendations given. When asked to take antibiotics, take the drug. Because, if not spent, infection-causing bacteria can be immune to the drugs you take.
How to prevent pneumonia?
In many cases, this infection can be prevented. Some pneumonia prevention that can be done is by administering a vaccine and avoiding various risk factors from this disease.
Vaccines are considered a fairly potent way to avoid this lung infection from occurring. usually, there is a vaccine that is specific to pneumonia and there is a vaccine to ward off the flu – because infections often occur after the flu. To find out which one is right for you, it is best to consult a doctor.
Make sure that children also get the vaccine
Pneumonia in children can also be prevented using a vaccine. Usually, the vaccine given to children under 2 years old with children aged 2-5 years is different. Pneumonia in children is quite dangerous, that’s why it is best to immediately give the vaccine to your child and discuss this with your pediatrician.
Implementing a clean lifestyle
Pneumonia is an infectious disease. To reduce the risk, you should keep yourself, your family, and the environment clean. Often to wash your hands with soap and clean running water so that bacteria and viruses do not stick to the surface of the skin.
Stay away from cigarettes
This habit will only make your respiratory tract infected, including pulmonary organs.
Living a healthy lifestyle
It aims to maintain your overall health. Also, by eating healthy foods and exercising regularly, you will have a strong immune system and be able to ward off various foreign substances from entering the body.