Pulmonary Edema: Symptoms, Type, Causes and How to Treatment

Pulmonary Edema

Pulmonary edema is a condition characterized by symptoms of difficulty breathing due to fluid buildup in the pockets of the lungs is more commonly suffered by the elderly. Know Pulmonary Edema: Symptoms, Type, Causes and How to Treatment.


Can pulmonary edema be cured?

Pulmonary edema can occur suddenly which is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment. Pulmonary edema can be fatal, but that doesn’t mean it can’t be treated. If detected early and treated with proper treatment, the condition may improve.


Is pulmonary edema disease dangerous and contagious?

Acute pulmonary edema that does not get immediate treatment can lead to death. But you need to know that the condition of fluid buildup in the lungs is not contagious.

One of the infectious lung diseases is pneumonia, know-how pneumonia contagious in adults and how long is pneumonia contagious.


Risk Factors for Pulmonary Edema

Some factors that can increase a person’s risk of developing pulmonary edema are:

  • Have heart problems or heart failure
  • Have had pulmonary edema before
  • Have lung diseases, such as tuberculosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Have vascular disorders


Symptoms of Pulmonary Edema

A common symptom of pulmonary edema is difficulty breathing. However, other symptoms may vary slightly in each person depending on the type of pulmonary edema suffered.

In acute edema, symptoms include:

  • Sudden shortness of breath, especially when lying down or after doing activities
  • Feel like drowning or heart palpitations
  • restless
  • Difficulty breathing with a lot of sweating
  • Emit unusual breathing sounds, such as the sound of rough breathing, wheezing, or panting
  • Foaming cough and mixed with blood
  • Cold, moist skin or pale and bluish appearance
  • Rapid and irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Feeling dizzy, limp, or sweating


While in chronic pulmonary edema, symptoms that may be experienced include:

  • Become more tired
  • Weight gain quickly
  • Breathing becomes heavier than usual, especially when on the move and lying down
  • Swelling of both limbs
  • Wheezing
  • Often wakes up at night due to tightness


High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) can occur when sufferers travel or exercise at very high altitudes. Signs and symptoms that may appear include:

  • headache
  • Shortness of breath after activity
  • The dry cough continues to be a frothy, blood-mixed phlegm cough
  • Difficulty walking uphill, which continues to be difficulty walking on a flat surface
  • fever
  • limp
  • Chest pain
  • Rapid heartbeat


Types of pulmonary edema and its causes

The causes of pulmonary edema are categorized into 2 groups, namely pulmonary edema associated with heart disorders (cardiogenic pulmonary edema) and pulmonary edema that occurs without heart disorders (noncardiogenic pulmonary edema).

Normally, the heart pumps blood throughout the body from a part of the heart called the left ventricle. The blood pumped from the left ventricle comes from the lungs containing oxygen.

Pulmonary edema caused by heart problems generally occurs because the left ventricle is unable to pump blood out of the heart to the maximum. As a result, blood is still left in the left ventricle and causes increased pressure.

Increased pressure in the left ventricle will make it harder for blood from the lungs to enter the heart, so blood will stem in the blood vessels of the lungs. If the pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs is too high, some fluid from the blood vessels will be pushed out and into the alveoli.

The following are some heart disorders that can cause pulmonary edema:

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Hypertension
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Heart valve disease

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