Renal Cyst: (What is renal cyst?) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes and Treatment

Kidney cysts are often experienced in women and men, in the kidney cyst size chart is recorded ranging from large to smallest sizes. Is the occurrence of kidney cysts the beginning of cancer symptoms? find out more in the renal cyst article: (What is a renal cyst?) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, and Treatment.


What is a renal cyst?

A kidney cyst is a fluid-filled sac that grows in your kidneys, which is a nut-shaped organ that filters waste from your bloodstream to produce urine. You may have one cyst in one kidney or many cysts in both kidneys.


Are cysts on the kidneys serious?

Kidney cysts can be associated with serious disorders that can interfere with kidney function. But more commonly, kidney cysts are a type of simple kidney cyst/non-cancerous cyst that rarely causes complications.


Can kidney cysts disappear?

If your kidney cyst changes and causes signs and symptoms, you can choose to seek treatment immediately. Sometimes a simple kidney cyst disappears on its own.


Can kidney cysts cause pain?

Typically, simple kidney cysts don’t cause symptoms and ordinarily do not need treatment. However, in some cases, simple kidney cysts can grow quite large and cause blunt pain in a person’s back, side, or upper abdomen. These cysts can also be infected, causing pain, fever, and pain.


What is the size of a kidney cyst?

Some cysts are so small you can not view them without a microscope. Others can grow to be as big as tennis balls. As they become larger, cysts can press on nearby organs and cause pain.

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What is considered a large kidney cyst?

Some cysts may be painful, but one isolated cyst usually does not cause pain. Bleeding into cysts and urine can cause pain, but you don’t mention any bleeding. An eight-centimeter cyst is a relatively large cyst. You should continue to consult a urologist.

You can also look at the Kidney Cyst Size Chart, recognizing the dangers to be aware of if kidney cysts are large and untreated.


What is the difference between a kidney cyst and a lesion?

Cysts are fluid-filled structures that range from benign ” simple cysts ” to more complex cysts that can be cancerous. Cysts are assessed on a scale of 1 to 4 (Bosnian Classification). Bosniak lesions 1 and 2 tend to be benign while Bosniak lesions 3 and 4 are more likely to be cancerous.


What causes cysts to form in the kidneys?

1 theory suggests that kidney cysts grow when the surface of the bladder interrupts and creates a pouch (diverticulum). The pouch is then filled with fluid, detaches, and develops into a cyst.


Drugs that cause kidney cysts

Any drug you put in the body it will pass through the kidneys. If the drug is not taken by the instructions of the health care provider or the drug is illegal, it can cause injury to the kidneys. Below are drugs that are harmful to the kidneys:

  • Pain Medication
  • alcohol
  • antibiotic
  • Prescription laxatives
  • Contrast dye (used in some diagnostic tests such as MRI)
  • Illegal drugs

Renal Cyst: (What is renal cyst?) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes and Treatment

Types of kidney cysts

Kidney cysts are divided into two types, namely simple kidney cysts and polycystic kidney disease.

Simple kidney cyst

A frequent type of cyst is a easy kidney illness. This type of cyst is a benign cyst and does not develop into cancer, and rarely causes serious complications.

Usually, simple kidney cysts do not cause symptoms at all. Nevertheless, symptoms will Arise If the Uterus grows large enough or is Currently infected. Symptoms include:

  • fever
  • back pain
  • waist or upper abdomen
  • frequent urination
  • there is blood in the urine.
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Polycystic kidney cysts

This type of kidney cyst is a condition that is inherited in the family and can cause kidney damage. These cysts may cause symptoms like elevated blood pressure, back pain, and bloody urine. However, not all sufferers of this disease will experience such symptoms.


Symptoms of kidney cysts

Simple cysts may not cause any symptoms. However, if the cyst grows large or is infected, it can cause symptoms such as:

  • fever
  • pain in the back or side between the ribs and pelvis (the pain is usually blunt, but can become severe if the cyst ruptures)
  • pain in the upper abdomen
  • abdominal swelling
  • urinate more often than usual
  • Urine that bleeds
  • urine with a dark color

PKD can cause symptoms and signs such as:

  • back and side pain
  • high blood pressure
  • blood in your urine


Diagnosis of Kidney Cysts

The doctor will diagnose the kidney cyst by conducting medical interviews, physical examinations, and supporting examinations such as Imaging using ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI, to detect the presence of kidney cysts through the resulting image.


Causes and risk factors

Doctors do not know exactly what causes simple kidney cysts. They have several possible explanations. For example, each kidney has about one million small tubules that collect urine.

Cysts may begin to grow when the tube is clogged, swollen, and filled with fluid. Another possibility is that the cyst begins when a pouch called a diverticula forms in the weakened tubule area and fills with fluid.

You are more likely to have kidney cysts with age. By the age of 40, about 25 percent of people will have it. By the age of 50, about 50 percent of people will have kidney cysts. Men are at greater risk than women developing kidney cysts.

PKD is an inherited condition, meaning it is caused by changes in genes passed down through the family.

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Kidney Cyst Treatment

Treatment of bladder cysts is corrected to the seriousness of the uterus. If the kidney cyst is just one, little in size, and doesn’t cause symptoms, the physician won’t provide specific treatment, as it can vanish by itself or settle back and never cause problems.

However, the doctor will arrange a patient control schedule to monitor the condition of the cyst periodically through scanning for 6-12 months. In addition to scanning, the doctor can also monitor kidney function. Here are some treatment options if kidney cysts cause complaints:


If a kidney cyst causes symptoms, the sufferer is recommended to undergo sclerotherapy to dry the cyst fluid using a long thin needle. During sclerotherapy, the fluid in the uterus will be eliminated, then the thoracic cavity will be full of alcohol to stop the uterus from reshaped.

During treatment, patients undergoing sclerotherapy will get local anesthesia and be able to go home on the same day.



If the kidney cyst from the patient’s body is Big and Triggers symptoms, the kidney Physician doctor may recommend surgical removal of the cyst. This process is done by a urologist by making an incision in the skin to remove fluid from within the uterus. What’s more, the walls of these kidneys containing warts will probably be cut or burnt.


Complications of Kidney Cysts

Several complications can arise from kidney cysts, namely:

Cyst rupture

Ruptured kidney cysts can cause severe pain in the back or waist, between the ribs and pelvis.

Infection of cysts

If the cyst that appears in the kidneys is infected, the sufferer may experience pain and fever.

Urination disorders

If the urinary tract is blocked due to kidney cysts, the sufferer may have difficulty urinating and swelling of the kidneys (hydronephrosis).

Kidney cysts are difficult to prevent, but you can detect them early by having regular medical check-ups.

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