Renal Cysts on Kidneys: Renal Cysts Symptoms

Cyst disease is a condition caused by capsule-shaped lumps that have the contents of liquid, semisolid or gaseous material that can appear in body tissues. In this article, you will find out renal cysts on kidneys: renal cysts symptoms.

The size of the cyst that appears varies, ranging from small to large. Cysts that have a large size are more dangerous because they suppress nearby organs.


How common is the condition of kidney cysts?

Kidney cysts are a fairly rare condition. It is estimated that this condition affects about 5% of the population in general.

Besides, the disease often occurs in men and affects about 65-70% of kidney mass. Older people are also more susceptible to developing the condition in their kidneys, which is potentially up to 25-33%.

This condition can be addressed by recognizing and controlling existing risk factors.


What is the size of a cyst in the kidneys?

Cysts on the kidneys have a size of 2.5 centimeters. Not only in people entering old age, but kidney cysts can also attack a person at a young age including infants and children.


Before knowing more, do you have kidney cysts? cysts in the kidney when to be concerned, how to get rid of cysts? find out more about it!


What are the types of kidney cysts?

Simple Kidney Cyst

The condition of a simple kidney cyst can be detected through imaging tests performed for the examination of other diseases. This condition does not cause any symptoms in the patient.


Complex Kidney Cysts

This type of cyst is called complex because there is a wall on the cyst part. This condition can increase the risk of cancer.


Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney

This condition can be experienced by newborns. Multicystic dysplastic kidney occurs due to the process of imperfect kidney unification when in the womb. This condition makes the kidneys not function properly and full of cysts and scarring.

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Polycystic Kidney Cysts

This condition is caused by a genetic mutation in a person’s body. Polycystic kidney cysts are a condition when cysts can replace the kidneys, over time causing kidney failure.

This polycystic kidney cyst disease condition has two types, namely dominant autosomal and recessive autosomal.

Children with dominant autosomal conditions experience several symptoms such as high blood pressure, the presence of blood in the urine, pain in the back, and the appearance of urinary tract infections.

While in children who experience recessive autosomal symptoms will arise in the baby’s respiratory system.

Worse, this condition causes death in some babies who experience it. Although this condition is rare, pregnant women should meet the needs of nutrition and nutrition intake during pregnancy.


Renal cysts on kidneys: renal cysts symptoms

Most people with kidney cysts show no symptoms at all. If the cyst grows large enough, it may become a problem. Here are some signs and symptoms that often appear when the cyst begins to enlarge.

  • A bulge appears on your stomach caused by cysts.
  • Discomfort or pain in the abdomen.
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria).
  • Frequent urination.
  • High blood pressure (not yet known).

In some cases, the symptoms of this condition are quite mild, so it may often be mistaken for another disease. As a result, you may be able to live with this disease throughout the ages without knowing it has had kidney cysts.

There may be symptoms and signs not mentioned previously. In case you have concerns about a specific symptom, seek advice from your physician.


When should I see a doctor?

In Case You Have Some of the Symptoms or Signs listed above or Possess any Questions, please consult with your physician.

Each sufferer’s body shows mixed signs and symptoms. To get the most appropriate treatment and according to your health condition, check whatever symptoms you feel to the nearest doctor or healthcare center.


renal cysts on kidneys: renal cysts symptoms


Causes of kidney cysts

The cause of kidney cysts, especially simple forms, has not been known for certain until now. However, some experts believe several factors trigger the development of cysts in the organ that serves to filter feces from this blood, namely:

  • Obstruction of tubule structure (a small structure in the kidneys in charge of collecting urine).
  • Lack of blood supply to the kidneys.
  • Release of diverticula (sacs formed in the tubules).
  • The weakening of the lining of the kidney wall causes the formation of sacs.
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The four factors above are also often experienced by elderly people. Therefore, the elderly group is more at risk of impaired renal function in this one.


Risk factors for developing kidney cysts

Kidney cysts are disorders of the kidneys that can occur in any person, regardless of age or racial group of sufferers. However, several factors can increase a person’s risk of suffering from this condition.

Keep in mind that having one or more risk factors doesn’t mean you’re going to suffer from a disease or health problem.

It does not cover the possibility that a person may develop certain diseases or health problems without having risk factors.

Here are two risk factors that can trigger the appearance of cysts in this nut-shaped organ:


The incidence rate of this disease is most common in elderly patients. Your risk of suffering from this condition will increase with age.



Besides, the disease is more common in male patients compared to female patients.


Health complications caused by kidney cysts

If kidney cyst disease shows no signs or symptoms, you may not require special medical measures. This is because there is a chance the cyst will disappear by itself over time.

Meanwhile, when the cyst develops and shows quite annoying symptoms, it turns out that it can cause some complications, such as:

Cyst infection

If the cyst is not treated properly immediately, it can cause infection. This can cause sufferers to experience pain, fever, and other symptoms of kidney disease.


Cyst rupture

If the cyst is too large, fluid-filled sacs may rupture. Ruptured cysts are at risk of bleeding and cause severe pain in the back or one side of the body.



Enlarged cysts also have the potential to cause hydronephrosis. Hydronephrosis is a condition when the kidneys become swollen which can inhibit the flow of urine. If this happens, you are also at risk of other kidney diseases.


Diagnosis and treatment

In general, kidney cysts can be detected when you undergo examinations or imaging tests for other health conditions. However, when feeling the signs and symptoms of the disease, you may undergo a physical examination first with a doctor.

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Initially, the doctor will ask about the appearance of symptoms, the history of the disease that has been suffered, both yourself and other family members.

If your doctor believes there is a cyst in your kidneys, they will recommend that you undergo some additional kidney function tests. This is to get a more accurate diagnosis. Here are some ways to diagnose kidney cysts.

  • Computerized tomography scan (CT scan)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Ultrasound
  • Blood test
  • Urine test


How to treat simple kidney cysts

The treatment and medical treatment to be given depends on how severe your condition is.

In the case of simple kidney cysts, you may not need treatment. Regular check-ups are possible every 6-12 months to ensure the cyst does not get bigger.

However, cysts that develop and exhibit disturbing symptoms may require special medical measures.

In the beginning, you will see a urologist, a urinary tract disease specialist. Then, they will probably recommend some treatment for this kidney cyst, namely sclerotherapy, and surgery.



If your cyst case is mild, your doctor will advise you to undergo a sclerotherapy procedure.

Sclerotherapy is the process of draining fluid inside the cyst out. The procedure involves a solution containing alcohol and inserted into the cyst to prevent the formation of cysts in the future.

In more complicated situations, such as relapsed cysts or oversized fluid protrusions, you may need to go back to the same procedure. It aims to drain the liquid and remove or burn its outer wall.



In larger cysts, you may need surgery to remove the fluid-filled sac. Thus, you can avoid the occurrence of further complications, such as ruptured cysts or swollen kidneys.

Before the surgery starts, you will be given anesthesia first Next, the surgical team will operate with a laparoscopic procedure, which is a small tool equipped with a camera.

Then, they will also remove fluid from the cyst to be cut or burned on its outer wall. If the surgery is complete, you will be hospitalized for 1-2 days.

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