Retinal detachment is a condition that is at a high risk of vision. This occurs due to the detachment of the retina from its supporting tissue. But do you know what causes the retina to detach? Learn more about the symptoms and causes of this condition in Retinal detachment: (What is Retinal Detachment) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, and Treatment.
Detached retinal warning signs can be found from a variety of factors. There are many treatment options up to surgery though. However, it is necessary to consider the damage of retinal ablation that occurs.
What is Retinal Detachment?
Retinal detachment is an eye disease caused by the detachment of a thin layer inside the eye called the retina.
The retina is an important part of processing light captured by the eye. Once captured, the light is converted into electrical signals and passed to the brain. These signals are then processed inside the brain and interpreted as images seen by the eye.
When the retina is detached, eye cells may lack oxygen. Detachment of the retina from the structure of the eye causes partial or total vision loss, depending on how many parts of the retina are detached.
How common is this condition?
This condition is most common at the age of 60 or 70 years. Men are more likely to develop eye disorders compared to women. However, such conditions can be addressed by reducing risk factors.
As for other distractions that attack the eye, but you may not realize it is dangerous or not. Find out more about The Dangers of a Wandering Eye, and How To Fix it!
What are the symptoms?
This eye disorder does not cause pain. However, some signs can appear before the retina detaches.
Here are the symptoms of retinal detachment:
- Blurred view
- Partial vision loss
- The eyesight looks blurry like a curtain closed
- Sudden flashes of light appear when looking sideways
- Dark areas of the field of vision
- See lots of floaters
What are the causes of Retinal Detachment?
Based on the cause, Retinal Detachment is distinguished into three:
Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment
Rhegmatogenous retinal ablation means you have a tear or hole in the retina. This causes fluid from inside the eye to come out through the hole and into the back of the retina.
Fluid separates the retina from the membrane that provides nutrients and oxygen. Pressure from the fluid can push the retina from the retinal pigment epithelium. This is the most common type of retinal detachment condition.
Traction Retinal Detachment
Retinal detachment occurs when the scar tissue on the surface of the retina contracts and causes the retina to be attracted from behind the eye. This condition is less common. Usually experienced by people with diabetes.
Diabetes can cause problems with the retinal vascular system and cause scar tissue in the eye resulting in the release of the retina.
In exudative retinal detachment, the retina does not experience tears. Retinal diseases such as inflammatory disorders or Coats’ disease, cause abnormal development of the blood vessels behind the retina, resulting in the detachment of the retina.
How was the condition diagnosed?
If your doctor suspects you have this condition, a physical examination and several tests will be recommended. Doctors can also test the retina’s ability to transmit impulses or stimuli to the brain. The doctor can see the blood flow through the eyes especially in the retina.
In addition, the doctor may suggest an ultrasonic examination of the eye, i.e. a painless test using sound waves to produce an image of the eye.
People with severe shortsightedness (minus scores of 8 or more) are at high risk of retinal detachment. This is due to the increased extension of the eyeball to the front which further dilutes the retinal peripherals by force.
Thinning of the retinal layer can cause the retina to tear so that the vitreous fluid (the fluid in the center of the eyeball) seeps in the gap between the retina and the layer behind it. This fluid then accumulates and causes the entire retinal layer to detach from its base.
The risk of retinal ablation in severe shortsightedness disorders can be up to 15-200 times higher than in people with normal vision.
In addition, some of the trigger factors that put you at risk of retinal detachment include:
- Old age
- Had previous retinal detachment in one of the eyes
- Family history of retinal detachment
- Previous eye surgeries, such as cataract removal
- Previous serious eye injuries
- Other eye diseases or irritations
When should I see a doctor?
Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent retinal detachment from getting worse while avoiding other medical emergencies. If you have any of the signs or symptoms mentioned, consult a doctor immediately.
Because everyone’s body condition is different, you should consult an expert doctor. You can ask anything about what you feel, so the Doctor will provide the solution.
How to treat retinal ablation?
In many cases, surgery is the best way to repair a detached retina. Usually, before you experience retinal detachment, the retina will be torn first.
That is why, treatment for retinal detachment is usually divided into 2, i.e. when it is still in the stage of retinal tear and retinal detachment has occurred.
Here’s an explanation:
How to treat retinal tears
A torn retina can usually be treated with a simple, non-surgical procedure. The purpose of this treatment is to prevent the retina from completely detaching.
The following are some ways to prevent tears from becoming retinal detachment, while maintaining vision, including:
In this procedure, the surgeon directs a laser beam to the eye through the pupil. The laser creates burns around the retinal tear and creates scar tissue that “welds” the retina to the tissue underneath.
Another option is cryopexy, or intense cold. For this treatment, the doctor will freeze the torn area so that the resulting wound can keep the retina in place. Before performing the procedure, the doctor will anesthetize your eyes.
How to treat retinal ablation
If your retina is removed, surgery is the best course. The types of surgery your doctor recommends will depend on several factors, including how severe the release is.
The types of retinal ablation surgery are:
In this procedure, the doctor will inject air or gas bubbles into the middle of the eye (vitreous cavity). This process pushes the retina into place, so it can heal properly. Your doctor may also use cryopexy during this procedure to repair the torn retina.
You need to keep the head in a specific position recommended by the doctor. This process serves to keep the bubbles in the right location.
Once your eyes are healed, the body will by itself create a fluid that fills the eyes. Over time, this liquid replaces the gas bubbles that doctors inject in pneumatic retinopexy procedures.
In this procedure, the doctor removes the vitreous along with the tissue that attracts the retina. Air, gas, or silicone oil is then injected into the vitreous chamber to help flatten the retina.
The gas or liquid will then be absorbed and the vitreous chamber will be replenished with bodily fluids. If silicone oil is used in this procedure, you will undergo surgery to remove the silicone oil, a few months later.
In this procedure, the doctor will sew a piece of silicone material into the white part of your eye (sclera) above the affected area. This procedure is performed by gently pressing the eye inwards to help retinal detachment heal from the eyewall.
If you have multiple tears or holes in the retina, the scleral that the doctor makes will surround your entire eye like a belt. However, this “belt” will not hinder your vision. Usually, the scleral buckle is permanently attached.
Will there be any risk of retinal detachment surgery is performed?
All operations mentioned above have their risks. However, if the retinal detachment is not operated on, you may lose vision, even for good.
Here are the risks that may occur due to retinal detachment surgery:
- Eye infections
- Bleeding in the eyes
- Increased pressure inside the eye can cause glaucoma
- Requires a second operation
- Retina not properly reattached
- Possibility of retinas detaching again
Your vision will begin to improve about four weeks after surgery. How much your vision improves after surgery depends on the damage sustained.
Even if you’re at risk, discuss with your doctor what benefits you might get.
How do I prevent retinal detachment?
Some lifestyle changes to treat and even prevent retinal detachment are:
- Immediately check with your ophthalmologist if floaters, flashes of light, or any changes in the field of view appear.
- Wear protective goggles when exercising or using face protection equipment.
- If you have diabetes, control your blood sugar and visit your doctor regularly.
- Perform annual eye examinations, especially if you have a risk of retinal detachment.