Retinal detachment is a condition that is at a high risk of vision. This occurs due to the detachment of the retina from its supporting tissue. But do you know what causes the retina to detach? Learn more about the symptoms and causes of this condition in Retinal detachment: (What is Retinal Detachment) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, and Treatment.
Detached retinal warning signs can be found from a variety of factors. There are many treatment options up to surgery though. However, it is necessary to consider the damage of retinal ablation that occurs.
What is Retinal Detachment?
Retinal detachment is an eye disease caused by the detachment of a thin layer inside the eye called the retina.
The retina is an important part of processing light captured by the eye. Once captured, the light is converted into electrical signals and passed to the brain. These signals are then processed inside the brain and interpreted as images seen by the eye.
When the retina is detached, eye cells may lack oxygen. Detachment of the retina from the structure of the eye causes partial or total vision loss, depending on how many parts of the retina are detached.
How common is this condition?
This condition is most common at the age of 60 or 70 years. Men are more likely to develop eye disorders compared to women. However, such conditions can be addressed by reducing risk factors.
As for other distractions that attack the eye, but you may not realize it is dangerous or not. Find out more about The Dangers of a Wandering Eye, and How To Fix it!
What are the symptoms?
This eye disorder does not cause pain. However, some signs can appear before the retina detaches.
Here are the symptoms of retinal detachment:
- Blurred view
- Partial vision loss
- The eyesight looks blurry like a curtain closed
- Sudden flashes of light appear when looking sideways
- Dark areas of the field of vision
- See lots of floaters
What are the causes of Retinal Detachment?
Based on the cause, Retinal Detachment is distinguished into three:
Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment
Rhegmatogenous retinal ablation means you have a tear or hole in the retina. This causes fluid from inside the eye to come out through the hole and into the back of the retina.
Fluid separates the retina from the membrane that provides nutrients and oxygen. Pressure from the fluid can push the retina from the retinal pigment epithelium. This is the most common type of retinal detachment condition.
Traction Retinal Detachment
Retinal detachment occurs when the scar tissue on the surface of the retina contracts and causes the retina to be attracted from behind the eye. This condition is less common. Usually experienced by people with diabetes.
Diabetes can cause problems with the retinal vascular system and cause scar tissue in the eye resulting in the release of the retina.
In exudative retinal detachment, the retina does not experience tears. Retinal diseases such as inflammatory disorders or Coats’ disease, cause abnormal development of the blood vessels behind the retina, resulting in the detachment of the retina.
How was the condition diagnosed?
If your doctor suspects you have this condition, a physical examination and several tests will be recommended. Doctors can also test the retina’s ability to transmit impulses or stimuli to the brain. The doctor can see the blood flow through the eyes especially in the retina.
In addition, the doctor may suggest an ultrasonic examination of the eye, i.e. a painless test using sound waves to produce an image of the eye.