Retinal detachment: (What is Retinal Detachment) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes and Treatment

Risk factors

People with severe shortsightedness (minus scores of 8 or more) are at high risk of retinal detachment. This is due to the increased extension of the eyeball to the front which further dilutes the retinal peripherals by force.

Thinning of the retinal layer can cause the retina to tear so that the vitreous fluid (the fluid in the center of the eyeball) seeps in the gap between the retina and the layer behind it. This fluid then accumulates and causes the entire retinal layer to detach from its base.

The risk of retinal ablation in severe shortsightedness disorders can be up to 15-200 times higher than in people with normal vision.

In addition, some of the trigger factors that put you at risk of retinal detachment include:

  • Old age
  • Had previous retinal detachment in one of the eyes
  • Family history of retinal detachment
  • Previous eye surgeries, such as cataract removal
  • Previous serious eye injuries
  • Other eye diseases or irritations

Retinal detachment: (What is Retinal Detachment) Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes and Treatment

When should I see a doctor?

Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent retinal detachment from getting worse while avoiding other medical emergencies. If you have any of the signs or symptoms mentioned, consult a doctor immediately.

Because everyone’s body condition is different, you should consult an expert doctor. You can ask anything about what you feel, so the Doctor will provide the solution.


How to treat retinal ablation?

In many cases, surgery is the best way to repair a detached retina. Usually, before you experience retinal detachment, the retina will be torn first.

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That is why, treatment for retinal detachment is usually divided into 2, i.e. when it is still in the stage of retinal tear and retinal detachment has occurred.

Here’s an explanation:

How to treat retinal tears

A torn retina can usually be treated with a simple, non-surgical procedure. The purpose of this treatment is to prevent the retina from completely detaching.

The following are some ways to prevent tears from becoming retinal detachment, while maintaining vision, including:



In this procedure, the surgeon directs a laser beam to the eye through the pupil. The laser creates burns around the retinal tear and creates scar tissue that “welds” the retina to the tissue underneath.



Another option is cryopexy, or intense cold. For this treatment, the doctor will freeze the torn area so that the resulting wound can keep the retina in place. Before performing the procedure, the doctor will anesthetize your eyes.

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