Ring Worms Humans: (What Causes Ringworms On Humans) and Can It Be Transmitted to Animals? You can see the first signs of ringworm spreading on pictures of scalps and animals, know the treatment overnight in this article.
Is that a ringworm?
Ringworm, a fungal infection in the skin that causes a circular red rash, is called “ringworm”. Ringworm can occur in some parts of the body, such as on the head, face, or groin.
The disease can be transmitted through direct contact with the sufferer or infected animals. In addition, indirect contact with fungal-contaminated objects can also transmit ringworm. Because of its circular ring or worm-like shape, a ringworm is also known as a ringworm.
Symptoms of ringworm
Ringworm symptoms include red, scaly patches on the skin. The rash can expand circularly to resemble a ring. The inner color of this circle looks more faded than the edges and is bordered by red spots. Because of its shape, ringworm disease is also known by the name of ringworm.
The development of rashes varies depending on the location of the growth of ringworm. Here are some of the characteristics of ringworm based on its growth location:
Ringworm on the head (tinea capitis)
Symptoms of tinea capitis are patches on the head with scaly areas on the scalp. The patched skin becomes hard and itches very well. If you have an open wound on the patch area, it can release pus.
Ringworm on the face (tinea faciei)
A circular rash is the hallmark of ringworm on the face. the rash is reddish-brown and scaly with reddish edges.
Ringworm in a beard (tinea barbae)
Tinea barbae is characterized by swelling in the overgrown area of the beard. The skin also becomes hard and pus-filled spots appear. This condition can cause beard hair loss.
Ringworm on the skin of the body (tinea corporis)
Symptoms of tinea corporis are a red rash with thicker ring-like edges. Itchy, itchy skin will eventually grow larger.
Ringworm in hand (tinea manuum)
The symptoms are dry and chapped palm skin, especially between the fingers. A circular red rash can also be seen on the back of the hand. If the infected hand touches another part of the body, the infection can spread.
Ringworm in the groin (tinea cruris)
Symptoms of tinea cruris are a circular red ring-like rash. Fold the thighs or groin is also swollen and itchy. In addition, the skin of the groin can peel off and feel sore.
Ringworm on the feet (tinea pedra) or water fleas
Symptoms of water fleas in the form of foot skin become dry and scaly. The skin of the feet can also peel off, itch, such as burning or stinging, especially between the toes or soles of the feet. The skin between your toes turns white or feels soft.
Ringworm in nails (tinea unguium)
Ringworm or nail fungus is also called onychomycosis. The initial symptom is a thickening of the tissue under the nail. The color of the fingernails becomes white and opaque, while the toenails look yellow. In addition, the nails appear thicker and brittle, making them easy to detach.
What causes ringworms on humans
Ringworm is caused skin fungus. 3 types of fungi can cause ringworm, namely trichophyton mushrooms, epidermophytons, and Microsporum. This infection can be transmitted through:
- Human to human. Ringworm is often spread by direct skin-to–skin contact between infected people.
- Animals to humans. You can contract ringworm by touching the affected animal. Ringworm can spread when stroking or caring for dogs and cats. It is also quite common in cows.
- Objects for humans. Ringworm can be spread through contact with objects or surfaces that have recently been touched or rubbed by an infected person or animals, such as clothing, towels, sheets, combs, and brushes.
- Land to man. In rare cases, ringworm can spread to humans through contact with infected soil. The infection will most likely occur only from prolonged contact with highly infected soil.
Ringworm transmission is more common in children who often exchange using objects that can be contaminated with fungi. In addition, several conditions can increase a person’s risk of developing ringworm, including:
- Warm and humid air is good for the growth of fungi.
- Use towels together with skin fungal infections patients.
- Sleep one bed with a person infected with skin fungus.
- Sport that involves physical contact such as wrestling.
- For example, sufferers with a weak immune system may need to seek help.
- Often wear tight clothes.
- Have diabetes.
- Wear socks or shoes when the feet are dirty or damp.
Can I spread ringworm to my dog?
yes! Ringworm can be transmitted to your dog by you. However, it is much more common for humans to give it to other humans, and dogs to dogs. Infection occurs from direct contact with infected skin or materials, such as towels, dressing room surfaces, or beds.
Ringworm can be detected by looking at the area of the skin that is infected with the fungus. The doctor will also shine an ultraviolet light on the rash to help determine if the rash is caused by a fungus.
If there is a suspicion that the skin rash is caused by another condition, the doctor will perform a follow-up examination which includes:
Skin scraping examination
The affected area of the skin will be scraped off slowly. The skin scraps from the scrapings will be dripped with a special liquid made from potassium hydroxide (KOH), then examined under a microscope.
In a skin biopsy, the doctor will take a small piece of skin tissue (deeper than a skin scraping) as a sample, and then examine it under a microscope.
Samples from skin scrapings or biopsies can also be cultured with special media, to see fungal growth.
How to get rid of ringworm overnight
Ringworm can be removed by applying over-the-counter ringworm or fungal ointments, including ointments containing clotrimazole or miconazole. Apply ringworm ointment according to the instructions for use listed on the package.
In addition to applying the antifungal medication, the following things also need to be done to help get rid of ringworm:
- Avoid wearing clothes that could irritate the ringworm region. If you must wear it, cover the ringworm area with a bandage.
- Wash clothes and sheets every day as long as the ringworm has not healed and kept the surrounding environment clean.
- Clean and dry the skin regularly, especially the areas of skin affected by ringworm.
- Use a small towel to compress ringworm, then soak it in cold water for between 20 and 30 minutes. Do it 2-6 times a day.
- Avoid scratching the itchy area, as this can lead to a bacterial infection of the skin.
If there is no improvement after 2 weeks, consult a dermatologist immediately. Find out more How To Get Rid of Ringworm Overnight: The Best Way of Home Remedies
Treatment of ringworm at home
People had been using home remedies for ringworm for years before researchers invented antifungal treatments. Support for the use of this solution is mostly anecdotal. There is no scientific data to support its use compared to OTC antifungals. These treatments include:
Coconut oil isn’t just for cooking—people apply it to their skin to reduce the incidence of ringworm infection. Coconut oil can be used up to three times daily if you are interested in this remedy.
Apple cider vinegar
Some people apply cotton balls soaked in apple cider vinegar over the affected area of the skin three times a day to treat ringworm.
Turmeric is a seasoning that you can mix with water to make an antifungal paste. Apply the paste directly over your skin.
How Doctors Get Rid of Ringworm
A dermatologist will remove ringworm based on the location of the ringworm and the size of the area. For cases of ringworm that are still mild, doctors can give topical medications containing antifungals that are stronger than over-the-counter medications. These drugs include ketoconazole and terbinafine.
If the yeast infection occurs in a larger area, gets worse, or is difficult to go away, your doctor may prescribe antifungal medication in tablet forms, such as terbinafine, itraconazole, griseofulvin, or fluconazole.
Especially for ringworm of the nails, a dermatologist can give a special liquid containing ciclopirox to remove the fungus on the nails.
Ringworm can spread to other parts of the body if it is not treated. A person can also be at risk of spreading the infection to others. Other areas of potential complications include:
- hair loss and scars
- deformity of nails
Complications of tinea capitis (ringworm on the scalp) are very worrying, as it can cause permanent hair loss for life. These potential complications are why it is important to get rid of ringworm as soon as possible.
Complications of Ringworm
Ringworm rarely causes serious problems and usually goes away within 2-4 weeks after treatment. Complications can arise precisely due to the behavior of the patient himself.
A bacterial infection can accompany ringworm if the area of skin affected by ringworm is constantly scratched. The doctor will give additional drugs in the form of antibiotics to treat bacterial infections.
In addition to bacterial infection, the spread of ringworm from one part of the body to another can also occur if after scratching the area affected by ringworm, the sufferer touches other parts of the body without washing their hands first.
Ringworm vs eczema
Ringworm can be very similar to another condition, nummular eczema. Doctors also refer to nummular discoid or nummular dermatis as nummular-eczema.
What the two conditions have in common is that they both cause round or coin-shaped lesions on the skin. Lesions are often itchy and scaly.
A person with ringworm usually has fewer ring-like patches than a person with nummular eczema. Also, nummular eczema usually does not have a clearing in the middle, whereas ringworm does.
Ringworm may also have pustules associated with it, whereas nummular eczema does not.
Sometimes the two conditions look so similar that the only way to tell the difference is to see your doctor. A doctor can take a sample of skin cells and send it to a laboratory for testing.
Nummular eczema is treated differently by doctors than ringworm. They use topical steroids, which, when used for ringworm infections, can mask and worsen the infection. An antifungal ointment will not help with nummular eczema.
The habit of maintaining personal and environmental hygiene can prevent the occurrence of ringworm. There are many ways you can do it, including:
- Do not share personal items, such as clothes, pants, or towels, with others.
- Didn’t sleep in one bed with ringworm sufferers.
- Wear footwear if you are in a public place, such as a public bathroom.
- Do not wear narrow clothing or whose material does not absorb sweat.
- Wash your hands after making skin contact with others or pets infected with skin fungus.
- Cleaning the animal cage and surrounding area with disinfectant.
- Shower, wash hair and change clothes every day, as well as every sweat.
- Keep your feet clean and dry.