Ringworm in humans all over the body can be caused due to a skin fungal infection. what causes can be overcome overnight? How to get rid of, treat, cure ringworm quickly on humans? Find out more about ringworm treatment for adults: symptoms and causes. In this article, you will also find out various pictures of the disease.
What is ringworm?
Ringworm is an infectious skin disease caused by a fungal infection that attacks the top surface of the skin. The disease is also known by the name of cadas is characterized by a red rash on the skin. Usually, ringworm rashes form a ring-like pattern surrounded by slightly raised scaly edges.
This fungal infection (tinea) initially only attacks certain areas of the skin until it can eventually spread to other parts of the body.
Ringworm has different designations, here are different types of ringworm based on the infected area:
- Tinea corporis, ringworm that appears on the neck, arms, and body.
- Tinea pedis, a type of ringworm that occurs on the legs, is also called water fleas.
- Tinea manuum, ringworm that appears on the palm.
- Tinea capitis, ringworm on the scalp.
- Tinea cruris, ringworm in the groin, is also called jock itch.
- Tinea unguium, a ringworm that appears on the nails is also called onychomycosis.
- Tinea facials, ringworm that appears on the face.
How common is this condition?
Ringworm is a fairly common disease. Often the disease affects children, but it can also affect people of all ages.
The disease can be prevented by avoiding risk factors as the trigger. Discuss with your doctor for more information.
How long will ringworm be gone?
Ringworm rarely causes serious problems and usually disappears within 2-4 weeks after treatment. Complications can arise precisely due to the behavior of the sufferer himself. A bacterial infection can accompany ringworm if the skin area affected by ringworm continues to be scratched.
Signs and symptoms of ringworm
A common feature of ringworm or cadas is a ring-shaped rash. However, there are some slightly different signs and symptoms, depending on the infected area. The following characteristics of ringworm disease correspond to the affected area:
- Skin or body (tinea corporis)
- A scaly skin rash that forms like a ring.
- The skin is red and inflamed on the outside of the ring but looks normal in the middle.
- The rash is gathering.
- Slightly raised ring area.
- Itching of the rash.
- Spotting can grow slowly, get bigger, and spread to other areas of the body.
besides, have you ever felt uncontrollable itching without a rash and make you stressed to frustrated? Is that a ringworm? get to know Random Itching All Over Body: The Main Cause And How To Treat Quickly at Home.
Feet (tinea pedis/water fleas)
- Itching, burning, and stinging between the toes.
- The skin is dry and scaly between the toes and spreads to the soles to the sides of the feet.
- Skin peeling.
- Blisters of the skin that break until it bleeds.
- Thick red patches on scaly skin.
- The infected area smells bad.
- Toenails become thicker and easily brittle or injured.
Palm (tinea manuum)
- The skin dries and thickens.
- The cracks are deep enough.
- Ring-shaped spots on the back of your hand.
Usually, this condition arises from frequent touching of feet that have been infected with water fleas.
Scalp (tinea capitis)
- There is a bald area on the scaly head.
- Baldness is more widespread accompanied by thick patches and crusts on the scalp.
- The appearance of black dots on the bald area of the head.
- Open wounds that secrete pus.
- There is a soft, supple, inflamed area of the head, sometimes it hurts when touched.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes.
- Unbearable itching.
Crotch (tinea cruris)
- A red rash is accompanied by itchy swelling in the folds of the groin area.
- The rash spreads from the groin to the inside, waist, and buttocks.
- Infected skin tends to be scaly and has a slightly raised outer border.
- The skin peels and cracks.
- Sometimes it feels very itchy and painful.
Usually, the symptoms will get worse when walking, running, or exercising.
Nails (tinea unguium/onychomycosis)
- It used to attack just one or more nails of it.
- It starts with the thickening of the tissue under the nail.
- Nails are blackened and thickened.
- Thickened nails usually begin to look like they are lifted from the skin underneath.
- The nails are crushed.
- Nails sometimes come off the skin.
Compared to nails on the fingers, this infection more often attacks the nails on the toes. Besides, the condition is also usually more developed in people who have long been infected with water fleas.
Face (tinea facial)
- There is a red rash that can widen the cheek area, nose, around the eyes, chin, and forehead.
- Sometimes a red rash is also accompanied by small bumps or ulcers.
- The face itches.
- Itching worsens when the face is exposed to sunlight.
- Redness, swelling, and pus-filled lumps in the area around the beard.
- Lymph nodes swell.
- Beard’s hair slowly falls out.
- The skin is dry and looks like it is open.
- There are parts of the skin that stand out, soft, and secrete liquid.
- Experiencing more fatigued than usual.
This condition usually appears in men who have a fairly thick beard. an infection will arise when making contact with animals that have been infected with cadas.
When should I see a doctor?
Contact your doctor if you experience a rash on your skin that doesn’t improve in 2 weeks. You can also go directly to the doctor if there are unusual symptoms in the body that make it uncomfortable.
The faster it is treated, the lower the risk of spreading the disease to other areas of the body. That way, you can still do your usual activities without being disturbed by this skin problem.
The cause of ringworm disease is a fungus that lives in the outermost layer of the skin. Trichophyton, Microsporum, and epidermophyton are 3 different types of fungi that can cause this infection. This fungus can also live for a long time as spores in the soil. Ringworm can be transmitted in the following ways:
Human to human, when in direct contact with an infected person.
Animals to humans, direct contact with infected animals.
Objects to humans, when touching the surface of objects touched by an animal or an infected person.
Soil to humans, when the skin attaches to infected soil from both animals and humans. This method of transmission is rare.
Ringworm-causing fungi can live on infected objects for a long time. Therefore, you are very susceptible to contracting if your family at home is infected with this skin disease.
Anyone of any age can get ringworm. However, the risk factors that cause you to become infected with ringworm may increase, if:
- living in the tropics,
- frequent activities in hot and humid weather,
- have open wounds on the skin,
- often swimming in public pools,
- often use used personal items simultaneously,
- do not wear footwear in the changing rooms of the fitness center or swimming pool,
- obesity, as well as
- have diabetes.
Athletes are professions that tend to be frequently exposed to ringworm. Because the intensity of exercise often makes his body a lot in a wet and damp state. Therefore, always keep the body dry to avoid fungal infections on the skin.
Diagnosis & treatment
A dermatologist can usually know you have ringworm just by looking at the symptoms that appear in the infected area.
The doctor will usually examine other areas of the body. This is because cadas are very easy to spread from one area to another.
Before giving a diagnosis, the doctor will usually take samples of infected skin, hair, or nails to the laboratory.
The doctor will scrape off a small amount of infected skin, nail pieces, or parts of the hair for later examination. By looking at the sample under a microscope, the doctor will easily see the presence of infection-causing fungi.
Ringworm treatment for adults
Ringworm must be treated immediately. Otherwise, skin rashes can grow and spread to other areas of the skin.
Proper treatment of ringworm can help prevent the spread and relieve annoying itching. Besides, treating ringworm is also one way of preventing this disease from spreading to others.
Some drugs that are often used to treat ringworm are topical drugs of azole type ( clotrimazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole) and allylamine (terbinafine). Both types of drugs serve to inhibit the work of ergosterol, a major fungal cell-forming component.
Topical antifungal drugs can be obtained without a doctor’s prescription. Usually, the drug is used as much as 2 times a day in the affected area cadas for 2-4 weeks. However, the duration of use of the drug also depends on the location of the cadas and how severe the infection is.
If symptoms do not improve after using the drug without a prescription, contact your doctor immediately. Later, you may be given other stronger antifungal drugs. Sometimes patients also need medication if the infection is stubborn.
Here are various treatments for skin and home remedies that can be done to overcome ringworm:
Wash bed linen and clothes periodically
As long as it is infected with ringworm, you need to wash clothes every day and bed linen every few days. This is so that ringworm does not easily spread to other parts of the body. That way, treatment can be done quickly and effectively.
Wearing loose clothing
During cadas, avoid wearing tight clothing. Wear loose clothing so that it does not rub against the infected skin so that it can aggravate the disease.
Also, use cotton clothes that absorb sweat. This clothing can absorb excess sweat well so as not to make the fungus grow more fertile.
Compressing the itchy area
Ringworm makes the skin feel very itchy. However, never scratch it as it can make this infection spread to other areas.
One way to deal with ringworm itching, compress it with cold or hot water for 20 – 30 minutes. Compress the affected part only, not all of it. Compressing everything makes the infection widespread.
When you are done compressing, wash the cloth you are using with hot water. The goal is to kill the sticking mushrooms.
It’s quite difficult to prevent this skin disease. Because ringworm-causing fungi are everywhere and highly contagious. There are several ways to prevent cadas that you can do to reduce the risk, among others as follows:
Keeping the body clean
Maintaining cleanliness is certainly the most important preventive measure. Try to wash your hands as often as possible after holding the animal or after holding objects especially in public facilities.
Don’t forget to take a shower regularly after exercise or sweating activities. Bathing helps to shed impurities including bacteria and fungi that stick to the body.
Not using personal items at the same time
Although it looks clean, it is not impossible that your friends or family have been infected with fungi. Therefore, avoid contagion by not sharing personal items.
Towels, combs, toothbrushes, handkerchiefs, and shoes are included in personal items that are not well lent. Do not borrow similar items from others even though they are very close.
Keep your body dry
Mushrooms love warm and humid environments. Therefore, keep the body dry during or after activities to prevent fungi from growing and infecting the body.
Also, don’t forget to always use footwear while in the public dressing room, fitness center, or public bathroom.
Routinely check the health of pets
If you have a pet, don’t forget to check their health regularly. This is because animals can be one way of transmitting diseases including ringworm.
Pay attention when spotting appears on areas where hairs fall out. Although it has no signs of disease, it is best to check the pet every six months.
If you have any questions, consult a doctor for the best solution to your problem.