Subconjunctival Hemorrhage (broken blood vessel in eye): What is Subconjunctival Hemorrhage, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Did you know that sneezing or coughing can cause rupture of blood vessels in the eyes? A person with this condition may not realize that he or she is bleeding until the person looks in the mirror. Learn more about Subconjunctival Hemorrhage (broken blood vessel in eye): What is Subconjunctival Hemorrhage, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments.

There is the blood that resembles a red stain on the eyeball, often experienced by many people. This is common due to a variety of factors. Subconjunctival Hemorrhage can be treated with a variety of treatments either by yourself or by experts, such as doctors.


What is Subconjunctival Hemorrhage?

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage is a condition that occurs when small blood vessels rupture just below the surface of the eye (conjunctiva). Because the conjunctiva can’t absorb blood quickly, blood is trapped.

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage often occurs without any noticeable eye damage. Sneezing or a strong cough can cause blood vessels to rupture.

You don’t have to treat it. The symptoms may be alarming. However, Subconjunctival Hemorrhage is usually a harmless condition that can disappear in about two weeks.


How common is this condition?

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage can appear suddenly at any age. This condition often occurs in only one eye, and is rare in both eyes, and can be treated by reducing risk factors.


What are the symptoms of Subconjunctival Hemorrhage?

People with this condition usually experience no symptoms of vision and no pain. Generally, you are unaware of this condition until it is mirrored or told by someone that your eyes are red.

Symptoms of Subconjunctival Hemorrhage:

  • Very rarely do people experience pain when bleeding begins. When bleeding first occurs, you may experience a full feeling in the eyes. When bleeding improves, some people experience very mild eye irritation.
  • The bleeding is a clear and sharp bright red area above the sclera. Sometimes, the entire white part of the eye is covered with blood.
  • In Subconjunctival Hemorrhage, no blood comes out of the eyes.
  • Bleeding will appear more severe within the first 24 hours. But slowly it will decrease, then change until it looks yellowish after the blood is absorbed.
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When should I see a doctor?

If you have symptoms as described earlier, or other questions, consult a doctor, as each individual’s body condition will be different. To treat any health problem, consult a doctor.


What causes Subconjunctival Hemorrhage?

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage usually has no obvious cause. Patients are often told by others that their eyes are red.

However, in some serious cases, Subconjunctival Hemorrhage can be a symptom of an infectious condition associated with the body or cornea (corneal abrasion, prolonged use of contact lenses). Sometimes, Subconjunctival Hemorrhage can occur due to traumatic eye injuries, such as:

  • In the case of trauma (Valsalva)
  • In the case of forced coughing, vomiting, sneezing, choking (severity depends on the time of tearing, pain, discharge)
  • Coughing, sneezing, straining, or heavy work in the presence of a history of hypertension.

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage often occurs in newborns. In this case, it is thought to be caused by changes in pressure throughout the baby’s body during childbirth.

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage often occurs in newborns. In this case, it is thought to be caused by changes in pressure throughout the baby’s body during childbirth.

Trauma to the eyes can also cause Subconjunctival Hemorrhage. For example, injuries caused by foreign bodies injure the eyes, or as a result of the use of contact lenses. Even rubbing the eyes too tight can also cause capillary vessels to rupture.

In addition, the following factors can also cause Subconjunctival Hemorrhage, including:

  • Diabetes

For those of you who have a history of Diabetes or just want to avoid this disease, the best sugar choices will determine the risk in the future. Swerve Sweetener: Is It a Safe Sugar Substitute for diabetics? and Safe For Children?

  • High blood pressure
  • Consumption of certain blood-thinning drugs, such as warfarin and aspirin
  • Have a blood clotting disorder
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Subconjunctival Hemorrhage (broken blood vessel in eye): What is Subconjunctival Hemorrhage, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Risk factors

There are many risk factors for Subconjunctival Hemorrhage, namely:

  • Previous episodes of trauma or infection
  • Chemicals
  • Use of contact lenses
  • Lifting or pushing heavy objects
  • High blood pressure
  • Medical comorbidities


How is Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Diagnosed?

Measurement of visual acuity and discovery on light examination are key features in determining treatment for red eyes. History and an overall assessment in patients are beneficial for treatment decisions.

If redness is caused by Subconjunctival Hemorrhage, rupture of conjunctival blood vessels causes bleeding under the surface of the eye, blood will then re-absorb within 1-2 weeks without serious problems or blindness.


How to deal with Subconjunctival Hemorrhage?


Usually, this condition does not require treatment. Artificial tears that are sold freely can be applied to the eyes in case of mild irritation. You need to avoid the use of aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Such medications may increase bleeding.


Medical care

Your doctor may prescribe artificial tears to reduce any irritation that may occur. If the injury is related to trauma, your doctor needs to check your eyes to lower the risk of damage to other parts of the eye.

Some patients with “red eyes” require emergency eye care, although the majority of conditions including Subconjunctival Hemorrhage can be treated with a general practitioner. No specific therapy is required.

The doctor needs to make sure that the condition is only external and will improve on its own within 1-3 weeks. When repeated:

  • You will be given ascorbic acid (vitamin C) 500mg twice a day
  • Seek medical treatment to be treated immediately
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If traumatic, management should conduct a thorough examination to eliminate other pathological conditions.

The condition usually heals on its own within one to two weeks. Usually, recovery can be completed quickly without long-term problems, similar to mild bruising under the skin. Subconjunctival Hemorrhage changes color (often red to yellow) when cured.


Home remedies

Since this condition is not harmful, Subconjunctival Hemorrhage can still be treated using home remedies only. Here are home treatments to treat Subconjunctival Hemorrhage, namely:

  • Avoid rubbing your eyes too tightly.
  • Place a cold compress over the eyes. Compresses can be made by soaking a cotton swab or a clean cloth with warm or cold water. Squeeze the cloth before attaching it to the eyes
  • Do not wear contact lenses for a while.
  • Avoid exposure to cigarette smoke that can irritate the eyes. You can use glasses to protect your eyes from exposure to dust and cigarette smoke.
  • Avoid using eye makeup, or choose hypoallergenic eye makeup
  • Apply antihistamines drops if the eyes are red if caused by seasonal allergies
  • If you want to use eye drops, it is best to talk to your doctor first, as a few drops of the eye can increase the redness of the eyes
  • Rest your eyes as often as possible and avoid activities that can make your eyes tired.


How to prevent Subconjunctival Hemorrhage from getting worse?

Several efforts can be made to prevent bleeding conditions from getting worse. The following things to note are:

  • Avoid smoke, pollen, dust, and other allergy triggers
  • Always clean the lens properly and do not reuse disposable lenses
  • To prevent infection, wash your hands frequently and don’t touch your eyes
  • Wash clothes, pillowcases, and towels regularly
  • Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from pollen or dust when outside
  • Even if itches, avoid scratching or rubbing your eyes
  • Take care of your eye health condition to avoid various health problems, including Subconjunctival Hemorrhage.

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