Swollen feet are the occurrence of fluid buildup, this is usually not accompanied by pain unless caused by injury. Understand more about swollen feet and legs elderly: how to treat at home.
Swelling of the foot and legs most often occurs in the elderly. This can happen on both or one side only. It may be that areas of the lower body are affected as well.
Although swelling in the foot, legs, and anklesdoes not usually pose a significant health risk, it’s important know when to see a doctor.
What kind of condition is called swollen feet?
A medical condition called peripheral edema can occur in one or both legs that are bending, due to the influence of gravitational forces.
Are swollen feet dangerous?
This condition is not dangerous. But in certain cases, edema can also be a marker of lack of protein in the body, kidney failure, or liver disease.
But not only that you also have to study Renal Cysts on Kidneys: Renal Cysts Symptoms is a cyst disease caused by lumps, this fluid content can appear in the body’s tissues.
How common is this disease?
Swollen feet are common among the elderly. But in some cases, peripheral edema can be a sign of a more serious medical condition.
Swelling sometimes indicates a fundamental health problem that requires medical treatment. It is important to know that patients can recognize when they should see a doctor.
How serious is the swelling of the legs and limbs?
Swelling of the legs, wrists, and limbs can become severe enough to leave a hole when you press the area. This is caused by excess fluid in the tissues from congestive heart failure or blockages in blood vessels.
Signs and symptoms of swollen feet
Swollen feet are a symptom, not a disease. Complaints that may accompany this condition include:
- Stretched or shiny skin
- If the skin is pressed for a few seconds, a hollow will develop that lasts for a while
- Enlarged stomach
- Difficulty walking
What causes swollen feet and legs in the elderly?
- Blood clotting
- Have a disease
- Venous insufficiency
- Side effects of the drug
Complications of swollen feet
Do not underestimate this condition, if not handled appropriately it will cause serious complications, including:
Clots that occur in the legs can release and flow to the lungs, this can clog the arteries.
Because clots block blood flow to the lungs, the condition can be life-threatening if not treated immediately.
Taking measures to prevent blood clots in the legs will help protect you from pulmonary embolism.
Post thrombosis syndrome
This condition can occur several months or even years after you have deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
And it can cause pain, in the long run, causing swelling, severe pain in the affected leg, or paralysis.
To diagnose the cause of swollen feet, the doctor will ask about the symptoms. Then, he will do a physical examination and other support if needed.
Examinations that can be done by the doctor include:
Blood tests aim to determine blood cell count, kidney and liver function, or electrolyte levels.
An X-ray is performed to check the condition of the bones and tissues around the swollen leg.
An ultrasound aims to check the condition of organs, blood vessels, and tissues.
An ECG is used to check heart function.
How to treat at home swollen feet and legs elderly?
These methods of home remedies include:
- Lifting your feet when lying down
- Stretching your legs regularly
- Reduce salt intake
- Avoid wearing tights
- Keep your body weight at the ideal limit
- Use stockings or compression socks
- Stand or walk at least every hour only 1 time
If the swollen leg is caused by another medical condition, the doctor will take medication to treat the underlying condition.
Swelling can be reduced by being prescribed by a doctor, such as diuretics. The drug is administered if other methods can not cope.
When to see a doctor
You should consult a doctor immediately if:
- The swollen leg did not improve despite having been treated with home remedies
- Worsening leg swelling
- Swelling occurs only on one side of the leg and no cause can explain this condition
- Severe swelling, pain, or the sudden appearance
- Swollen areas appear flushed or feel hot to the touch
- Swelling accompanied by high fever
- You also have other medical conditions, such as diabetes
Swollen feet are not always preventable. However, some of the efforts below can help reduce these risks including:
Take a walk
If you travel long distances by plane, train, or bus, take the time to walk down the aisle every 1 hour.
If you’re driving, stop every hour and move.
Move your feet regularly
To avoid swollen feet, flex your ankles by turning them slowly every 10 times every hour.
Wear loose clothing
Every long trip, avoid wearing clothes or pants made of jeans because it will make it difficult for you to move.
Drink plenty of water
To avoid the condition of swollen feet, meet the need for fluids by drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day about 2 liters
But it is best to drink whenever you feel thirsty so that the water needs are met.
Pay attention to food intake
For some people with a history of certain diseases, food can be one of the causes of swollen feet.
Therefore, always make sure your food intake is consumed every day.
Eat more vegetables, avoid foods that are high in salt, fat, and sugar.