The cause of swollen feet can be caused by a variety of things. It is commonly triggered by injury or fluid buildup. Worse, the condition of swollen feet followed by other symptoms can also be a sign of a disease. Swollen Feet Causes In Men: Symptoms, Causes, and Best Treatments can be your reference to find the best solution.
Swollen feet are often experienced by men both young and old. The bending that occurs can be on the ankle, either the left foot or the right foot. You can prevent as well as overcome it with some treatment.
Swollen Feet Causes In Men
Foot or ankle injuries usually occur due to missteps. This can cause the ligaments in the legs to shift or sprain, resulting in the feet beco.me swollen. You can compress these swollen feet with ice to reduce swelling.
Swollen feet can occur due to peripheral edema, in which fluid in the blood comes out of the capillaries and accumulates in tissues. This can be caused by being overweight, standing too long, or sitting in one place (e.g. while in a car or plane).
Infection can also be the cause of swollen feet. Usually, this happens in people with diabetic neuropathy, where the nerves (especially in the legs) are already impaired. The feet of people with diabetic neuropathy are already insensitive to any taste sensations, so foot infections are more likely to occur.
Venous insufficiency is a condition in which blood is unable to move up from the blood vessels of the legs back to the heart. This is because the venous vascular valve is impaired or weakened.
As a result, blood again drops to the lower part of the body and there is a build-up of fluid on the lower leg. This can lead to skin changes, ulcers, and infections.
Clots or blood clots can block the flow from the foot back to the heart, causing swollen feet. It is best to see a doctor if you experience swelling of one leg accompanied by pain, fever, and possibly skin discoloration.
Heart, liver, and kidney disease
Swollen feet can also be a sign you’re having problems with your heart, liver, or kidneys. Heart failure can cause a build-up of salt and fluid in the legs. Liver disease can also make the production of albumin protein reduced causing fluid leakage.
Kidney disease can also cause fluid buildup in the body because the kidneys do not function properly. It is best to check yourself if the swollen legs are accompanied by loss of appetite, weight loss, and fatigue. Learn more about the disease in Kidney Cysts in Men and Women: Diagnosis and Treatment
Alcohol has a bad effect, which can interfere with the absorption of water in the body. This causes fluid to build up in the tissues, causing the feet to swell. If your feet are often swollen after drinking alcohol, then there may be diseases behind it, such as liver, kidney, or heart disorders.
Living an unhealthy lifestyle, including being less active, being overweight, consuming too much salt, and the habit of wearing shoes that don’t fit your feet. All of these things can be the cause of swollen feet that you need to pay attention to.
The age that is no longer young
With age, the body is no longer able to produce large amounts of collagen. Collagen is a special protein that is responsible for maintaining the elasticity and suppleness of the skin and preventing bone loss. Collagen also serves to maintain the health of your joints. Fat levels in the body will also decrease with age.
These various aging processes then cause various problems and diseases of the legs.
Pericarditis is long-term inflammation of the pericardium which is a sac-like membrane around the heart. The condition causes difficulty breathing as well as swelling in his legs as well as his chronic and severe wrists.
Other causes of swollen feet
There are many causes of swollen feet. Areas with swelling can also spread to the ankles and soles of the feet. In most cases, the cause of swollen feet is based on certain lifestyle factors, including:
- Being overweight can decrease blood circulation, causing fluid buildup in the feet, wrists, and soles of the feet.
- Too long activity. Standing or sitting for a long time makes the legs unable to pump body fluids back to the heart because the muscles are not active at that time.
The cause of swollen feet can also be due to factors using certain medications. Some of the medications that can be the cause of swollen feet include:
- Estrogen or Testosterone
- Some antidepressants
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These include ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib, and aspirin
- Heart disease drugs such as amlodipine and nifedipine
- Some diabetes medications include metformin
In addition, these types of drugs can decrease blood circulation by increasing blood viscosity. Well, that is the cause of swollen feet.
Be sure to consult a doctor if you suspect that the medication you are taking is causing swelling of the lower extremities. Do not discontinue the use of the drug before you consult a doctor first.
Lymphatic conditions can also be another cause of swollen feet. Lymphedema, known as lymphatic obstruction, lymphedema causes blockages in the lymphatic system.
This system consists of two kinds, namely lymph nodes and blood vessels. It serves to help carry fluids throughout the body. Blockages in the lymphatic system cause tissue to become swollen by fluid, resulting in swelling in the arms and legs.
Swollen feet signs and symptoms
Swollen feet are a common condition and there is nothing to worry about. However, swollen feet can be a danger sign and need to be treated immediately by a doctor if:
- You have heart or kidney disease and have swelling
- You have liver disease and have swollen feet
- The swollen area is usually red and feels warm to the touch
- Your body temperature is higher than normal
- You have tried various home remedies, but nothing works
- Your swelling is getting worse
In some cases, the perceived symptoms can worsen, such as:
- Pain and tightness in the chest area area
- Feeling disuse or fainting
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
What are the best ways to treat swollen feet?
Swollen feet are a very common health condition. This condition affects patients at any age. However, you can prevent this by reducing existing risk factors.
Home remedies that can be done
There are several ways of coping with swollen legs in the house including:
- Raise your legs whenever you lie down. The legs should be raised so that it is higher than the heart. You may want to place a pillow under the foot to make it more comfortable.
- Soak the feet with Epsom salts. Soaking the feet in cold water that has been mixed with Epsom salts for 15-20 minutes can reduce swelling of the legs.
- Stay active and focus on your stretches and leg movements.
- Limit salt intake. Limiting salt intake to just one teaspoon per day can help reduce fluid buildup in the legs.
- Avoid wearing garters and other types of tight clothing, especially around your thighs.
- If you are overweight or obese, strive to lose the ideal weight according to your height.
- Stand or walk at least once an hour, especially if you stay seated or standing for a long time.
- Regular exercise. Exercise can improve blood circulation, thus preventing you from swollen feet. On the other hand, sitting or standing in one place for a long time can increase the risk of swollen feet. Move your feet every few minutes while sitting or standing for a long time.
- If the cause of the leg swelling due to side effects of the use of certain medications, it is best to consult a doctor immediately. Never stop, reduce, or add a dose of the drug without the permission of a doctor. Your doctor will provide you with other medications that suit your condition.
- Using grapefruit oil. Two ways can be done to cure swollen feet with grapefruit oil. First, take a bath soaking in water that is given a few drops of grapefruit oil. Or rub grapefruit oil directly on swollen feet.
Wearing stockings or compression socks
Compression stockings are a type of elastic socks specially designed to press your feet. The goal is to create smooth blood circulation. Compression stockings are tighter on the legs, then gradually loosen up to the calves.
Pressure on the feet and wrists can help the blood vessels to pump, so there will be more blood that can return to the heart as well as less blood stasis on the foot and calf area.
Therefore, compression stockings will not only reduce swelling and pain in the legs but can also help prevent serious conditions such as the formation of blood clots.
When should I wear compression stockings?
Compression socks are usually recommended by a doctor if blood circulation in the legs is disrupted and causes swollen feet. It is generally caused by problems related to blood vessels. If your feet feel heavy at night or experience swelling and pain, it is important to see a doctor immediately to find the main cause of the problem.
Next, the doctor will determine and notify You need to use compression stockings or not. The use of compression stockings is usually required in swollen leg conditions such as the following:
- Chronic venous insufficiency. This condition occurs when the valves in the blood vessels are damaged so that they are unable to pump blood to the heart properly.
- Deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
- Varicose veins, i.e. enlarged veins occur due to valve disorders or weakness of blood vessel walls. Due to the enlarged diameter, normal pressure is not enough to pump blood back to the heart.
- Spider veins.Although not as severe as varicose veins, but this condition can develop into varicose veins. Compression therapy can stop this process or at least slow it down.
- “Economy class syndrome”. This syndrome is named after it is associated with limited movement of your feet on long-haul flights or long journeys by train or car. When blood flows stasis, it is easier to occur blood clots that can have serious consequences if this clot goes to the lungs or heart.
- If you have already done this, but the swelling in the legs does not decrease as well, it is best to see a doctor. Perhaps this is caused by serious problems, such as heart disease, kidney, liver, or side effects of the drug, which need the treatment of a doctor.
- When your swelling is related to lifestyle habits or minor injuries, your doctor will likely give you swollen foot medications that can be done at home. Treatment of swollen feet can be started by resting, improving food intake, and so on.
- If your swelling is a result of another underlying health condition, your doctor will first try to treat that specific condition.
- Swelling can be reduced with prescribed medications, such as diuretics. However, swollen foot medications using a doctor’s prescription can cause side effects and are usually only used if home remedies are unsuccessful.
How to prevent swollen feet?
To prevent swollen feet, you can follow the steps below:
- Exercise regularly, to improve the circulation of fluids in the body.
- Eat nutritious food, and reduce salt in your diet.
- If you have to stand or sit for long periods, intersperse them with the occasional movie.
- If you have excess weight, do various ways to get to the ideal weight.
- Consult your doctor about medications prescribed to you, ask if there are medications that can cause fluid buildup.
- Avoid smoking, drinking alcohol, and other habits that can trigger swelling of the feet.