Ginger is a long-known plant and grows well in various. Ginger plant is one of the important spices that have rhizomes that are very useful, among others, as a cooking seasoning ingredient, giving aroma and taste to foods such as biscuits, bread, cakes, and various drinks made from ginger. Ginger is also utilized in the medicinal industry, fragrance oils, and traditional herbs. There are many benefits of stem Ginger, how to make it.
Even for young ginger can be eaten for fresh vegetables, or processed into pickles and pickles. Besides, ginger can give a warm taste effect in the stomach, therefore ginger is also used as a beverage ingredient such as syrup
What is stem ginger?
Ginger is a type of spice plant that has the Latin name Zingiber Officinale. This rhizome plant is very popular as a spice and medicinal ingredient. Rhizomes are in the form of bulging fingers in the middle segments.
Ginger rhizomes are a part that is often used. Rhizome ginger is a single root that is firmly embedded in the soil and harvested after 10-12 months of age.
How many kinds of ginger are there?
Ginger is also called by name of large yellow ginger, elephant ginger, rhinoceros ginger, or ginger troupe. This type of ginger has a large rhizome and fat, transverse pieces are yellowish-white, fibrous little, and soft.
Elephant ginger is usually consumed when young or after a lack of sharp aroma and less spicy taste. Ginger is widely consumed while fresh or processed for cooking spices.
Small white ginger
Another name of this type of ginger is ginger sunti or ginger emprit. This ginger has a transverse piece of yellowish-white color, slightly flattened, soft fibrous, with a rather sharp aroma, and a spicy taste.
Generally dwarf white ginger is harvested in an old state. This type of ginger has a more spicy taste than elephant ginger.
The reason is that small white ginger has more essential oil content than elephant ginger.
Called red ginger because the color of rhizomes is light orange to red. This ginger has coarse fiber, the aroma is very sharp, and it tastes very spicy.
Red ginger is usually harvested old and used as a component of medicines and herbs. Often red ginger is taken oleoresin and its essential oil as a treatment ingredient.
Content contained in red ginger, small white ginger, and large white ginger
You already know the three types of ginger and their rhizome characteristics. As it turns out, the nutritional content of ginger for all three types has little difference. Which type of ginger content is the most? The content of red ginger and white ginger (large and small) can be seen below:
Content of ginger in general In general
all types of ginger have the same type of content. Ginger content generally consists of water, fiber, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, and vitamins. Some types of minerals contained in ginger are calcium, phosphorus, and iron.
Ginger contains several types of vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B3 (niacin), and vitamin C. Besides, ginger also contains proteolytic enzymes, zingibain, essential oils, oleoresins, gingerol, and phenolic compounds.
Ginger content also consists of several types of bioactive components including (6)-gingerol, (6)-shogaol, diarylheptanoid, and curcumin. Ginger also contains substances shogaol and gingerol. Antioxidants are also not absent and include substances contained in the nutritional content of ginger.
Content of large white ginger
Large white ginger or elephant ginger also has all the content of ginger that has been displayed. The content of large white ginger consists of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, water, fiber, essential oils, oleoresins, gingerol, phenolic compounds, antioxidants, and some bioactive substances. The content of large white ginger essential oil is 0.82-1.68%.
The nutritional content of small white ginger
Like rhinoceros ginger or elephant ginger, ginger emprit (small white ginger) also has the same list of nutritional content. However, the content of small white ginger essential oil is more about 1.5-3.3%.
Content of red ginger
It has been mentioned before that red ginger is the most superior type of ginger among the three types of ginger in Indonesia. This is because the content of red ginger is more than the nutritional content of white ginger large and small.
Red ginger contains the highest essential oil. The content of essential oil in red ginger is 2.58-2.72%. Tallest isn’t it? Besides, red ginger also has the most content in gingerol and oleoresin substances.
How to peel ginger?
To make it easier to thinly peel the ginger skin, use a tablespoon. Hold the spoon firmly with its basin facing forward, then press the spoon inwards while pulling its skin forward. It’s like a slitting motion.
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How to make ginger syrup stem
Preparation time: 5 minutes
- 100 grams of fresh ginger, thinly sliced
- 1000 ml of water
- 2 pieces of pandanus leaves, deduce
- 200 grams of granulated sugar
How to make
Cooking time: 20 minutes
- Mix the sliced ginger and 400 ml of water and blend until smooth, set aside.
- Boil 600 ml of water with granulated sugar and 2 pieces of pandanus leaves, cook until it comes out fragrant and boiling.
- Remove the froth on a decoction of sugar water, lower the heat.
- Pour the blended ginger with a fine sieve so that the ginger is filtered clean.
- Bring the ginger sugar water to a boil until it stays a little, remove from the heat, and cool.
- Serve with a measure of 50 ml of syrup with 200 ml of water.
- Can be served as a hot or cold drink.
How long does a ginger syrup stem last
Put the ginger syrup in a closed glass container, it will maintain the authenticity and quality of the taste. But it is only for spice drinks that are directly drunk on the same day after the drink is made.
In addition to stored in glass containers, to store low drinks in the chiller. The recommended temperature is between 1-5 degrees C. Spice drinks made with any spices can only be stored for 3–5 days only.
Benefits of ginger stems
Are you a sufferer of joint pain a.k.a. rheumatism? Instead of continuing to take medicine, your doctor can use ginger as herbal medicine.
Just so you know, ginger is rich in asiri oil which is believed to relieve joint pain.
The way of treatment of rheumatism with ginger is quite easy. You burn ginger then mash it. You stick a hot ginger collision on the painful area of the body.
Increase endurance ginger can increase endurance. This has been proven in a study.
Based on the research, ginger extract can block the growth of some pathogenic strains of the respiratory tract.
Reduces nausea and vomiting
Ginger is also able to reduce nausea and vomiting in addition to improving body health. A study showed consuming about 1 gram of ginger per day could help reduce nausea and vomiting postoperatively.
Not only that, but ginger is also able to reduce nausea and vomiting caused by motion sickness, chemotherapy, and indigestion.
Ginger contains active compounds and is antiradang. That is, ginger can be a dry herbal cough medicine.
it is very easy to consume ginger as a cough medicine. You boil 20-40 grams of ginger into four glasses of water. Boil the ginger until it boils and drink while it is warm.
A study showed ginger can lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the body.
To feel these benefits, cholesterol sufferers can consume ginger without sugar.
Reduces Pain During Menstruation
Women often feel abdominal pain during menstruation. You can consume ginger to help reduce the pain.
Increase Male Fertility
The benefits of ginger can also be felt by men. Ginger is believed to increase the amount of testosterone hormone that can increase male fertility.
Ginger can be used to help fight the virus that causes infection. This is caused by the active compound gingerol that it has.
Maintaining Brain Health
Ginger has benefits that can maintain brain health. By consuming ginger regularly can inhibit the inflammatory process that occurs in the brain.
Ginger can reduce inflammation in the joints. Its anti-inflammatory content can reduce the impact of rheumatism slowly.
Ginger can provide a powerful blood circulation stimulant. Its content has a stimulating effect on the heart muscle to dilute the blood and improve blood circulation.
Ginger has a distinctive aroma and polyphenol content that can help relieve stress. Consume ginger daily to help release stress.
Avoiding Heart Disease
Ginger can lower levels of bad cholesterol in the body. damage to heart disease can be known from bad cholesterol.
Hair loss can often be overcome by using ginger. ginger can help the scalp. Use ginger as a hair mask by crushing it and mixing it with pure coconut oil.
Side effects of consuming ginger if consumed in excess
The most common side effect of ginger is indigestion. The maximum limit of consuming ginger is 5 grams per day. If it is more than that, then be prepared to face indigestion in your body.
Some conditions that may appear include bloating, heartburn, and abdominal pain. This spice can also irritate the oral cavity.
Increases the risk of bleeding
Excessive consumption of ginger will increase the risk of bleeding. Therefore, if you have a history of blood clotting disorders, such as hemophilia, ginger is not a good option to consume.
Disrupting the work of diabetes drugs
If you have diabetes, then be careful when consuming ginger. Because this spice increases insulin levels in the body and lowers blood sugar levels.
If you take diabetes medication regularly, the effects of ginger will affect the way the drug works and make you need to do dose adjustment.
Affects the work of the heart
If consumed too much, ginger can also worsen some types of heart disease. So, if you want to use ginger as traditional medicine, make sure the dosage is right and is following the expert’s recommendations.
Affects the work of high blood medications
A side effect of ginger that is often missed is its interaction with high blood medicine. Drug interactions can occur when you take a substance at the same time as the drug.
Interactions that occur, can interfere with the work of the drug, such as lowering effectiveness, increasing the risk of side effects, or precisely increasing the effect excessively.
If you consume a certain amount of ginger along with blood thinners and high blood medicine, then this spice can interfere with how it works.
In some people, ginger can also trigger allergies. Therefore if after consuming ginger you experience allergy symptoms such as itching, itchy throat, swelling in the oral cavity area and face, or even shortness of breath, immediately contact a doctor.
Allergies that are not treated quickly and appropriately can be dangerous. Because the swelling that occurs in the throat can close the airway.
Tips on choosing and storing ginger
Choose the best ginger
First, look at the skin. Good ginger certainly has a smooth and shiny skin, as well as dry and no mushrooms. Make sure the skin is thin but has heavy and thick meat.
Store ginger in a plastic bag that can be closed
Previously remove the remaining air contained in the plastic bag, then put the whole ginger in the bag. After that, you can put the pouch into the vegetable storage that is in the refrigerator to keep it dry for a few weeks.
Paper bags can be another option
If your home doesn’t have an airtight plastic bag, you can use a paper bag. It’s just that before the ginger is inserted, it is best to wrap it first using tissue until it is completely covered.
Next, remove the air in the bag and put the ginger in. Just like the previous way, you can put ginger in the refrigerator, the part where the vegetable storage.
Keeping chopped ginger to last
Sometimes many leftover spices are not used for cooking purposes and are too dear to throw away. Relax, you can use an airtight container to freeze chopped ginger. Wrap the ginger with transparent plastic and tie it, then put it in a jar. Immediately put it in the fridge freezer.