Complications in the form of boils on the legs are one of the causes of diabetes. If the treatment of diabetic feet is not done properly, these ulcers will quickly get worse due to poor blood circulation. Therefore, diabetics need to understand how to take care of the legs and ulcers on their feet. This is the best diabetic foot cream for cracking and itching problems on your feet!
Treatment by a doctor needs to be done when ulcers appear or simply wounds on the legs of diabetics. If left unchecked, ulcers can spread and cause damage to tissues and bones, until the patient needs to undergo amputation.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition that interferes with the body’s ability to process glucose in the blood or known as blood sugar. Unfortunately, this condition occurs for life.
In other words, if a person is diagnosed with this disease then lifelong treatment is required. Without good care, diabetes can lead to a build-up of blood sugar. This will then increase the risk of complications such as stroke and heart disease.
What sugars are suitable for diabetics?
A low-calorie sweetener or sugar substitute, allowing diabetics to enjoy sugary foods and drinks that do not affect their blood sugar levels. Many sweeteners are available and have different pros and cons. Diabetics do have to be careful to avoid blood sugar spikes.
Below are 6 sweeteners to substitute granulated sugar for diabetics:
Raise blood sugar levels This sweetener is calorie free. This sugar boost is a little more expensive than the other sweeteners. Besides being expensive, Stevia also has a bitter taste that some people don’t like.
Tagatose can be produced from some sweet fleshy fruits such as apples, oranges, and pineapples. Generally, tagatose is used as a sweetener in foods, texture enhancers, and low-calorie stabilizers.
Sucralose is 600 times sweeter than table sugar with a lower caloric content so it is very safe for diabetics. One of these popular artificial sweeteners is sucralose.
Aspartame is often chosen by citizens because it has a sweet taste. It’s 200 times sweeter than regular granulated sugar. This product is often used by some food manufacturers in some of their menus, ranging from food to diet soda drinks. Unlike sucralose, aspartame is not good if treated at high temperatures.
Neotame is a type of low-calorie artificial sweetener that has a very high degree of sweetness. Based on the results of the study, neotame is 7,000-13,000 times sweeter than the granulated sugar commonly consumed. This sweetener can survive in high temperatures, so it is suitable for use when cooking or making other foods that require high temperatures.
Saccharine is a sweetener made from the oxidation process of chemicals. This sweetener is safe for diabetics because it is zero calories and 200-700 times sweeter than granulated sugar.
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How many types of diabetes are there?
3 main types of diabetes develop, namely type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. 1.
Type 1 diabetes
is an autoimmune disease. In this condition, the immune system attacks and destroys pancreatic cells, where insulin is made.
This then causes the body to fail to produce insulin. People with type 1 diabetes rely heavily on artificial insulin. They have to take artificial insulin every day to survive.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes insulin can be produced by the body’s organs. It’s just that the body’s cells don’t respond to insulin. As a result, glucose accumulates in the blood. diabetes which is very common is type 2 rather than type 1. Diabetes has a strong relationship with obesity.
Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women. When pregnant, some people become less sensitive to insulin. It later developed a gestational diabetic condition. However, keep in mind, gestational diabetes does not occur in all women. Besides, the condition usually heals after childbirth.
Which type of diabetes is more dangerous?
Each type of diabetes mellitus has dangerous symptoms and complications. Moreover, each person’s body varies so that the response to treatment can be different.
The lifestyle of a patient can be seen to determine the health level of diabetes. If after being diagnosed you do not maintain a diet, rarely exercise, sleep deprivation, keep smoking, and do not routinely check blood sugar, you are more at high risk of developing various complications of diabetes.
Stroke, hypertension to kidney failure can occur due to diabetes. By undergoing diabetes treatment properly and following a healthy lifestyle and, you can still control your diabetes, whatever the type.
Why can diabetes occur?
Diabetes is caused by disorders in the body, so the body is not able to use blood glucose in cells, so glucose accumulates in the blood.
In type 1 diabetes, disorder is caused because the pancreas cannot produce certain hormones. While in type 2 diabetes, this disorder occurs because the body is not effective in using certain hormones or lacks certain hormones relative to blood glucose levels.
These high glucose levels can damage small blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, eyes, and nervous system, resulting in a wide range of complications.
What are the early symptoms of diabetes?
Each type of diabetes has different causes, symptoms, and treatments. Even so, early signs of diabetes are usually similar for each type. here are some early signs of diabetes that you need to pay attention to:
Hunger and fatigue
The body will convert the food we eat into glucose which the cells then use to become energy.
However, to do so, the body needs insulin to bind to glucose in the blood. the body cannot produce enough insulin when a person has diabetes.
As a result, glucose cannot be converted into energy for the body’s cells. This affects hunger and fatigue. You will become hungry and tired faster than usual.
Frequent urination and more frequent thirst
If normal adults urinate about 4 to 7 times in 24 hours, then diabetics are more frequent. It is caused by the body’s absorption of energy as it passes through kidney stones.
When the glucose in the blood rises, then the kidneys will throw it through the urine. As for producing urine, you need to drink more. This makes diabetics thirsty and urinating more often.
Dry mouth and itchy skin
Because the body needs a lot of fluids to pee more often, then the body’s humidity will be reduced. As a result, you may be dehydrated and your mouth feels dry. Besides, due to reduced humidity, the skin will feel itchier.
Changes in bodily fluids can also make vision blurred. Reduced bodily fluids make the lens of the eye swell. As a result, the lens of the eye is shape-shifting and difficult to focus on.
In addition to these early symptoms, there are differences in symptoms in both men and women. In men with diabetes may experience decreased sexual arousal, erectile dysfunction, and decreased muscle strength. While in women, can also experience urinary tract infections, vaginal yeast infections, dry skin, as well as itching.
What are the factors that cause diabetes?
Each type of diabetes mellitus has different risk factors. The following are the risk factors for type 1 diabetes:
- Family who has diabetes history
- Got a viral infection.
- White people are believed to be more at risk of type 1 diabetes than other races.
- Travel to areas far from the equator.
- Although type 1 diabetes can appear at any age, it is widely experienced in children aged 4–7 years and 10–14 years.
While the risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus are as follows:
- Obese or overweight.
- Less active moving. Physical activity can help a person to control weight, burn glucose as energy, and make the body’s cells more sensitive to insulin. That’s why people who lack physical activity will be more prone to type 2 diabetes.
- The risk of developing diabetes 2 is due to increasing age.
- Have high blood pressure or hypertension.
- Have abnormal levels of cholesterol and triglycerides. People who have low levels of good cholesterol or HDL (high-density lipoprotein), but high triglyceride levels are more at risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Especially in women, having a history of PCOS disease makes a woman at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
While in pregnant women, the risk of developing gestational diabetes is greater if the mother has type 2 diabetes.
Do I have diabetic leg injuries?
If you have a wound that never heals, then it could be a diabetic ulcer. But to be sure, see a doctor. Your doctor will ask you what symptoms you are experiencing, including when the wound will start. Also, tell your doctor about the various symptoms of diabetes that you are experiencing.
Furthermore, wounds on the legs or other parts of your body are examined by the naked eye. When the doctor suspects a diabetic wound, then you will be recommended to undergo a blood sugar check.
Not a few were diagnosed with diabetes the first time when there were already wounds on the legs like this. But for those who already have sugar or diabetes, then this blood sugar test will show that the diabetes wound does occur and is aggravated due to uncontrolled blood sugar. In addition to the during blood sugar (GDS) and fasting blood sugar (GDP) tests, doctors also recommend HbA1C screening.
How to prevent diabetic wounds?
For diabetics, caring for the feet is very important to prevent the onset of ulcers. There are some foot care tips that diabetics Will Need to know, Specifically:
Check the condition of the feet daily
Diabetics’ feet need to be examined once a day to notice any abnormalities, such as redness, blisters, cracked skin, or swelling.
Use warm water to wash the feet, put on a moisturizing cream.
Wash your feet with warm water (do not get too hot) once a day, then dry your feet, especially between your toes, with a towel or a soft cloth. After that, use a moisturizing cream to keep the skin of the feet soft.
Do not treat wounds without consulting a doctor
To avoid injury to the skin, do not use a nail file, nail clippers, or medicinal liquid to remove warts or shipwrecks in the legs. To be safe, consult a doctor first.
Don’t go barefoot and cut your toenails carefully
To prevent leg injuries, do not go barefoot, even when doing activities in the house. Besides, do not cut the nails too deep or ask for help from others if they cannot cut the nails themselves.
Wear clean, dry socks, and absorb sweat
Wear socks with materials that easily absorb sweat, such as cotton. Do not use nylon socks and socks with rubber that is too tight, because it can reduce the circulation of air in the feet.
Use shoes of the right size
Use comfortable shoes and have cushioning for heel and foot arches. Avoid using tight shoes or high heels. If one leg is larger than the other, do not force it to wear shoes that are the same size right and left. Choose shoes that are suitable for each foot.
How to treat diabetic leg wounds?
If there are ulcers or just wounds on the legs, diabetics need to see a doctor immediately. The doctor or surgeon will treat ulcers and wounds in the legs so as not to expand. Doctors can also perform follow-up examinations with X-rays or Doppler ultrasounds to check for further diabetes complications.
Treatment of ulcers or wounds on the legs due to diabetes is not only done by a doctor but also needs to be done independently by the sufferer. The doctor will teach how to treat diabetic feet so that the sufferer can do the treatment himself at home.
The following are some steps of treatment of ulcers in the legs that need to be done by diabetics:
- Wash hands properly using soap and running water, before carrying out treatment of diabetic foot ulcers.
- Gently open the bandage. When the bandage is attached to the skin, give the infusion liquid a saline solution (NaCl 0.9%) to wet the bandages, to make them easier to remove.
- Use disposable gloves during cleaning ulcers.
- Clean the ulcers with gauze that has been moistened by a saline solution, from the middle to the edges of the ulcers. Do not do re-cleaning with the same gauze.
- Use a new dry gauze to dry the cleaned ulcers.
- Cover the ulcers with a bandage recommended by the doctor.
This is the best diabetic foot cream for cracking and itching problems on your feet!
The miracle of Aloe Miracle Foot Repair Cream
60% of the content of this product is made from organic ingredients, and most of its content is aloe vera leaves that are already famous for having a myriad of benefits for skin health.
Its content can relieve pain and fatigue in the legs while overcoming irritation and itching due to dry skin. The product itself is fragrance-free, non-greasy, and slightly oily so that dry foot skin problems can be resolved immediately.
Another plus is that foot cream is safe to use by diabetics and can overcome the problem of foot odor. This USD 9.55 product can be found online at Amazon.
Burt’s Bees Coconut Foot Crème
The foot cream is arguably the most natural foot cream product compared to other products. There are vitamin E, peppermint extract, rosemary, and coconut oil that can indeed rejuvenate dry and dead skin.
As a result, the feet will feel very soft and healthy because of the honey content as the raw material. This million-benefit product is also very affordable, which costs USD 9.99 and can be purchased on Amazon.
Eucerin Foot Crème
For those of you who have dry and sensitive feet, foot cream is suitable for you because it does not contain perfume. This product is clinically proven to be able to overcome dry skin by preventing moisture loss.
In addition to fragrance-free, this foot cream contains Alpha Hydroxyl Acid which can exfoliate dead skin on the soles of the feet and heels. There is also glycerin content that makes the feet feel very soft after use. This USD17 product can be purchased on Amazon.
L’Occitane Shea Butter Foot Cream
L’Occitane Shea Butter Foot Cream is made from 15% shea butter and lavender essential oil as an anti-inflammatory. The ingredient is believed to work quickly in moisturizing, softening, and overcoming skin irritation.
Besides, the formula also contains mint leaf extract so that it will feel cold on the skin of the feet when used. Surely the cold sensation is good if the feet are tired, right? This USD 28 product can be purchased at official L’Occitane outlets or on Amazon.