There are various pictures showing tinea cruris, bullous and other types. In this article you will find out the treatment guidelines, Tinea Corporis Pedis: (What is Tinea Corporis Pedis?) Causes and Symptoms of Tinea Pedis.
What is Tinea Corporis Pedis
Tinea pedis is a ringworm disease that occurs in the area between the toes and toenails. Usually, this fungal infection occurs due to the feet that often sweat and cause itching.
Symptoms of tinea pedis can be scaly rashes that itch or cause a burning sensation. This disease also called water flea can be transmitted through various media, such as floors, towels, or clothing that has been contaminated by the trigger fungus. Tinea pedis is associated with other fungal infections.
The condition can be treated using antifungal medications, but the infection is often recurrent. Tinea pedis is not a serious disease and is the most commonly found fungal infection. However, this condition is difficult to treat in patients with diabetes or the body’s weakened immune system.
Signs and symptoms of tinea pedis
Symptoms of tinea pedis include:
- Itching, heat, or burning sensation between the fingers or soles of the feet
- Peeling and cracked skin
- Dry skin
- Rough, scaly skin
- Toenails change color and become thick and brittle
- Toenails that come off the bottom
Causes of tinea corporis pedis
The cause of tinea pedis is a group of fungi called Trichophyton that can trigger infections in the skin, hair, and nails. This fungus can be found on the skin and does not cause any disease as long as the skin is dry and clean, due to the stunted growth of the fungus.
However, this fungus usually develops and thrives in warm and humid environments, for example in the bathroom. Tight and thick shoes can trigger tinea pedis because it clamps the toes and creates an ideal environment for fungal growth.
Plastic-based shoes that warm and moisturize the feet are also more susceptible to triggering this condition than other base shoes such as leather or canvas. Tinea pedis can be transmitted through 2 means, namely direct contact and indirect contact. Here’s the explanation:
- Direct contact, which can occur when a person touches or hits an area of skin infected with tinea pedis.
- Indirect contact, characterized by infection through surfaces, clothing, socks, shoes, bed linen, and towels contaminated with mold.
Risk factors for tinea pedis
Some conditions that can be a risk factor for water fleas include:
- Male gender
- Often wearing wet socks and shoes
- Lend each other personal items, such as shoes, towels, socks, sheets, or clothing
- Often walk barefoot in public places with damp conditions, such as sauna rooms, changing rooms fitness facilities, public baths, poolside, and others
- Have feet that sweat frequently
- Suffered a nail or skin injury
- Have a weak immune system
Diagnosis of tinea corporis pedis
Doctors usually diagnose tinea pedis based on its symptoms. The doctor can also perform a special examination on the skin with KOH (potassium hydroxide) to confirm the diagnosis.
On KOH examination, the doctor will take the infected area of the skin and put it on KOH fluid. KOH will destroy normal cells so that fungal cells can be easily seen under a microscope.
The best treatment for tinea corporis
How to treat tinea pedis is with antifungal drugs. The drug can be ointments, gels, sprays, or pills. Here are some examples of antifungal drugs that can be given:
If the wound on the skin is severe enough and there is swelling, the doctor can give inflammatory drugs such as hydrocortisone.
Find out more about Best Treatment For Tinea Corporis: Effective Ways to Treat Tinea Corporis.
Complications of tinea corporis pedis
Complications of tinea pedis can be the spread of infection to various other areas of the body, such as the hands, nails, and groin. The spread of infection to the hands can occur when the patient scratches the infected area of the foot.
The fungus that causes tinea pedis can also infect the toenails, a location more resistant to treatment.
Itching in the groin is often caused by fungi that cause tinea pedis. It is common for infections to spread from the foot to the groin through contaminated hands or towels.
How to prevent tinea pedis
Some ways to prevent tinea pedis include:
- Keep your feet dry, especially between your feet. When at home, the patient does not need to wear footwear so that the air can still pass through the legs. Dry the toes after bathing.
- Change socks regularly. When your feet are sweating, change socks twice a day.
- Use shoes that are light and well ventilated. Avoid synthetic shoes such as rubber.
- Use an alternative shoe. Do not use the same shoes every day to allow drying the shoes every time they are used.
- Protect your feet in public places. Wear waterproof slippers or shoes in the pool, public bath, and lockers.
- Take care of your feet. Use antifungal powder on the feet every day.
- Don’t wear other people’s shoes. Sharing the use of shoes can transmit fungal infections.
When to consult a doctor
If you experience a rash on the legs that do not improve after two weeks of treatment with over-the-counter antifungal medications, consult a doctor.
Patients with diabetes should consult a doctor if they have tinea pedis, especially when they find signs of secondary bacterial infection such as redness, swelling, pus, or fever.
What to prepare before consulting a doctor
Before the inspection, you can prepare a few things below:
- Make a list of the symptoms you’re feeling.
- Record a history of diseases you’ve been and are experiencing.
- Note all medications, supplements, herbal remedies, or vitamins you are taking.
- Take note of the questions you want to ask your doctor.
You can also ask family or friends to accompany you when consulting a doctor. They can provide moral support as well as assist you in remembering the information submitted by the doctor.
What the doctor will do during the consultation
The doctor will ask the following questions:
- What are the symptoms you feel?
- Do you have risk factors related to tinea pedis?
- Are there family members or people around you with the same symptoms?
- Have you sought medical help before? If so, what are the treatments you have tried?
After that, the doctor will perform a physical examination and recommend a supporting examination to ensure the diagnosis of tinea pedis. With this, handling can be given appropriately.